Radar is a location device used to determine the location, speed and direction of mobile or stationary objects, and works by reflecting micro-wave
“We gave Dawud great favor from Us: ‘O mountains and birds! echo with him in his praise!’ And We made iron malleable for him.” (Saba’ 34:10)
“We gave Sulaiman understanding of it. We gave each of them judgment and knowledge. We subjected the mountains to Dawud, glorifying, and the birds as well. This is something We are well able to do.” (Al-Anbiya’ 21:79)
“So We subjected the wind to him to blow at his command, softly, wherever he directed.” (Sad 38:36)
The above verses refer to the superior attributes bestowed on the Prophets David (pbuh) and Solomon (pbuh), and say that each was given knowledge from the Presence of Allah. The terms referring to the knowledge given to these prophets in the verses may be a reference to present-day radar technology, which works by the reflection of electromagnetic waves. (Allah knows the truth.) The word “awwibee” in verse 10 of Surah Saba’, translated as “echoing” in the verse and meaning “the return or reiteration of sound,” is reminiscent of echo-based radar technology.
Radar is a location device used to determine the location, speed and direction of mobile or stationary objects, and works by reflecting micro-wave. (1) The operating principle of radar bears a close similarity to the reflection of sound. For example, someone shouting in a valley or a cave, hears his own voice being reflected back to him. If we know how fast sound travels through the air, we can calculate the distance and general direction of the object it bounces off.
In the radar system, electromagnetic energy signals are used in very much the same way. Signals with a microwave frequency are emitted toward an object and then return after being reflected by it. This part of the signal returning to the radar is called an “echo.” Radar devices use this echo to determine the direction and distance of the object doing the reflecting. (2) Since they also use electromagnetic energy, radio, television and the human eye bear a close resemblance to radar systems, though their frequencies are different. In addition, radar uses the reflected energy known as the “echo,” rather than directly transmitted energy as in these examples. (3) Reflected signals are converted into numerical values by the radar receiver and recorded as data on “echo stores.” Finally, the data are processed and converted into images. (4)
The use of the Arabic verb “alanna,” meaning “We have made malleable,” in verse 10 of Surah Saba’ is again exceedingly wise. Because iron is still described as soft, or malleable, despite being physically very hard. This form of iron, known as “soft magnetic iron” because of its magnetic properties is particularly used in radar and satellite technology. (5) Soft iron is used because it strengthens the magnetic field and can be opened and closed as desired.
“The wind being told to blow at his command…” as we are told of the Prophet Solomon (pbuh) in verse 36 of Sura Sad, may be a reference to electromagnetic signals being transmitted as desired in the air thanks to the use of soft iron. (Allah knows the truth.)
The radar imaging used today scans the world at every moment and developments taking place on the earth can thus be constantly monitored. In addition, data can be collected about physical features on earth, such as mountains, glaciers and the oceans, and also about man-made objects, such as houses, bridges and cars. The way that the operating principle and material used in this advanced technology was noted in the Qur’an 1400 years ago shows that the Qur’an is the revelation of our Lord, Who created past and future as a single moment and Who is unfettered by time.
A radar image taken by satellite. This image, formed using microwaves, shows a mountainous region of Salt Lake City, Utah.
By Prof. Shahul Hameed
It is also stated that each (celestial body) runs its course for a term appointed.
One thing we need to understand about the Qur’an is that it is not meant as a book of science, just as it is not meant as a book of history, philosophy or sociology.
Allah in the Qur’an very clearly and emphatically says what kind of a book it is:
“This is the Book; in it is guidance sure without doubt, to those who fear Allah.” (Al-Baqarah 2:2)
“A Book which We have revealed unto you, in order that you may lead mankind out of the depths of darkness into light – by the leave of their Lord – to the Way of (Him) the Exalted in power, worthy of all praise!” (Ibrahim 14:1)
“And We sent down the Book to you for the express purpose, that you should make clear to them those things in which they differ, and that it should be a guide and a mercy to those who believe.” (Al-Nahl 16:64)
And nowhere does the Qur’an say that it is a book of science, period. This means that it would be wrong on our part to read it as a textbook of science or as a scientific work written in the language of science meant to teach science.
