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Moses, Jesus, Muhammad: Three Men, One Mission (1/7)

Moses, Jesus, Muhammad: Three Men, One Mission (1/7)

Moses, Jesus, Muhammad Three Men, One Mission

The three Abrahamic faiths, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, continue to influence world events millennia after Moses, Jesus and Muhammad walked upon the earth.

By: Dr Sahib Mustaqim Bleher

History is shaped by people, and inevitably some leave more of a mark than others. Amongst those standing out, the central figures of major world religions have had an impact far beyond their own followers. The three Abrahamic faiths, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, continue to influence world events millennia after Moses, Jesus and Muhammad walked upon the earth. Throughout their history, they have often been in competition and conflict, even at war. Their adherents often do not realize, therefore, that their key message was essentially the same.

This article is intended to briefly present their lives and works and show how they are following and adopting the same beliefs. Although this account of their history is supported by verses from the Qur’an and quotations from the Bible, it is not aimed at the believer in any specific religion. Rather, its purpose is to provide a better insight into the monotheistic world-view these three men subscribed to, and which has not lost any of its relevance in the world of today. The impact of those prophets was both religious and political. They called for belief and moral conduct, and by doing so often conflicted with the established order based on corrupt practices and oppression.

As the political realities differed from one period of time to another, so did the course of events in which the Prophets and their followers confronted the ruling elites of their time in an attempt to reform society. Yet, the underlying basis of their message, the motivating factors, and the high principles they espoused, were essentially shared by all of them. Moses (peace be upon him) Moses (Musa) lived at the time of a mighty tyrant ruler, the pharaoh, and rose from a member of the oppressed classes to a formidable antagonist, ultimately bringing down the whole edifice of arrogant power. He was ideally placed to play this role by having been brought up in the household of the pharaoh himself.

Almighty Allah says,

And the family of Pharaoh picked him up [out of the river] so that he would become to them an enemy and a [cause of] grief. Indeed, Pharaoh and Haman and their soldiers were deliberate sinners. (Al-Qasas 28:8)

Just as a Prophet’s work continues to leave an impact long after his departure from this world, his arrival is usually preceded by a period of high anticipation. Moses (peace be upon him) was not different in this respect: Tales of a savior of the oppressed Israelites were making the rounds in Egypt and grew so strong that the ruling class felt the need to take precautionary measures. To prevent the birth of this champion of the people they had enslaved, the pharaoh ordered that every newborn male child would be put to death during the year his arrival was foretold, leaving only the female babies alive.

Indeed, Pharaoh exalted himself in the land and made its people into factions, oppressing a sector among them, slaughtering their [newborn] sons and keeping their females alive. Indeed, he was of the corrupters. (Al-Qasas 28:4)

Fearing for the life of her son, Moses’ mother, put him into a basket and let him drift on the river to be found by a member of pharaoh’s family, as intended by Divine Decree.

And We inspired to the mother of Moses, “Suckle him; but when you fear for him, cast him into the river and do not fear and do not grieve. Indeed, We will return him to you and will make him [one] of the messengers.” (Al-Qasas 28:7)

Not only was Moses (peace be upon him) reared and nurtured in the household of his future enemy, but to console his mother, she was even employed as a wet nurse when nobody else suitable could be found.

And We had prevented from him [all] wet nurses before, so she said, “Shall I direct you to a household that will be responsible for him for you while they are to him [for his upbringing] sincere?” So We restored him to his mother that she might be content and not grieve and that she would know that the promise of Allah is true. But most of the people do not know.  (Al-Qasas 28: 12-13)



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A Comparison between Jesus and Muhammad

A Comparison between Jesus and Muhammad

Jesus and Muhammad

The Qur’an states one of the important features of Jesus’ mission was to give the “bashir” or ‘glad tidings’ of the coming of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

“The Comforter, the Spirit of Truth, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said unto you.” [Bible – John 14:26]

And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, “O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad.” (Al-Saff 61:6)

The chief priests and Levites asked John the Baptist, “If you are not the Christ (Messiah), and not Elijah – are you that Prophet?” [Bible – John 1:20]

When the chief priests and Levites asked John the Baptist who he was, they asked him in a very strange way. First they questioned him as to whether or not he was the anticipated “Messiah” [Christ in Koine Greek]. He was not the “Messiah” that had been hoped for. Next they asked if he was the prophet Elijah and again he tells them, “No.” Now comes the really strange part. Finally, they asked him if he is “That Prophet?”

