By Editorial Staff
Suicide is a major sin in Islam.
Muslim scholars agreed on five main objectives of the Shari`ah (Islamic law). These objectives are as follows: the preservation of the self; the preservation of the reason; the preservation of the religion; the preservation of the property/monetary; and the preservation of lineage.
Therefore, suicide is considered a major sin in Islam as it violates the objectives of preserving the human soul. Killing or harming others is forbidden in Islam.
There is a warning against suicide in the Quran. We read what means:
And do not kill yourselves [or one another]. Indeed, Allah is to you ever Merciful. (An-Nisaa’ 4:29)
…And do not throw [yourselves] with your [own] hands into destruction. (Al-Baqarah 2:195)
Taking the human soul is not justified under any circumstances in Islam.
We read in the Quran what means:
And never is it for a believer to kill a believer except by mistake. And whoever kills a believer by mistake – then the freeing of a believing slave and a compensation payment presented to the deceased’s family [is required] unless they give [up their right as] charity. But if the deceased was from a people at war with you and he was a believer – then [only] the freeing of a believing slave; and if he was from a people with whom you have a treaty – then a compensation payment presented to his family and the freeing of a believing slave. And whoever does not find [one or cannot afford to buy one] – then [instead], a fast for two months consecutively, [seeking] acceptance of repentance from Allah . And Allah is ever Knowing and Wise.
But whoever kills a believer intentionally – his recompense is Hell, wherein he will abide eternally, and Allah has become angry with him and has cursed him and has prepared for him a great punishment. (An-Nisaa’ 4:92-93)
We also read what means:
O you who have believed, prescribed for you is legal retribution for those murdered – the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But whoever overlooks from his brother anything, then there should be a suitable follow-up and payment to him with good conduct. This is an alleviation from your Lord and a mercy. But whoever transgresses after that will have a painful punishment. (Al-Baqarah 2:178)
Suicide is a major sin. The Prophet said:
“He who commits suicide by throttling shall keep on throttling himself in the Hell Fire (forever) and he who commits suicide by stabbing himself shall keep on stabbing himself in the Hell-Fire.” (Al-Bukhari)
“Whoever swears by a religion other than Islam, is, as he says; and whoever commits suicide with something, will be punished with the same thing in the (Hell) Fire; and cursing a believer is like murdering him; and whoever accuses a believer of disbelief, then it is as if he had killed him.” (Al-Bukhari)
“Whoever intentionally swears falsely by a religion other than Islam, then he is what he has said, (e.g. if he says, ‘If such thing is not true then I am a Jew,’ he is really a Jew). And whoever commits suicide with piece of iron will be punished with the same piece of iron in the Hell Fire.” (Al-Bukhari)
Narrated Abu Hurairah: We witnessed (the battle of) Khaibar. Allah’s Messenger said about one of those who were with him and who claimed to be a Muslim. “This (man) is from the dwellers of the Hell-Fire.” When the battle started, that fellow fought so violently and bravely that he received plenty of wounds. Some of the people were about to doubt (the Prophet’s statement), but the man, feeling the pain of his wounds, put his hand into his quiver and took out of it, some arrows with which he slaughtered himself (i.e. committed suicide). Then some men amongst the Muslims came hurriedly and said, “O Allah’s Messenger! Allah has made your statement true so-and-so has committed suicide. “The Prophet said, “O so-and-so! Get up and make an announcement that none but a believer will enter Paradise and that Allah may support the religion with an unchaste (evil) wicked man. (Al-Bukhari)
Suicide, out of despair and depression, is categorically prohibited in Islam. Life is a gift from God. We have to enjoy it and spend serving God and thanking Him for this great gift. This stems from the fact that the main purpose of our creation is to acknowledge the existence of God and worship Him alone.
Muslims believe that there is a solution for every problem. Muslims believe that whatever befalls them is a trial from God to test them and their patience.
The Prophet said: “Never a believer is stricken with a discomfort, an illness, an anxiety, a grief or mental worry or even the pricking of a thorn but Allah will expiate his sins on account of his patience.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
Islam has taken all necessary measure to preserve the soul and laid down the foundations for the prevention of suicide.