But the foregoing does not mean that the Qur’an does not contain ideas relevant to science, philosophy, sociology etc.
The minimal Muslim claim is that the Qur’an DOES NOT contradict established facts of science or of human experience. This means that we have no responsibility to support or justify exaggerated or obscurantist statements made by certain clerics in order to explain some Qur’anic passages – statements that obviously contradict established science or plain common sense.
Now let us come to your question proper, which in simple words is as follows: ‘The Qur’an does not say anywhere that the earth revolves around the sun; doesn’t this mean that it approves of the idea that the sun revolves around the earth?’
First, the Qur’an DOES NOT SAY that sun revolves around the earth; nor does it say that the earth is stationary, as was claimed by the Church in Galileo’s time.
Note the following verse:
“He merges Night into Day, and he merges Day into Night, and he has subjected the sun and the moon (to his Law): each one runs its course for a term appointed. Such is Allah your Lord: to Him belongs all Dominion. And those whom ye invoke besides Him have not the least power.” (Fatir 35:13)
The above verse speaks of the merging of the day into night and the night into day, as well as of the subjection of the sun and the moon. But it is also stated that each one runs its course for a term appointed. This verse does not clearly say that the earth is round and it rotates around its axis; but the word, “merge” implies that the earth is round and moves around its axis.
It is also stated that each (celestial body) runs its course for a term appointed. This running of the course clearly suggests the movement of the sun and the moon. Modern science has discovered that the sun situated at the center of the solar system moves with the whole solar system along an orbit of its own. And so the Qur’anic statement about the movement of the sun (and similarly of the moon) is an established fact now. But those who are not aware of this scientific fact imagine that the movement of the sun mentioned here is a reference to “the movement of the sun around the earth”, as was believed in the past.
Note the following verse too:
“He created the heavens and the earth in true (proportions): He makes the Night overlap the Day, and the Day overlap the Night: He has subjected the sun and the moon (to His law): Each one follows a course for a time appointed. Is not He the Exalted in Power – He Who forgives again and again?” (Az-Zumar 39:5)
As mentioned above, “the overlapping of the night and day” signifies the rotation of the earth around its axis, as well as its revolution around the sun, making the alternation of night and day possible. The idea that “He has subjected the sun and the moon (to His Law)” does not mean that only the sun and the moon follow His Law. Every object or being follows His Law. But only the sun and moon are apparent in the context and are mentioned, that is all.
A person who knows modern astronomy may figure out several details of the rotation and revolution of the stars and planets that could be mentioned in this verse or other similar verses. But they are irrelevant to the intended meaning of the verses. Because, the Qur’an is not a book of astronomy, and the verses given here are enough for the context.
The Qur’an gives examples of the phenomena of nature that can serve to thinking humans as signs pointing to the majesty and sovereignty of the one and only Creator and Sustainer of the universe as in the following verse:
“Behold! in the creation of the heavens and the earth; in the alternation of the night and the day; in the sailing of the ships through the ocean for the profit of mankind; in the rain which Allah Sends down from the skies, and the life which He gives therewith to an earth that is dead; in the beasts of all kinds that He scatters through the earth; in the change of the winds, and the clouds which they Trail like their slaves between the sky and the earth;- (Here) indeed are Signs for a people that are wise.” (Al-Baqarah 2:164)
This verse as well as the two verses quoted above (35:13 and 39:5) are meant to evoke in thinking humans the contemplation of the Creator behind the varied and colorful phenomena of nature. Their purpose is more to inspire a moral and spiritual transformation in humans, than to motivate an aesthetic or scientific interest in them.
In conclusion, what you have raised does not refer to any ‘mistake’ in the Qur’an, but to a misunderstanding of the nature and purpose of the Qur’an.
Taken with slight editorial modifications from onislam.net.