Are you Christ? – [No]

Are you Elijah? – [No]

Are you that Prophet? – [No]

What did they mean by “That Prophet?” We of course, know who the “Christ” is. After all, Christians should know that “Christ” is merely a shortened form of the Koine Greek word “christos,” intended to mean the Hebrew word “Messiah.”

The Jews of two thousand years ago were definitely looking for the Messiah, who it was foretold in their books, would come and lead them to victory over their oppressors and thus gain for them mastery over this world. They were much oppressed under Roman domination and even their own Jewish kings were seen as nothing more than puppets or agents for the disbelievers. Certainly, they would have been most happy to see someone come on the scene who would defeat their Roman masters and slave drivers.

Then, the priests and Levites asked John the Baptist if he might be the prophet Elijah, returning back after hundreds of years being away. There was the notion amongst them that Elijah would come back. But again, John the Baptist is denying he is Elijah.

Then, who is he? They wonder at this man living out in the desert and forsaking wealth and luxury and fasting, avoiding the material attractions of life.

Again, they ask John the Baptist who he is. “Are you that Prophet?” And one more time he denies being “that Prophet,” but then he does tell them about someone who will come after him soon, whom he claims he is not worthy to even unlace his shoes.

However, this does not answer the question, “Who were they expecting besides the Messiah?” Could it be that they were looking for someone like Muhammad? (Could be)

Who is that Prophet?

Keep reading and learn who “that Prophet” is and what other proofs can be discovered within the Holy texts to support this idea.

The Qur’an states one of the important features of Jesus’ mission was to give the “bashir” or ‘glad tidings’ of the coming of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). During his short missionary career that lasted not more than three years, and which was overshadowed by the hostile attitude of his own people, Jesus (peace be upon him) gave them the good news of Ahmad, (one of the forms of “Muhammad”) the last messenger of Allah (glory be to Him), who would perfect the divine teaching both in theory and in practice. The Qur’an mentions that, Jesus says:

And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, “O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad.” (Al-Saff 61:6)

The Qur’an gives the name as Ahmad, one of several ways to say Muhammad’s name. Just as we have in English the name Joseph, and often use a shorter form such as “Joe” or the familiar form, “Joey,” and other names like “Jonathan” which becomes “John”; “Jack” or “Johnny”, so in the same way we find Arabic has similar forms for a name. Muhammad, Ahmad and Hamad are a few of the names originating from the root word, “hamd” (meaning ‘praise’) in Arabic, and can be understood as “The one who praises (God)”; “the praised one”; “praising”; etc.

`Abdullah Yusuf `Ali in his translation of the meanings of the Qur’an to English, he states, “Ahmad or Muhammad, the praised one, is a translation of the Koine Greek word Periclytos. In the present gospel of John 14:16, 15:26 and 16:7, the Greek word Paracletos is translated in the NIV as Comforter. Paracletos can mean an advocate, or “one called to the help of another”, “a kind friend.” Muhammad (peace be upon him) was known from birth as one who brought comfort and reconciliation to family, friends and strangers alike, especially in bringing together the ties of kinship and brotherly love.

Another nick name of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) mentioned in the Bible (or at least what is left of it in the English language) is “The Spirit of Truth.” As-Saddiq means exactly that and it is was another name given to Muhammad (peace be upon him) by those who knew his proclivity for honesty and integrity.

