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Does Islam Command Tolerance towards Non-Muslims?

Does Islam Command Tolerance towards Non-Muslims?

By Yasir Tag Ad-Din Hamed

Translated by the Editorial Team                                                      

Tolerance towards Non-Muslims

Does Islam Command Tolerance towards Non-Muslims?Islam has taken into account the tolerance towards people from other religions. Almighty God says:

Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes – from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly. (Al-Mumtahanah 60:8)

The verse tells us how Islam distinguishes between those who fight against it and others who do not, as it commands good treatment to the last ones.

Protection of Non-Muslim

Moreover, Islam has stressed the protection of the Christians, Jews and everyone under the protection of the Muslim country and allowed them to practice their rituals freely.

This good treatment has been reiterated in many places of the Quran and hadith as well as the conduct of Muslim leaders throughout the Islamic history.

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Beware, if anyone wrongs a Mu`ahid (a person who is granted the pledge of protection by the Muslims), or diminishes his right, or forces him to work beyond his capacity, or takes from him anything without his consent, I shall plead for him on the Day of Judgment.” (Abu Dawud)

Prophet Muhammad’s Tolerance Towards the People of Makkah

In the conquest of Makkah, the the masters of its people were brought to Prophet Muhammad. He said to the Makkans, “What do you think I will do with you?” They said, “You are a noble brother and son of a noble brother.” He said to them his well-known statement, “Go! You are free.”

The same action happened again at the time of the second Caliph, Umar ibn Al-Khattab while conquering Jerusalem. He signed a document between him and the people of the city, as the pastor Colin Chapman quoted a part of it in his book Whose Holy City?: Jerusalem and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict.

It reads,

“In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, this is a guarantee granted to residents of “Elijah” by Allah’s slave `Umar. He guarantees them and their goods, churches, crosses and their worship in general. Their churches should neither be confiscated nor destroyed. There will be no restrictions upon them in matters of their religion and none of them will be subjected to any harassment.”

The view of the Jews to this document is recorded by the historian Angelus Rapoport in his book Histoire de Palestine (The history of Palestine) as he said:

“We must recognize that such a declaration, at the beginning of the Middle Ages, which all Islamic armies have been committed to is full of equity indeed. It breathes fairness and tolerance. Actually, none of the Byzantium emperors or the bishops of the church never expressed similar feelings, even in the name of the one who invited them to the religion of love. The document of the Caliph `Umar was enough to cause a profound impact, not only in the spirit of the Jews, but also in the spirit of the Christians of Syria and Palestine. Some of those people were suffering from injustice and tyranny. Others suffered from the oppression of the state church if concealing beliefs that differed from the church’s course, not to mention the high taxes upon everyone in the country.”

Salah Ad-Din Recovered the City of Jerusalem

The same situation comes once again with Jerusalem, but this time with Salah Ad-Din (Saladin), the Muslim leader who set it free from the occupation of the Crusaders. James Reston briefly relates to us the way in which Salah Ad-Din recovered the city of Jerusalem. He says:

“By the ideal behavior when they took over the reign of Jerusalem in the year 1187, Salah Ad-Din gained abundant praise for being a wise leader, especially when compared with the mass destruction and chaos that the first Crusaders made at their invasion of this city in 1099. His protection of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher and other Christian holy sites, and his tolerance with other religions remained stuck in the minds of people for long time. It seems that his works defined what is meant to be a good Muslim; his pardoning of the enemies and other acts of goodness he did which kept for him an endless good reputation for his humanity and wisdom.”