Professor Shahul Hameed is a consultant to Ask About Islam. He was previously the Head of the Department of English, Farook College, Calicut University, India. He also held the position of president of the Kerala Islamic Mission, Calicut, India. Professor Shahul Hameed is the author of three books on Islam published in the Malayalam language. His books are on comparative religion, the status of women, and science and human values. Professor Shahul Hameed has published poems and articles in various magazines. He has also presented papers and given talks on topics related to Islam in several conferences and seminars.
By Dr. Ali Al-Halawani
A wise man is the man who avoids committing such sins and sinful deeds in anticipation of what has been prepared by Allah the Almighty for the obedient
The heart is one of the most amazing organs in the human body as well as bodies of all living creatures, be it an animal or a bird alike. Scientifically speaking, the heart is the organ that pumps blood throughout the body via the circulatory system. It supplies oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and remove carbon dioxide and other wastes. No one can stay alive without this vital and indispensable organ unless one is connected for some time to a life support system which is neither affordable nor available to everyone at large.
To describe the heart of man in a very brief way, one can say:
– It is a pear-shaped organ in the size of man’s fist. It weighs between 225 – 340 grams.
– The normal heart rate for adults is around 70 beats a minute. This means 4200 beats per hour, 100800 per day, and 36792000 per year.
– This means that if man lives for 60 years, this amazing heart will beat around 20207000000 unceasingly.
– The human heart has two sides. The right side of the heart pumps blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen. The left side of the heart receives the oxygen-rich blood from the lungs and pumps it to the body. It pumps around 22000 gallons of blood per day; this is 803000 gallons per year; this 481800000 gallons if the life average is 60 years; and this weighs around 345000 tons!
Now the question that begs answering is: can any other pump perform as such tedious and laborious work for such a long period without stopping or any need for amendment and repair?!
This is really amazing indeed. Allah the Almighty is the One Who created this heart and put into it all the necessary tools and internal organs that may help it do its job in a most perfect manner without any external support.
In addition, the heart is not only responsible for pumping the blood inside the human body; it has another function which is as important as this one. It is where faith in God lies. If the heart is sound and obedient to the Lord of all, its owner will be among those who prosper in this present life and the hereafter. Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) highlighted this in one of his hadiths that reads what may mean:
On the authority of an-Nu’man ibn Basheer (May Allah be pleased with him), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Peace and blessings be upon him) say, “That which is lawful is clear and that which is unlawful is clear, and between the two of them are doubtful matters about which many people do not know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters clears himself in regard to his religion and his honor, but he who falls into doubtful matters [eventually] falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, all but grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Truly in the body there is a morsel of flesh, which, if it be whole, all the body is whole, and which, if it is diseased, all of [the body] is diseased. Truly, it is the heart.” (Bukhari & Muslim)
In a similar vein, Allah the Almighty says in His Ever-Glorious Qur’an what may mean,
“The Day when there will not benefit [anyone] wealth or children. But only one who comes to Allah with a sound heart.” (Al-Shu’ara’ 26: 88-89)
So, one should try his best to come to Allah with a sound and whole unblemished heart. As nothing can be more harmful to the heart than committing sins and sinful deeds, a wise man is the man who avoids committing such sins and sinful deeds in anticipation of what has been prepared by Allah the Almighty for the obedient.
Dr. Ali Al-Halawani is Assistant Professor of Linguistics and Translation, Kulliyyah of Languages and Management (KLM), International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. He was Assistant Professor and worked for a number of international universities in Malaysia and Egypt such as Al-Madinah International University, Shah Alam, Malaysia (Mediu) and Misr University for Science & Technology (MUST), Egypt; Former Editor-in-Chief of the Electronic Da`wah Committee (EDC), Kuwait; Former Deputy Chief Editor and Managing Editor of the Living Shari`ah Department, www.islamOnline.net; Member of the International Union of Muslim Scholars (IUMS); and member of the World Association of Arab Translators & Linguists (Wata). He is a published writer, translator and researcher. You can reach him at [email protected].