The New Testament Gospel according to John, Jesus (peace be upon him), promises them the Paracletos will come four times (John 14:16; 14:26; 15:26; 16:7). Naturally, Jesus (peace be upon him), did not return in their lifetime nor did any other prophet for that matter, so later thinkers came up with the notion that it was not Jesus “in person” but rather, Jesus coming back in “spirit form.” This led some Christians to assert, this was to be the Holy Spirit, who would descend upon the disciples on the Day of the Pentecost (Acts 2), to witness Christ and lead them into the whole truth and to be with the believers forever, and they would not die (John 3:16), but have everlasting life. Also, some added verses later (see footnotes to Revised Standard Version of the Bible) to the very last chapter of Mark (16), wherein, they have the Spirit coming upon them in such a way they imagined themselves going to be able to speak with new languages; pick up snakes, lay hands on the sick to cure them and even drink poison and nothing would hurt them. [Luke 23:17-18]

Another point is, the Paracletos, comforter or the Spirit of truth, was going to dwell with us from now on. Certainly anyone could see Muhammad’s influence and his message of worshipping only One God without any partners has prevailed long after his earthly life.



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What Are the Rights of Jesus upon Muslims?

What Are the Rights of Jesus upon Muslims

Jesus, in Islam, is one of the chosen five Messengers of God who are called Ulu Al-`Azm (the Messengers with strong determination).

In Christianity, Jesus is the Son of God and the awaited Messiah whom Christians adore and glorify. The majority of Christians worship Jesus as the incarnation of God the Son, the second of three persons of a Divine Trinity. For Muslims, Jesus is one of the Messengers of God whom Allah has sent to guide people to His way in light of what is revealed from God upon him.

Jesus, in Islam, is one of the chosen five Messengers of God (peace be upon them) who are called Ulu Al-`Azm (the Messengers with strong determination). They excel other Prophets and Messengers due to their unyielding determination, constant efforts, untiring perseverance and great patience in calling people to the worship of God. The Qur’an commended their patience by asking the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to be patient while calling people to Islam as these Messengers have been, saying:

So (endure) patiently, as the Messengers endowed with resolve (endured) patiently. (Al-Ahqaf 46:35)

The Qur’an stressed the high standing of Jesus (peace be upon him) among other Messengers of Allah as it reads,

Those are the Messengers; We have graced some of them over some others; of them (there are some) to whom Allah spoke, and some He raised in degrees. And We brought Isa son of Maryam (Jesus son of Mary) the supreme evidences and aided him with the Spirit of Holiness. (The Angel Jibril) (Al-Baqarah 2:253)

Many times the Qur’an highlights his excellence along with his mother (peace be upon her). God says regarding Jesus (peace be upon him):

As the Angels said, “O Maryam, (Mary) surely Allah gives you good tidings of a Word from Him whose name is the Messiah `Isa (Jesus) son of Maryam, esteemed in the present (life) and the Hereafter, and one of the near -stationed (i.e., stationed near to’ Allah). (Aal `Imran 3:45)

And concerning Jesus’s mother, God says,

And as the Angels said, “O Maryam, (Mary) surely Allah has elected you and purified you and has elected you over the women of the worlds. (Aal `Imran 3:42)

In this article, we will try to go into some of the rights of Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him) upon us, as Muslims, in light of the verses of the Glorious Qur’an and the authentic Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

Rights of Jesus upon Muslims

  • To believe in Him as a Messenger of God:

A Muslim has to believe in Jesus as one of the blessed Messengers of God (peace be upon them) whom Allah has entrusted with the mission of conveying His guidance to people. It is an essential part of the Islamic creed to have faith in the whole messengers and Prophets without this faith Islam is unaccepted. The Qur’an states,

Say, [O believers], “We have believed in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.” (Al-Baqarah 2:136)

Denying the Prophethood of anyone of them is an act of disbelief that rules a Muslim out of the fold of Islam. A Muslim cannot but to willfully and equally have faith in the whole Messengers of God whether they are mentioned in the Qur’an or not, including Jesus (peace be upon him). The Qur’an reads,

Surely the ones who disbelieve in Allah and His Messengers and would make a distinction between Allah and His Messengers, and say, “We believe in some, and disbelieve in some (others),” and would take to themselves a way in-between. Those are the disbelievers, truly. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment. (An-Nisaa’ 4:150-151)

