In the creation of humankind, the divine attributes of forgiveness, mercy and kindness are also manifested. Human beings were created good and pure with a natural awareness of good and evil.
By: Yusuf Estes
This question should be asked because humankind is not, in fact, the greatest creation. God says in the Qur’an what means:
The creation of the heavens and earth is greater than the creation of mankind, but most of the people do not know. (Ghafir 40:57)
The composition of human beings is far less complex than the composition of the universe in which they exist. However, very few people reflect on this reality. Because of the apparent supremacy of human beings over the other creatures on this earth, man’s journeys through space and the continued advancement of their technology and knowledge, humankind in every age becomes arrogant and considers itself the greatest thing in this world.
It is worth noting that the majority of humankind’s amazing discoveries are not concerning the human being, but his surroundings. Thus, human efforts tend to be focused on the material world rather than human beings. In this verse, God brings human beings back to their actual status in this world. Humankind is merely a small part of the existence that resulted from the miraculous act of divine creation. Thus, in order to understand why God created mankind, one first needs to answer the even more fundamental question of why God created.
Creation is fundamentally the consequence of the divine attribute of being the creator. A creator who does not create is something of a contradiction in terms. This is not to say that God needs His creation. God is free from all needs. It is creation which needs Him. But, as the greatness of a writer becomes apparent in his writings, the perfection of the divine creative attribute is manifest in creation. Creation in the true sense is unique to God alone. Although humans ascribe the act of creation to themselves, what they do is not true creation.
Humankind merely manipulates what already exists, what was already created by God. A table is made from wood which came from trees and is held together with nails and screws made from metal that came from rocks. Human beings did not make the trees or the rocks. In fact, all human creations can be traced back to basic elements which humans cannot make. Even the artist creates designs based on what he has seen. It is not possible to imagine what has not been perceived by the senses. Thus, all of the artist’s thoughts are reflections on what was already created. Only God alone creates from nothing. This basic fact was and still is incomprehensible to some.
Some ancient as well as modern philosophers, who could not comprehend how God could create from nothing, claimed that the created world and its contents are all originally a part of God. That is, according to them, God took a part of Himself and made the universe. This conclusion is based on comparing God to man, who can only ‘create’ by modifying what already exists. However, God, denies any such comparisons which would give Him human limitations. In Chapter Ash-Shura of the final revelation, Almighty Allah states:
There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing. (Ash-Shura 42:11)
Thus, the act of creation is a consequence of the divine attribute of being the Creator. God describes Himself as the Creator in a variety of verses throughout the final revelation to emphasize to humankind that everything belongs to Him alone.
Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is, over all things, Disposer of affairs. (Az-Zumar 39:62)
While Allah created you and that which you do? (As-Saffat 37:96)
Man needs to realize that nothing takes place in this universe without the permission of God. To seek protection from evil or to seek to acquire good from any source other than God is a major mistake. Due to ignorance, many people attempt to avoid misfortune and to gain good fortune through a variety of charms and amulets, astrology, palmistry, etc. Consequently, in the final revelation, Chapter Al-Falaq, God informs human beings to seek refuge in God from evil:
Say, “I seek refuge in the Lord of daybreak. From the evil of that which He created. (Al-Falaq 113:1-2)
Allah, God Almighty, is not evil; He is good. He created a world in which evil or good can be done by beings to whom He gave this ability. However, no evil or good can take place in this world without the permission of God.. This is why it is futile to turn to others besides God for help and protection.
No disaster strikes except by permission of Allah. (At-Taghabun 64:11)
The final prophet of God, Muhammad (peace be upon him), further elaborated on this concept, saying, “Be aware that if the whole of mankind gathered together to do something to help you, they would only be able to do something for you which Allah had already written for you: Likewise, if the whole of mankind gathered together to harm you, they would only be able to do something to harm you which Allah had already written to happen to you.” (At-Tirmidhi)
The Merciful, The Forgiving
In the creation of humankind, the divine attributes of forgiveness, mercy and kindness are also manifested. Human beings were created good and pure with a natural awareness of good and evil. The Almighty also created in humans desires and gave them an ability to control those desires according to divine law or to turn them loose and follow them blindly. God created mankind knowing that they would disobey Him. Consequently, He taught human beings, beginning with Adam, how to repent and thereby purify themselves of their sins. Adam and Eve represent a pattern for all mankind to follow.