By Truth Seeker Staff
Everything modern science has established about clouds and has to say about the causes of thunder and lightning is in complete accord with the descriptions in the Qur’an.
“… He sends down mountains from the sky with hail inside them, striking with it anyone He wills and averting it from anyone He wills. The brightness of His lightning almost blinds the sight.” (An-Nur 24:43)
The above verse refers to hail and lightning. When the formation of hail and lightning are examined, it can be seen that an important meteorological truth is being indicated in this verse. About the formation of lightning and hail, the book Meteorology Today says that a cloud becomes electrified as hail falls through a region in the cloud of supercooled droplets and ice crystals. Liquid droplets freeze and release latent heat as they collide with a hailstone.
This keeps the surface of the hailstone warmer than that of the surrounding ice crystals. An important phenomenon occurs when the hailstone comes in contact with an ice crystal: Electrons flow from the colder object toward the warmer one. In this way, the hailstone becomes negatively charged. This effect also occurs when supercooled droplets come in contact with a hailstone and small pieces of positively charged ice break off.
These particles, which are lighter and positively charged, are carried to the upper part of the cloud by currents of air. The hail has a negative charge now and falls towards the bottom of the cloud, thus the lower part of the cloud becomes negatively charged. These negative charges are then discharged as lightning. It may be concluded from this that hail is the main factor in the formation of lightning.1
In the following verse, however, attention is drawn to the link between rain clouds and lightning, and to the order of formation, information that parallels that discovered by science:
“Or [their likeness is] that of a storm-cloud in the sky, full of darkness, thunder and lightning. They put their fingers in their ears against the thunderclaps, fearful of death…” (Al-Baqarah 2:19)
Rain clouds are tremendous masses covering 20 to 260 square meters (10 to 100 square miles) and reaching great vertical heights of 9,000 to 12,000 meters (30,000 to 40,000 ft.). Due to these extraordinary dimensions, the lower part of these clouds is dark. It is impossible for the Sun’s rays to pass through them, because of the large quantities of water and ice particles they contain. Very little solar energy, therefore, reaches the Earth through the clouds, which is why the clouds appear dark to someone looking up at them.2
The stages of the formation of thunder and lightning after that darkness, mentioned in the verse, are as follows: An electrical charge forms inside the rain cloud. This comes about as a result of such processes as freezing, the division of raindrops and charge formation during contact. The accumulation of such electrical charges, when the air between becomes unable to insulate them, leads to a great spark, a discharge between the positive and negative fields. The voltage between two oppositely charged areas can reach 1 billion volts.
The spark can also form within the cloud, can cross between two clouds, from a positively charged area to a negative one, or be discharged from the cloud to the ground. These sparks form dazzling lightning strikes. This sudden increase in the electrical charge along the line of lightning causes intense heat (10,000 degrees Centigrade). As a result, there is a sudden expansion of the air, which in turn causes the loud noise associated with thunder.3
“The thunder glorifies His praise, as do the angels, out of fear of Him. He discharges the thunderbolts, striking with them anyone He wills. Yet still they argue about Allah when He is inexorable in His power!” (Ar-Ra`d 13:13)
As has been discussed, dark layers, followed by the electrically charged sparks known as lightning, and then the loud noise called thunder, form within a rain cloud. Everything modern science has established about clouds and has to say about the causes of thunder and lightning is in complete accord with the descriptions in the Qur’an.
1. C. Donald Ahrens, Meteorology Today: An Introduction to Weather, Climate and Environment, 3rd ed. (St. Paul: West Publishing Company: 1988), 437.
2. Athar Lila, “The Quran and Modern Physics,” 10 December 1998, http://webhome.idirect.com/~alila/Writings/Physics.htm.
Taken with slight editorial modifications from The Miracles of the Qur’an.