For a believer, the relationship with God is the most significant business. It is the business of life.
Everyone is keen to have a profitable business in his life through which he or she proves themselves as successful persons. Yet, for a believer, the relationship with God is the most significant business. It is the business of life; the winner in this business will enjoy an eternal bliss in the heavens, and the loser is going to endure a distressful torment in the Hell-fire unless God forgives him.
Thus, one should ask oneself, “Do I have a profitable or losing business with God?”
Before you answer the question, let’s pinpoint the components of the business with God as mentioned in noble verses of the Qur’an and the hadiths of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
In the quoted verse below, Allah inquires of a business that saves from the painful torment of Hell. Then, Allah gives us the answer that it is to believe in Allah and His Messenger, and undertake Jihad in the cause of Allah. The reward is plentiful and huge; the forgiveness of sins and eternal residence in a lofty place in Paradise. Not only this but also the support of Allah and nearby victory are present. Almighty Allah says,
O You who believe! Shall I guide you to a commerce that will save you from a painful torment. * That you believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad), and that you strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives, that will be better for you, if you but know! * (If you do so) He will forgive you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow, and pleasant dwelling in Gardens of `Adn (Edn Paradise), that is indeed the great success. * And also (He will give you) another (blessing) which you love, help from Allah (against your enemies) and a near victory. And give glad tidings (O Muhammad ) to the believers. (As-Saff 61:10-13)
Allah, the Almighty, makes a promise that He will give Paradise to those who fight for His sake. He states that this promise is found in the Torah, the Injil (Gospel) and the Qur’an. How blessed are the fighters in the cause of Allah!! The verse also brings good new to those who partake in that kind of business by telling them that it is the greatest success. Allah (Glory be to Him) says,
Verily, Allah has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties; for the price that theirs shall be the Paradise. They fight in Allah’s Cause, so they kill (others) and are killed. It is a promise in truth which is binding on Him in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injil (Gospel) and the Qur’an. And who is truer to his covenant than Allah? Then rejoice in the bargain which you have concluded. That is the supreme success. (At-Tawbah 9:111)
Reciting the Qur’an, Performing the Prayer and Paying in Charity
In Surat Fatir, God, the Almighty, talks about a group of people who opt to turn to a business that never undergoes forfeit. It is the business with Allah. The commodities of this trade are obtainable by everyone who seeks the pleasure of His Lord. The merchandises are three significant deeds, namely reciting the Qur’an, observing the obligatory and optional prayer and giving in charity for the sake of Allah. If a person presents these things, he will receive plentiful reward and extra bounty from Allah the Almighty. Allah (Exalted be He) says,
Verily, those who recite the Book of Allah (this Qur’an), and perform Prayer, and spend (in charity) out of what We have provided for them, secretly and openly, hope for a (sure) trade-gain that will never perish. * That He may pay them their rewards in full, and give them (even) more, out of His Grace. Verily! He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (good deeds and to recompense). (Fatir 35:29-30)
How Did the companions Made Business with God?
During the time of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), there was a young orphan who was getting a wall built from the edge of his house to his neighbor’s but there was a palm tree that was causing a halt to the construction. The wall could not be continued unless the tree was either removed or added to the child’s house. This tree belonged to the person named Abu Lubabah.
The orphan came to Abu Lubabah and told him, “Give me that tree so I could construct the wall.” Abu Lubabah replied, “No, it is mine.” The boy then said, “Then sell it to me!” Abu Lubabah refused once again. The boy said, “By Allah, I am going to complain to Prophet of Allah!” He went and told what exactly had happened with him.
Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Where is Abu Lubabah? Call Abu Lubabah!” He then said to Abu Lubabah, “Give him the tree” Abu Lubabah said, “No, O Prophet of Allah, it is my right.” The Prophet said, “O Abu Lubabah, sell it to him.” He replied, “No, O Prophet of Allah it’s mine.” Hearing this, tears started flowing from the eyes of the young boy. The Prophet (peace be upon him) then said, “O Abu Lubabah, give him a branch from this tree and you will have a tree in Jannah (Paradise).” Yet, Abu Lubabah refused to give him.