`Umar ibn Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Faith is to believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in divine destiny, both in its good and in its evil aspects.” (Muslim)

  • To send peace and blessings upon him:

Just as the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), whenever Jesus (peace be upon him) is pointed out to, a Muslim has to send peace and blessings upon him. It is narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Send peace and blessings upon the Prophets and Messengers of Allah, for He (Allah) has sent them (to people) as He (Glory be to Him) sent me.” (Musannaf `Abdur-Razzaq and authenticated by Al-Albany) This special honor is only given to the Messengers of God, including Jesus, in view of the sublime mission they were entrusted with and the unbearable efforts they have done for the sake God, guiding people to the way of their Creator, the Almighty God (Glory be to Him).

  • To believe in his filiation to Maryam (Mary)

A Muslim is commanded to have faith in Jesus as a son of Maryam and that Allah has created him without a father. He was created miraculously in the womb of his mother Maryam as a kind of God’s absolute Omnipotence (Glory be to Him). Those who accused Jesus mother with adultery are not less bad than those who attributed the sonship of Jesus to Almighty Allah; both of them are equally mistaken. The truth is that Jesus, just as Adam, was created without a father whereas Adam was created without a father or a mother. The Qur’an tells us that Jesus was created as an embryo by a blow in Mary’s womb. In the Qur’an, we read:

And [the example of] Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity, so We blew into [her garment] through Our angel, and she believed in the words of her Lord and His scriptures and was of the devoutly obedient. (At-Tahrim 66:12)

It is noteworthy that, by the same blow as Jesus’, all mankind was created in the first place. In the Qur’an, we read the following verses:

And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, “I will create a human being out of clay from an altered black mud. And when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My [created] soul, then fall down to him in prostration.” (Al-Hijr 15:29)

  • To love and revere him

A Muslim is commanded to love and revere all the Prophets of God (peace be upon them) equally. The Messengers of God show all the good characters and they are preserved by God from committing any violation. A Muslim has to love them and respect them without any discrimination between them. Love for the sake of Allah is one of the most fundamentals of faith as it is reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The most tied bond of faith are love for Allah and hate for Allah.” (Ahmed) We can glimpse the Prophet Muhammad’s reverence and love of the Messengers of God, especially Jesus, in the hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah who said, “The Messenger of Allah said, ‘I am the most close to Jesus, son of Mary, from among the whole of mankind in this worldly life and the next life.’ ‘They said: Allah’s Messenger how is it?’ Thereupon he said: ‘Prophets are brothers in faith, having different mothers. Their religion is, however, one, and there is no Prophet between us (between me and Jesus Christ).” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) As Muslims, we have but to follow the Prophet’s example by loving and revering all the Prophets of Allah, especially Jesus (peace be upon him). Allah the Almighty has warned against showing any sort of antagonism or hatred towards His Prophets, maintaining that doing so is initially an antagonism towards God Himself which involves disbelief. The Qur’an reads,

Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His Angels and His Messengers, and Jibril and Mikal, (Angle Gabriel and Michael, respectively) then surely Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers.” (Al-Baqarah 2:98)

  • To admit his superiority

Muslims believe that the Prophets of God are the most chosen ones whom Allah has favored upon other people. The Messengers of God are blessed with the honor of Prophethood which is the ever greatest honor. Almighty Allah says,

Allah elects of the angels Messengers and of mankind; (Messengers); surely Allah is Ever-Hearing, Ever-Beholding. (Al-Hajj 22:75)

No one can reach the status of Messengers of Allah whatever he has done.