In this regard, Sir Thomas Arnold in his book The Preaching of Islam says:

“In view of the toleration thus extended to their Christian subjects in the early period of the Muslim rule, the common hypothesis of the sword as the factor of conversion seems hardly satisfactory, and we are compelled to seek for other motives than that of persecution.”  He added, “But of any organized attempt to force the acceptance of Islam on the non-Muslim population, or of any systematic persecution intended to stamp out the Christian religion, we hear nothing. Had the caliphs chosen to adopt either course of action, they might have swept away Christianity as easily as Ferdinand and Isabella drove Islam out of Spain, or Louis XIV made Protestantism penal in France, or the Jews were kept out of England for 350 years. The Eastern Churches in Asia were entirely cut off from communion with the rest of Christendom, throughout which no one would have been found to lift a finger on their behalf, as heretical communions. So that the very survival of these Churches to the present day is a strong proof of the generally tolerant attitude of the Muhammadan governments towards them.”

Thus, these testimonials of non-Muslims continue to prove the advantages of Islam and refute the claims that others try to falsely disseminate about it. Islam’s tolerance non-Muslims is unquestionable. There is no compulsion whatsoever in the Islamic faith or worship or any part of it.

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Source: Taken with modifications from www.alukah.com.

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What Does the Quran Say About Prophet Muhammad’s Manners?

What Does the Quran Say About Prophet Muhammad’s Manners?

By Dr. Mohsen Haredy

What Does the Quran Say About Prophet Muhammad's Manners?Muslims believe that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was sent to perfect the morals and manners. It is quote odd to call people to good manners without embodying these manners in your daily life. This is what Prophet Muhammad did. Muslims believe that Prophet Muhammad enjoyed the best manners and he was a model for all humanity to follow.

We read in the Quran, which Muslims believe to be the final word of Allah (God), what means:

There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allah often. (Al-Ahzab 33:21)

The Quran praises Prophet Muhammad’s manners. We read in the Quran what means: “And indeed, you are of a great moral character.” (Al-Qalam 84:4)

When asked about Prophet Muhammad’s manners, Lady Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: “His character was the Quran.” 

This means that the Quran itself is all about good manners. The Quran has references to a set of morals that aim at building a stable society.

The Quran condemns bad manner such as telling lies, backbiting, breaking oaths, taking bribes, spreading gossip, harming others, making fun of others, deceiving others, etc.

Let’s explore Prophet Muhammad’s manners as reflected in the Quran.

Prophet Muhammad’s Self-Purification

Allah says:

It is He who has sent among the unlettered a Messenger from themselves reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom, although they were before in clear error. (Al-Jumuah 62:2)

Purifying the unlettered means purifying their souls and calling them to good manners. The one who was sent to purify them, he himself practiced self-purification.

We read in another verse: He has succeeded who purifies it. (Ash-Shams 91:9)

About self-purification, Imam Al-Ghazzali says, “It is complementing the human self through suppressing its baser instincts and releasing its higher characteristics.”

Prophet Muhammad’s Mercy

Allah says:

So, by mercy from Allah, [O Muhammad], you were lenient with them. And if you had been rude [in speech] and harsh in heart, they would have disbanded from about you. So, pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult them in the matter. And when you have decided, then rely upon Allah. Indeed, Allah loves those who rely [upon Him]. (Aal Imran 3:159)

Here Prophet Muhammad is characterized with mercy and leniency towards all people.

Prophet Muhammad’s Concern for Muslims

Allah says:

There has certainly come to you a Messenger from among yourselves. Grievous to him is what you suffer; [he is] concerned over you and to the believers is kind and merciful. (At-Tawbah 9:128)

Prophet Muhammad’s Shyness

Allah says:

O you who have believed, do not enter the houses of the Prophet except when you are permitted for a meal, without awaiting its readiness. But when you are invited, then enter; and when you have eaten, disperse without seeking to remain for conversation. Indeed, that [behavior] was troubling the Prophet, and he is shy of [dismissing] you. But Allah is not shy of the truth… (Al-Ahzab 33:53)

From this verse, we learn that when Prophet Muhammad wanted to stay with his wives and the Companions were gathering with him, he never asked them leave nor he left them and went to his wives. So, the Prophet remained with them until they left the gathering on their own.