When Abu Dahdah heard this and saw the boy crying, he went close to the Prophet and said, “If I purchase the same tree, will I get the same offer?” The Prophet replied, “Yes.” Then, Abu Dahdah ran after Abu Lubabah and said, “O Abu Lubabah, do you know my orchard? (His house was in the orchard and some scholars said it had 400 trees whilst others said it had 600) It is yours for that tree!” Abu Lubabah turned around and said, “Are you out of your mind?” Abu Dahdah replied, “No, it is yours and O people be witness!” Then he went where the Prophet and the boy were and said to him, “O boy, that tree is yours!”
Abu Dahdah then went to his old orchard thinking about how he can convince his wife about what happened. He called out from outside, “O Umm Dahdah!” She replied, “Yes, O Abu Dahdah!” He said, “Come out of the orchard” She asked, “Why?” He said, “We have sold it to Allah and His Messenger!” She said, “What a successful deal!” Then, Umm Dahdah got their children out of the orchard. They were carrying some dates, she got hold of their hands, opened them and threw the dates back into the orchard and said, “They are for Allah my child.” And thus, Abu Dahdah sold off his 400 trees plus his home for a tree in Heaven.”
Eternal bliss of Paradise is highly and more expensive than anything else.
For a believer, the relationship with God is the most significant business. It is the business of life.
After the departure of the Prophet and Abu Bakr to Madinah, Suhayb continued to bide his time, waiting for an opportunity to join them. He remained unsuccessful. The eyes of his guards were ever alert and watchful. The only way out was to resort to a stratagem.
One cold night, Suhayb pretended he had some stomach problems and went out repeatedly as if responding to calls of nature. His captors said one to another:
“Don’t worry. Al-Lat and Al-`Uzza are keeping him busy with his stomach.”
They became relaxed and sleep got the better of them. Suhayb quietly slipped out as if he was going to the toilet. He armed himself, got ready a mount and headed in the direction of Madinah.
When his captors awoke, they realized with a start that Suhayb was gone. They got horses ready and set out in hot pursuit and eventually caught up with him. Seeing them approach, Suhayb clambered up a hill. Holding his bow and arrow at the ready, he shouted: “Men of Quraysh! You know, by God, that I am one of the best archers and my aim is unerring. By God, if you come near me, with each arrow I have, I shall kill one of you. Then I shall strike with my sword.”
A Quraysh spokesman responded: “By God, we shall not let you escape from us with your life and money. You came to Makkah weak and poor and you have acquired what you have acquired..”
“What would you say if I leave you my wealth?” interrupted Suhayb. “Would you get out of my way?”
“Yes,” they agreed.
Suhayb described the place in his house in Makkah where he had left the money, and they allowed him to go.
He set off as quickly as he could for Madinah cherishing the prospect of being with the Prophet and of having the freedom to worship God in peace. On his way to Madinah, whenever he felt tired, the thought of meeting the Prophet sustained him and he proceeded with increased determination. When Suhayb reached Quba, just outside Madinah where the Prophet himself alighted after his Hijrah, the Prophet saw him approaching. He was over-joyed and greeted Suhayb with beaming smiles.
“Your transaction has been fruitful, O Abu Yahya. Your transaction has been fruitful.” He repeated this three times. Suhayb’s face beamed with happiness as he said: “By God, no one has come before me to you, Messenger of God, and only JibriI could have t old you about this.” Yes indeed! Suhayb’s transaction was fruitful. Revelation from on high affirmed the truth of this:
And there is a type of man who gives his life to earn the pleasure of God. And God is full of kindness to His servants.” (Al-Baqarah 2:2O7) (Al-Bayhaqi)
What is money and what is gold and what is the entire world so long as faith remains!
Gaining the True Benefit
Now, we know the factors of a business of God, and read the stories of the companions and their relations and business with God. The question is: What is about our business with God? Do we have one? Is it fruitful or fruitless? Did we win in this passing year? What is about our good deeds; prayer, charity, recitation of the Qur’an, and striving in the cause of Allah? Were our good deeds accepted or rejected? Do we have plans to increase the good deeds, avoid misdeeds and remedy my shortcomings?
Let everyone of us answer these questions with himself.