  • The belief in the devoutness and excellence of his mother Maryam

Abu Musa narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Many a man achieved perfection, but no woman achieved perfection except for Maryam (Mary), the daughter of `Imran, and Asiyah, the wife of Fir`awn (Pharaoh)…” (At-Tirmidhi) Maryam, the mother of Jesus is one of the most honored and nominated figures in Islam. A full chapter in the Qur’an was named after her, the chapter of Maryam. Also, her story and status have been repeated numerously in the Qur’an, such as in the chapters of Aal `Imran and Al-Anbiyaa’. Muslims love and respect Lady Maryam so much and choose her name for their daughters, including the writer of this article. We all, Muslims, love Maryam and raise her far above any kind of accusation against her chastity and dignity. Almighty Allah says,

And Maryam (Mary) daughter of Imran, who kept safe her private parts, (i.e., safeguarded) so We breathed in it of Our Spirit, and she sincerely (believed) in the Words of her Lord, and His Books; and she was one of the devout. (At-Tahrim 66:12)

And [mention] when the angels said, “O Mary, indeed Allah has chosen you and purified you and chosen you above the women of the worlds. (Aal `Imran 3:42)

These are some of the rights of Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him) upon every Muslim.

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Jesus in Islam

Jesus in Islam

John 5:30

Jesus preached the same message that the prophets in the Old Testament preached: “the Lord our God, the Lord is one.’’

Jesus is a figure who is loved and revered by billions of people the world over. Yet there is so much confusion surrounding the status of this colossal personality. Muslims and Christians both hold Jesus in high regard but view him in very different ways.

The questions raised in this article aim to get to the heart of the issues surrounding Jesus: Was Jesus God? Or was he sent by God? Who was the real historical Jesus?

Some ambiguous verses of the Bible can be applied erroneously to show that Jesus is in some way divine. But if we look at the clear, direct verses of the Bible, we see again and again that Jesus is being referred to as an extraordinary human being and nothing more. What emerges, when we consider the historical and logical facts about Jesus’ life, is conclusive proof not only that Jesus cannot be God, but that he never claimed to be either.

What follows are five lines of reasoning which clarify this subject for us through the Bible itself and thereby allow us to discover the real Jesus.

1- Jesus Never Calls Himself God

The Bible contains many verses in which Jesus speaks of God as a separate person to himself. Here are just a few of them:

When a man addressed Jesus as “Good Teacher”, he replied “Why do you call me good? No one is good except the one God.’’ (Mark 10:18)

In another instance he says: “I can’t do anything by myself. Whatever I hear, I judge, and my judgment is just. I don’t seek my own will but the will of the one who sent me.” (John 5:30)

Jesus speaks of God as a separate being to himself: “I’m going up to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.” (John 20:17)

In this verse he affirms that he was sent by God: “This is eternal life: to know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you sent.” (John 17:3)

If Jesus was God he would have told people to worship him, but he did the opposite and disapproved anyone worshipping him: “And in vain they worship Me.” (Matthew 15:90)

If Jesus claimed to be God than there should be hundreds of verses in the Bible which would have mentioned it. But there is not a single verse in the entire Bible in which Jesus says I am God, worship me.

2- Jesus as Son and Lord?

Jesus is sometimes referred to as ‘Lord’ in the Bible and at other times as ‘Son of God’. God is called the ‘Father’, so putting these names together it could be claimed that Jesus is the son of God. But if we look at each of these titles in context we will find that they are symbolic and not to be taken literally.

‘Son of God’ is a term used in ancient Hebrew for a righteous person. God calls Israel his ‘son’: “This is what the LORD says: Israel is my oldest son.” (Exodus 4:22) Also, David is called the ‘Son of God’: “The LORD has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have begotten You.’” (Psalm 2:7)

In fact anyone who is righteous is referred to as God’s ‘son’: “All who are led by God’s Spirit are God’s sons and daughters.” (Romans 8:14)

In the same way, when the word ‘Father’ is used to refer to God it shouldn’t be taken literally. Instead it’s a way of saying God is the Creator, Sustainer, Cherisher etc. There are many verses for us to understand this symbolic meaning of the word ‘Father’, for example: “one God and Father of all.” (Ephesians 4:6)

Jesus is sometimes called ‘Lord’ by the disciples. ‘Lord’ is a term used for God and also for people who are held in high esteem. There are many examples of the word ‘Lord’ being used for people in the Bible: “So they (Joseph’s brothers) went up to Joseph’s steward and spoke to him at the entrance to the house. “We beg your pardon, our lord,” they said.” (Genesis 43:19, 20)

Also, in other parts of the Bible, Jesus is even called a ‘servant’ of God by the disciples: “the God of our fathers, has glorified his servant Jesus.” (Acts 3:13)

This clearly shows that when ‘Lord’ is used to refer to Jesus, it is a title of respect not of divinity.