By Truth Seeker Staff
“He has only forbidden you carrion, blood and pork and what has been consecrated to other than Allah. But anyone who is forced to eat it-without desiring it or going to excess in it-commits no crime. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Al-Baqarah 2:173)
Eating pork is harmful to health in a great many regards. This harm still persists today, despite all the precautions that are taken. First and foremost, no matter how clean the farms and environments on which it is raised may be, the pig is not by nature a clean-living animal. It often plays in and even eats, its own excrement. Due to this and its biological structure, the pig produces much higher levels of antibodies in its body than other animals.
In addition, far higher levels of growth hormone are produced in the pig compared to those in other animals and human beings. Naturally, these high levels of antibodies and growth hormone pass across to and collect in the pig’s muscle tissue. Pork meat also contains high levels of cholesterol and lipids. It has been scientifically proven that these significant amounts of antibodies, hormones, cholesterol and lipids in pork represent a serious threat to human health.
The existence of above-average numbers of obese individuals in the populations of countries such as the USA and Germany, in which large quantities of pork are consumed, is now well-known. When exposed to excessive quantities of growth hormone as a result of a pork-based diet, the human body first puts on excessive weight and then suffers physical deformations.
Another harmful substance in pork is the “trichina” worm. This is frequently found in pork and when it enters the human body, it settles directly in the muscles of the heart and represents a possibly fatal threat. Even though it is now technically possible to identify pigs that are infected with trichina, no such methods were known in earlier centuries. That means that everyone who ate pork risked infection by trichina and possible death.
All these reasons are just a part of the wisdom in our Lord’s prohibition on the consumption of pork. Moreover, this commandment of our Lord’s provides complete protection from the harmful effects of pork under any conditions.
Until the 20th century, it was impossible to be aware of the danger posed to human health by pork. The fact that the Qur’an revealed fourteen centuries ago, warns against this harm which has been incontrovertibly revealed with modern medical equipment and biological tests, is one of the miracles demonstrating that the Qur’an is the revelation of Allah, the Omniscient.
Despite all the precautionary measures and inspections that take place in modern-day pig rearing, the fact that pork is physiologically incompatible with the human body and is a variety of meat harmful to human health has not altered.
Taken with slight editorial modifications from miracles of the Qur’an website.
By Truth Seeker Staff
High-nutrition milk is thus produced from blood, which cannot be consumed directly, and semi-digested food.
“There is instruction for you in cattle. From the contents of their bellies, from between the dung and blood, We give you pure milk to drink, easy for drinkers to swallow.” (An-Nahl 16:66)
“Say: ‘Who provides for you from the heavens and earth?’ Say: ‘Allah. It is certain that one or the other of us, either we or you, is following guidance or else clearly astray.’” (Saba’ 34:24)
The basic materials which allow the nourishment of the body come about as a result of chemical changes in the digestive system. These digested substances then pass through the wall of the intestine into the blood stream. Due to the circulation of the blood, the nutriments reach the relevant organs.
Like the other bodily tissues, the milk glands are nourished by nutriments brought to them by the blood. The blood therefore plays a most important role in the collection of nutriments from foodstuffs. Milk is secreted by the milk glands after all these stages and its nutritional values are particularly high.
Human beings are unable to directly consume either the half-digested food in an animal’s stomach or an animal’s blood. Furthermore, the direct consumption of these or any of their compounds can lead to severe illness, and even death. Thanks to the exceedingly complex biological systems He has created, Allah provides clean and healthy food for human beings from these fluids.
This is because it forms as a result of digested food being carried by the blood. High-nutrition milk is thus produced from blood, which cannot be consumed directly, and semi-digested food.
The formation of milk is by itself an enormous creation miracle. And it is another miracle altogether that such detailed information about that formation should be contained in the Qur’an.
As we have seen, the information about the biological formation of milk in Surat An-Nahl 16:66, is in great accordance with the facts established by modern science. It is quite clear that such information, requiring detailed knowledge of mammals’ digestive systems, could not have been known at the time when the Qur’an was revealed.
Taken with slight editorial modifications from Miracles of the Qur’an website.