Prophet Muhammad’s Courage

Allah says:

[Remember] when you [fled and] climbed [the mountain] without looking aside at anyone while the Messenger was calling you from behind. So, Allah repaid you with distress upon distress so you would not grieve for that which had escaped you [of victory and spoils of war] or [for] that which had befallen you [of injury and death]. And Allah is [fully] Acquainted with what you do. (Aal Imran 3:153)

During the Battle of Uhud, the Muslims fled from the battlefield but the Prophet showed considerable courage and remained in the battlefield along with a few from his companions.

These are some references to the characteristics of Prophet Muhammad. Now, we call our readers to reflect on these manners and how the Prophet applied them throughout his lifetime and commended his followers to embrace them in their daily life and with all people regardless of their race, color or religion.

There are false stories recounted about the Prophet in the media. On hearing these stories, we call our readers to read more about the life of Prophet Muhammad from the original sources of Islam which are the Quran and the Sunnah (Prophetic traditions).

If you have a question about Islam and Muslims, please feel free to have a one-to-one live chat with us:

Website: https://www.chatonfaith.com

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Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChatOnFaith

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/chataboutfaith/

 

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How Did Muhammad React to Personal Abuse? (E-Book)

How Did Muhammad React to Personal Abuse? (E-Book)

Introduction

How Did Muhammad React to Personal Abuse?Do you believe in Prophet Muhammad? If not, Why? Do you not agree that a person may be rightly judged by his/her reactions especially to personal abuse? What if such reactions are always great?

Just give yourself the chance to know Prophet Muhammad well before deciding to believe or disbelieve in him.

Read this e-book carefully to know how great Prophet Muhammad and how great his reactions were. You will see that his reactions were always prophetic even when he was deeply offended and personally abused.

His manners were always those of a prophet even when insulted. From time to time, satirical cartoons of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) are published by such people who either are ignorant of or ignore the real character of Prophet Muhammad.

While the Muslim reactions to such abuse vary from one Muslim to another, we decided to avoid the direct defense of Prophet Muhammad or any endeavor to praise him simply because God promised him a good memory. In the Quran, we read the following verse: And raised high for you your repute (Al-Inshirah 94:4)

We also read the following verse: “And indeed, you are of a great moral character.” (Al-Qalam 68:4)

However, we elected to indicate how Prophet Muhammad reacted to personal abuse and how he behaved himself in such situations where he was personally insulted to let our dear readers judge by themselves if this man is praiseworthy or blameworthy.

Insult to Prophet Muhammad is not something new. Yet, this is a frequent occurrence which has similar precedents during Prophet Muhammad’s lifetime. This is the fate of all great men. They are subjected to a careful scrutiny, which sometimes proves unfair given the deliberate twist of facts and intentional distortion of the truth.

Let’s now review some of the uncountable situations where Prophet Muhammad reacted to personal abuse by many people so that we may come to know how great Prophet Muhammad was. If Prophet Muhammad had been a wicked person, his reaction to abuse would have been equally wicked. If he had been a great man, his reaction would have been equally great.

Click here to download the book.

Source: www.muslim-library.com

 

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Have You Heard about the Prophet’s Married Love Legacy?

Have You Heard about the Prophet’s Married Love Legacy?

To ourselves, to anyone who has a distorted image about the Prophet’s marriage to Lady Aishah or doesn’t know about it: have you heard about the greatest love story ever?

The Prophet’s marriage with lady Aishah has always been a subject of attack and criticism against Islam. Knowing about the unprecedented kindness and love of the prophet to his wife and learning from the legacy of his married love is the very way both to answer any questions about the issue and confidently refute any misconception about the amazing love story, and to implement it in our personal lives.

Drawing on the misconception regarding Prophet Muhammad’s marriage to Lady Aishah, Sheikh Yusuf Estes elaborates on the unique love story of our beloved Prophet with lady Aishah.

He leans on true images from the prophet’s marital life with Aishah, the Mother of the Faithful, and the pure married love they shared.