3- The Nature of Jesus

The nature of Jesus was totally different to that of God. There are many parts of the Bible that highlight this difference in nature:

God is All-Knowing but Jesus by his own admission was not All-Knowing. This can be seen in the following passage when Jesus says “But nobody knows when that day or hour will come, not the heavenly angels and not the Son. Only the Father knows.” (Matthew 24:36)

God is independent and he doesn’t need sleep, food or water. Jesus however ate, drank, slept and depended on God: “As the living Father sent me, and I live because of the Father.” (John 6:57)

Another sign of Jesus’ dependence on God is that he prayed to God: “Going a little farther, he (Jesus) fell with his face to the ground and prayed.” (Matthew 26:39)

This shows that Jesus himself sought help from God. God, being the One Who answers prayers does not need to pray to anyone. Also, Jesus said: “I am going to the Father, because the Father is greater than me.” (John 14:28)

The Bible is clear that God is unseen and is not a man: “for no one may see me and live.” (Exodus 33:20), “God is not a man” (Numbers 23:19)

Jesus, on the other hand, was a man who was seen by thousands of people, so could not be God.

Furthermore, the Bible makes it clear that God is too great to be inside his creation: “But how could God possibly live on earth with people? If heaven, even the highest heaven, can’t contain you.” (2 Chronicles 6:18). According to this verse Jesus cannot be God living on the earth.

Also the Bible calls Jesus a Prophet (Matthew 21:10-11), so how could Jesus be God and be God’s Prophet at the same time? That wouldn’t make sense.

Additionally the Bible informs us that God does not change: “I the Lord do not change.” (Malachi 3:6) Jesus however went through many changes in his life such as age, height, weight etc.

These are just some of the proofs within the Bible, which make it clear that the nature of Jesus and God is completely different. Some people may claim that Jesus had both a human and a divine nature. This is a claim that Jesus never made, and is in clear contradiction to the Bible which maintains that God has one nature.

4- The Message of Jesus

The Prophets of the Old Testament such as Abraham, Noah and Jonah never preached that God is part of a Trinity, and did not believe in Jesus as their savior. Their message was simple: there is One God and He alone deserves your worship. It doesn’t make sense that God sent prophets for thousands of years with the same essential message, and then all of a sudden he says he is in a Trinity and that you must believe in Jesus to be saved.

The truth is that Jesus preached the same message that the prophets in the Old Testament preached. There is a passage in the Bible which really emphasizes his core message. “A man came to Jesus and asked “Which is the first commandment of all?” Jesus answered, “The first of all the commandments is: Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one.’’’ (Mark 12:28, 29)

So the greatest commandment, the most important belief according to Jesus is that God is One. If Jesus was God he would have said ‘I am God, worship me’, but he didn’t. He merely repeated a verse from the Old Testament confirming that God is One.

Some people claim that Jesus came to die for the sins of the world. But consider the following statement of Jesus: “This is eternal life: to know You, the Only True God, and Jesus Christ whom You sent. I have glorified You on earth by finishing the work You gave me to do.” (John 17:3, 4)

Jesus said this before he was caught and taken to be crucified. It is clear from this verse that Jesus did not come to die for the sins of the world, as he finished the work God gave him before he was taken to be crucified.

Also Jesus said: “salvation is of the Jews”. (John 4:22)

So we don’t need to believe in the Trinity or that Jesus died for our sins to attain salvation since the Jews don’t have these beliefs.

5- The Early Christians

Historically there were many sects in early Christianity who had a range of beliefs regarding Jesus. (1) Some believed Jesus was God, others believed Jesus was not God but partly divine, and yet others believed he was a human being and nothing more.