How could we answer insulting questions about our religion and beloved Prophet (peace be upon him)? How could we reasonably face up to such distorted facts, embarrassing questions and mistaken beliefs?

In Islam we have the truth and we have the proof. From this reality you build on your own knowledge about your religion, answer any questions and refute any misconception about the true religion of God, as well as learn from the life of our guidance, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

It’s time to learn about the true love.

Just Listen to the Prophet’s married love legacy.

Source: HudaTV Channel

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A Dialogue Between Abu Sufyan and Heraclius

A Dialogue Between Abu Sufyan and Heraclius

By Dr. Mohsen Haredy

A Dialogue Between Abu Sufyan and HeracliusWhen Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) started to preach the message of Islam to the people of Mecca, he faced many challenges. He and his few followers were put to persecution and severe physical and psychological torture. Therefore, Prophet Muhammad had to leave Mecca and migrate to Medina.

In Median, Prophet Muhammad established a new Muslim community which lived with the Jews of Medina.

Soon, Prophet Muhammad started to send message to the rulers, emperors and kings of the neighboring countries.

Prophet Muhammad wrote to Heraclius, the Byzantine Emperor and invited him to Islam and sent him his letter with Dihya Al-Kalbi whom Prophet Muhammad ordered to hand it over to the Governor of Busra who would forward it to Caesar.

Caesar, as a sign of gratitude to Allah, had walked from Hims to Ilya’ (i.e. Jerusalem) when Allah had granted Him victory over the Persian forces. So, when the letter of Prophet Muhammad reached Caesar, he said after reading it, ‘Seek for me any one of his people! (Arabs of Quraish tribe) if present here, in order to ask him about Prophet Muhammad.

At that time Abu Sufyan, Sakhr bin Harb, was in Sham (Syria) with some men frown Quraish who had come (to Sham) as merchants during the truce that had been concluded between Prophet Muhammad and the infidels of Quraish.

Abu Sufyan said, Caesar’s messenger found us somewhere in Sham so he took me and my companions to Ilya and we were admitted into Ceasar’s court to find him sitting in his royal court wearing a crown and surrounded by the senior dignitaries of the Byzantine.

The following dialogue took place between Abu Sufyan and Hercalius was retold by Sufyan in authentic books of hadith.

Let’s read the dialogue carefully to see the nature of the questions asked by Heraclius and the answers given by Abu Sufayn who, though not Muslim, told the truth.

The Dialogue

Abu Sufyan said:

He said to his translator. ‘Ask them who amongst them is a close relation to the man who claims to be a prophet.”

Abu Sufyan added, “I replied, ‘I am the nearest relative to him.’

He asked, ‘What degree of relationship do you have with him?’

I replied, ‘He is my cousin,’ and there was none of Bani Abd Manaf in the caravan except myself.

Caesar said, ‘Let him come nearer.’

He then ordered that my companions stand behind me near my shoulder and said to his translator, ‘Tell his companions that I am going to ask this man about the man who claims to be a prophet. If he tells a lie, they should contradict him immediately.”

Abu Sufyan added, “By Allah! Had it not been shameful that my companions label me a liar, I would not have spoken the truth about him when he asked me. But I considered it shameful to be called a liar by my companions. So, I told the truth.

He then said to his translator, ‘Ask him what kind of family does he belong to.’

I replied, ‘He belongs to a noble family amongst us.’

He said, ‘Has anybody else amongst you ever claimed the same before him?

I replied, ‘No.’

He said, ‘Had you ever blamed him for telling lies before he claimed what he claimed?’

I replied, ‘No.’

He said, ‘Was anybody amongst his ancestors a king?’

I replied, ‘No.’

He said, “Do the noble or the poor follow him?’

I replied, ‘It is the poor who follow him.’

He said, ‘Are they increasing or decreasing (day by day)?’

I replied,‘ They are increasing.’

He said, ‘Does anybody amongst those who embrace his (the Prophet’s) Religion become displeased and then discard his Religion?’.