Trinitarian Christianity which is the belief that God, Jesus and the Holy Spirit are one in three persons became the dominant sect of Christianity, once it was formalized as the state religion of the Roman Empire in the 4th Century. Christians who denied Jesus being God were persecuted by the Roman Authorities. (2)

From this point onwards the Trinitarian belief became widespread amongst Christians. There were various movements in early Christianity which denied the Trinity, among the more well known of them is Adoptionism and Arianism.

Dr Jerald Dirks who is an expert on early Christianity had this to say on the subject: Early Christianity was quite conflicted about the issue of the nature of Jesus. The various Adoptionist positions within early Christianity were numerous and at times dominate.

One can even speculate that Arian and Nestorian Christianity might well be an extremely sizable source within Christianity today, if it were not for the fact that these two branches of Christianity, which were located primarily in the middle east and in North Africa were so similar to the Islamic teaching regarding the nature of Jesus that they quite naturally were absorbed into Islam at the beginning of the seventh century.” (3)

Since there were so many sects in early Christianity, each with different beliefs about Jesus and with their own versions of the Bible, which one can we say was following the true teachings of Jesus?

It doesn’t make sense that God sends countless Prophets like Noah, Abraham and Moses (peace be upon them) to tell people to believe in one God, and then suddenly sends a radically different message of the Trinity which contradicts his previous Prophets teachings.

It is clear that the sect of Christianity who believed Jesus to be a human Prophet and nothing more, were following the true teachings of Jesus. This is because their concept of God is the same as that which was taught by the Prophets in the Old Testament.

Jesus in Islam

The Islamic belief about Jesus demystifies for us who the real Jesus was. Jesus in Islam was an extraordinary individual, chosen by God as a Prophet and sent to the Jewish people. He never preached that he himself was God or the actual son of God. He was miraculously born without a father, and he performed many amazing miracles such as healing the blind and the lepers and raising the dead – all by God’s permission.

Muslims believe that Jesus will return before the Day of Judgment to bring justice and peace to the world. This Islamic belief about Jesus is similar to the belief of some of the early Christians. In the Qur’an, God addresses the Christians about Jesus in the following way:

O People of the Book, do not commit excesses in your religion, and do not say anything about God except the truth: the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, was nothing more than a messenger of God, His word, directed to Mary and a spirit from Him. So believe in God and His Messengers and do not speak of a ‘Trinity’– stop (this), that is better for you– God is only one God, He is far above having a son, everything in the heavens and earth belongs to Him and He is the best one to trust. (An-Nisaa’ 4:171)

Since it has clearly been shown that Jesus is not God both according to the Bible and for historical and rational reasons – what is the next step for you?

We invite you to look further and investigate Islam. Islam is not just another religion. It is the same message preached by Moses, Jesus and Abraham. Islam literally means ‘submission to God’ and it teaches us to have a direct relationship with God.

It reminds us that since God created us, no one should be worshipped except God alone. It also teaches that God is nothing like a human being or like anything that we can imagine. The concept of God is summarized in the Qur’an as:

Say, He is God, the One. God, the Absolute. He does not give birth, nor was He born, and there is nothing like Him. (Al-Ikhlas 112:1-4)

Here we should know that God is not male or female, the word ‘Him’ when used for God does not refer to gender.

Becoming a Muslim is not changing or losing your Christian identity. But it’s going back to the original teachings of Jesus. Guidance ultimately comes from God.

We ask God to guide us and you. May God’s peace and blessing be upon you for the rest of your days.




(1) John Evans, History of All Christian Sects and Denominations, ISBN: 0559228791
(2) C.N.Kolitsas, The Life and Times of Constantine the Great, ISBN: 1419660411
(3) Excerpt from ‘Islamic Trajectories in Early Christianity’ by Dr Jerald Dirks

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I Love Jesus because I am Muslim

I Love Jesus because I am Muslim

Christians believe that Jesus was resurrected three days after his crucifixion. Christians celebrate this resurrection on Easter Day or Easter Sunday. Prophet Jesus is a key figure in the Muslim creed. He is held in Islam with high esteem as a messenger and prophet from God.