I replied, ‘No.’

He said, ‘Does he break his promises?

I replied, ‘No, but we are now at truce with him and we are afraid that he may betray us.”

Abu Sufyan added, “Other than the last sentence, I could not say anything against him.

Caesar then asked, ‘Have you ever had a war with him?’

I replied, ‘Yes.’

He said, ‘What was the outcome of your battles with him?’

I replied, ‘The result was unstable; sometimes he was victorious and sometimes we.’

He said, ‘What does he order you to do?’

I said, ‘He tells us to worship Allah alone, and not to worship others along with Him, and to leave all that our fore-fathers used to worship. He orders us to pray, give in charity, be chaste, keep promises and return what is entrusted to us.’

A Dialogue Between Abu Sufyan and HeracliusHeraclius Reaction

When I had said that, Caesar said to his translator, ‘Say to him: I ask you about his lineage and your reply was that he belonged to a noble family. In fact, all the apostles came from the noblest lineage of their nations.

Then I questioned you whether anybody else amongst you had claimed such a thing, and your reply was in the negative. If the answer had been in the affirmative, I would have thought that this man was following a claim that had been said before him.

When I asked you whether he was ever blamed for telling lies, your reply was in the negative, so I took it for granted that a person who did not tell a lie about (others) the people could never tell a lie about Allah.

Then I asked you whether any of his ancestors was a king. Your reply was in the negative, and if it had been in the affirmative, I would have thought that this man wanted to take back his ancestral kingdom.

When I asked you whether the rich or the poor people followed him, you replied that it was the poor who followed him. In fact, such are the followers of the apostles.

Then I asked you whether his followers were increasing or decreasing. You replied that they were increasing. In fact, this is the result of true faith till it is complete (in all respects).

I asked you whether there was anybody who, after embracing his religion, became displeased and discarded his religion; your reply was in the negative. In fact, this is the sign of true faith, for when its cheerfulness enters and mixes in the hearts completely, nobody will be displeased with it.

I asked you whether he had ever broken his promise. You replied in the negative. And such are the apostles; they never break their promises.

When I asked you whether you fought with him and he fought with you, you replied that he did, and that sometimes he was victorious and sometimes you. Indeed, such are the apostles; they are put to trials and the final victory is always theirs.

Then I asked you what he ordered you. You replied that he ordered you to worship Allah alone and not to worship others along with Him, to leave all that your fore-fathers used to worship, to offer prayers, to speak the truth, to be chaste, to keep promises, and to return what is entrusted to you. These are really the qualities of a prophet who, I knew (from the previous Scriptures) would appear, but I did not know that he would be from amongst you. If what you say should be true, he will very soon occupy the earth under my feet, and if I knew that I would reach him definitely, I would go immediately to meet Him; and were I with him, then I would certainly wash his feet.’ ”

Prophet Muhammad’s Letter to Heraclius

Abu Sufyan added, “Caesar then asked for the letter of Prophet Muhammad and it was read. Its contents were:

“In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful (This letter is) from Muhammad, the slave of Allah, and His Apostle, to Heraclius, the Ruler of the Byzantine. Peace be upon the followers of guidance. Now then, I invite you to Islam (i.e. surrender to Allah), embrace Islam and you will be safe; embrace Islam and Allah will bestow on you a double reward. But if you reject this invitation of Islam, you shall be responsible for misguiding the peasants (i.e. your nation). O people of the Scriptures! Come to a word common to you and us and you, that we worship. None but Allah, and that we associate nothing in worship with Him; and that none of us shall take others as Lords besides Allah. Then if they turn away, say: Bear witness that we are (they who have surrendered (unto Him.) (Aal Imran 3:64)

Abu Sufyan added, “When Heraclius had finished his speech, there was a great hue and cry caused by the Byzantine Royalties surrounding him, and there was so much noise that I did not understand what they said. So, we were turned out of the court. When I went out with my companions and we were alone, I said to them, ‘Verily, Ibn Abi Kabsha’s (i.e. the Prophet’s) affair has gained power. This is the King of Bani Al-Asfar fearing him.”

Abu Sufyan added, “By Allah, I remained low and was sure that his religion would be victorious till Allah converted me to Islam.”

The sub narrator adds:

“Ibn An-Natur was the Governor of llya’ (Jerusalem) and Heraclius was the head of the Christians of Sham. Ibn An-Natur narrates that once while Heraclius was visiting ilya’ (Jerusalem), he got up in the morning with a sad mood. Some of his priests asked him why he was in that mood? Heraclius was a foreteller and an astrologer. He replied, ‘At night when I looked at the stars, I saw that the leader of those who practice circumcision had appeared (become the conqueror). Who are they who practice circumcision?’ The people replied, ‘Except the Jews nobody practices circumcision, so you should not be afraid of them (Jews).

‘Just Issue orders to kill every Jew present in the country.’

While they were discussing it, a messenger sent by the king of Ghassan to convey the news of Prophet Muhammad to Heraclius was brought in. Having heard the news, he (Heraclius) ordered the people to go and see whether the messenger of Ghassan was circumcised. The people, after seeing him, told Heraclius that he was circumcised. Heraclius then asked him about the Arabs. The messenger replied, ‘Arabs also practice circumcision.’

(After hearing that) Heraclius remarked that sovereignty of the Arabs had appeared. Heraclius then wrote a letter to his friend in Rome who was as good as Heraclius in knowledge. Heraclius then left for Homs. (a town in Syrian and stayed there till he received the reply of his letter from his friend who agreed with him in his opinion about the emergence of the Prophet and the fact that he was a Prophet. On that Heraclius invited all the heads of the Byzantines to assemble in his palace at Homs. When they assembled, he ordered that all the doors of his palace be closed. Then he came out and said, ‘O Byzantines! If success is your desire and if you seek right guidance and want your empire to remain then give a pledge of allegiance to this Prophet (i.e. embrace Islam).’

(On hearing the views of Heraclius) the people ran towards the gates of the palace like onagers but found the doors closed. Heraclius realized their hatred towards Islam and when he lost the hope of their embracing Islam, he ordered that they should be brought back in audience.

(When they returned) he said, ‘What already said was just to test the strength of your conviction and I have seen it.’ The people prostrated before him and became pleased with him, and this was the end of Heraclius’s story (in connection with his faith). (Al-Bukhari)

Lessons to Learn

From this story, we can conclude the following:

  • Abu Sufyan acknowledged the truth of the message of Islam and Prophet Muhammad. When the light of guidance reached his heart, he became Muslim and one of the biggest supporters of Islam.
  • Abu Sufyan never told any lies about Islam and Prophet Muhammad as according to the traditions of the Arabs, it was shameful to tell lies.
  • Abu Sufyan summarized the message of Islam in these words: “To worship Allah alone, and not to worship others along with Him, and to leave all that fore-fathers used to worship. To pray, give in charity, be chaste, keep promises and return what is entrusted to us.’

On the other hand, Heraclius confirmed all what Abu Sufyan told about Prophet Muhammad and made it clear that:

  • All the apostles came from the noblest lineage of their nations.
  • A person who did not tell a lie about (others) the people could never tell a lie about Allah.
  • such are the followers of the apostles.
  • This is the sign of true faith, for when its cheerfulness enters and mixes in the hearts completely, nobody will be displeased with it.
  • Such are the apostles; they never break their promises.
  • Indeed, such are the apostles; they are put to trials and the final victory is always theirs.
  • These are really the qualities of a prophet who, I knew (from the previous Scriptures) would appear, but I did not know that he would be from amongst you.
  • If what you say should be true, he will very soon occupy the earth under my feet, and if I knew that I would reach him definitely, I would go immediately to meet Him; and were I with him, then I would certainly wash his feet.’
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