On the occasion of Easter, we invite you to know how Muslims view Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him)

Muslims’ belief must be grounded in the two essential sources of the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him).

One of the beauties of Islam is that people are continually exhorted to search for the truth and ponder upon the many questions of existence in order to strengthen their faith.

Muslims believe that Jesus was a prophet of God. He belonged to a long line of prophets, calling people throughout history to the worship of One God. These include such names as Abraham, Moses, David, and Solomon (peace be upon them all) and, like them, he is revered and honored by all Muslims. Whenever they mention the name of Jesus, Muslims will always say, “Peace be upon him.”
Like the accounts in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, the Quran shows that Jesus’ birth was miraculous, but this does not make him a god.

Not only did Jesus have a miraculous birth, but the Quran also tells us that he was born of a virgin mother and that he spoke in the cradle, that he performed miracles, and that he did not die on the cross, nor was he raised back to life after three days.

The Qur’an is quite clear that Jesus was a great prophet, but he was no more than that. So, Jesus (peace be upon him) was a man. He was a truly great man, a prophet, but he was no more than a man. Jesus was not a god. He had a human mother, Mary, and they both ate food in order to live. He did not die on the cross, nor was he raised to life after three days, but he was a man. One of the greatest men, yes. A man with very special gifts, yes. A man whom we revere as a great prophet, yes, but not a god. There is no God but Allah.

 In summary of all this, the Qur’an tells us what God will say to Jesus in the Last Day, when He Almighty calls all people to Himself:  

{And behold! God will say [on the Day of Judgment]: “Oh Jesus, the son of Mary! Did you say unto men, worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of God?” He will say: “Glory to Thee! Never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, You would indeed have known it. You know what is in my heart, though I know not what is in Yours. For You know in full all that is hidden. Never did I say to them anything except what You commanded me to say: ‘Worship God, my Lord and your Lord.’ And I was a witness over them while I lived among them. When You took me up, You were the Watcher over them, and You are a witness to all things.”} (Al-Ma’idah 5:116-11)

Watch this video to see how Muslims love Prophet Jesus.


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Dear Christian, Jesus Didn’t Die for You

Dear Christian, Jesus Didn’t Die for You

By Editorial Staff

Man is brought into this life for a big test; either to pursue an upright or aberrant way of life. Then, it is in the Hereafter that everyone will be held accountable for their actions. Everyone will be either punished or rewarded for what he had done and no one will be punished or rewarded in place of another. This is the perfect fairness and justice. The Qur’an confirmed this principle as it reads,

Say, “Is it other than Allah I should desire as a lord while He is the Lord of all things? And every soul earns not [blame] except against itself, and no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. Then to your Lord is your return, and He will inform you concerning that over which you used to differ.” (Al-An`am 6:164)

So, Muslims believe that they will be compensated in the Hereafter everyone for their own deeds, without any discrimination whatsoever. Even animals will be requited for their own actions on the Day of Judgment, to perfect the process of justice amongst all creatures. Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Rights will be given to their due, such that the hornless sheep would get its claim from the horned sheep.” (At-Tirmidhi)

Therefore, it a clear fault to believe that someone can take the place of anyone else for their actions before God, the Creator. There will be neither injustice nor favoritism. It is also a kind of mistake to believe that someone has sacrificed himself for others to bear their sins if they believe in him. This is illogical and unfair. Neither Jesus nor Muhammad nor anyone else can bear the retributions of anyone nor can anyone forgive others except God who is the All-Just. Yet, Jesus himself just as everyone else will be brought on the day of resurrection to stand for accountability each one for himself alone.

The topic of the below video is a discussion of the creed of Redemption in Christianity. Enjoy watching this episode from the DeenShow which hosts Dr. Laurance Brown to talk about the issue of Crucifixion of Jesus and the belief of Redemption. Dr. Brown sheds light on the Islamic consideration of Jesus and his message and sheds light on the misguided Christian beliefs about Jesus and his crucifixion.


Source: Published with kind permission from the DeenShow Youtube Channel

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