Source: Taken from the author’s The Purpose of Creation.
It is an everyday experience that when you do not know a thing, you look for somebody who knows it and you repose faith in his word and follow him.
It is an everyday experience that when you do not know a thing, you look for somebody who knows it and you repose faith in his word and follow him. If you get ill and you cannot treat and cure yourself, you look for the doctor and accept and follow his instructions without question. Why? Because he is properly qualified to give medical advice, possesses experience, and has treated and cured a number of patients. You, therefore, stick to his advice, do whatever he asks you to do, and avoid whatever he forbids.
Similarly, in matters of law you believe in whatever your legal advisers say and act accordingly. In educational matters you have faith in your teacher or instructor and you accept his instructions as true. When you want to go to some place and do not happen to know the way to it, you ask somebody who knows it and follow the way he points out.
In short, the reasonable course that you adopt in the whole of your life about matters which you do not or cannot know is that you approach one who knows them, accept his advice, and act accordingly. As your own knowledge of that matter or problem is inadequate, you carefully search for one who knows that and then silently accept his word. You take every pain to select the proper person. But after selecting the right man, you accept his advice unquestioningly. This kind of belief is called “belief in the unknown.” For here you have relied upon one who knows, in matters you do not know.
This exactly is iman bil ghaib (belief in the unseen). This signifies that you achieve the knowledge of what was not known to you from one who knows. You do not know God and His real attributes. You are not aware that His angels are directing the machinery of the whole universe according to His orders, and that they surround you on all sides. You have not the proper knowledge of the way of life through which you can seek the pleasure of your Creator. And you are in the dark about the life that is to come.
The knowledge of all the mentioned matters is given to you by the prophets, who had direct contact with the Divine Being and had been endowed with the correct knowledge. And they are the persons whose sincerity, integrity, trustworthiness, godliness, and absolute purity of their lives stand as irrevocable witness to the truth of their claim to knowledge. And above all, the very wisdom and force of their message makes you admit that they speak the truth and their preaching deserves to be believed and followed.
This conviction of yours is iman bil ghaib. Such truth-discerning and truth-acknowledging attitude is essential for obeying God and for acting in accordance with His pleasure, for you have no other medium than God’s Messenger for the achievement of true knowledge, and without accurate and true knowledge you cannot proceed rightly on the path of Islam.
Source: Taken from Onislam.net
By Editorial Staff
Losing control of the steering wheel for a second on the highway is enough reason to cause a crisis. Incorrect temperature is enough reason to cause a bomb explosion. The Olympic champions know the value of the moment as the difference between glory and loss.
So, everything in this world has measures that cannot be violated by any means.
Does this apply to the Universe we live in? Is it really random and uncontrolled by a certain order?
Watch this short video to know the answer to these questions and to learn more about the existence of God.
Source: Guide to Islam Channel
If you have a question about Islam and Muslims, please feel free to have a one-to-one live chat with us:
By Dr. Mohsen Haredy
What Do Muslims Believe about God?
Muslims believe that Allah the Almighty is Creator and He is the only deity worthy of worship. Muslims believe that God exists and there are many proofs for His existence. Muslims do not associate others with God.
We read in the Quran what means:
O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous. [He] who made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and the sky a ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you. So do not attribute to Allah equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him.] (Al-Baqarah 2:21-22)
Ibn Kathir Proves the Existence of God
Imam Ibn Kathir, the famous commentator of the Quran, commented on these verses saying:
In this verse Allah mentioned His Oneness in divinity and stated that He has favored His servants by bringing them to life after they did not exist. He also surrendered them with blessings, both hidden and apparent. He made the earth a resting place for them, just like the bed, stable with the firm mountain…. The meaning that is reiterated here is that Allah is the Creator, the Sustainer, the Owner and Provider of this life, all that is in and on it. Hence, He alone deserves to be worshipped, and no one and nothing is to be associated with Him. That is why Allah said next: “So do not attribute to Allah equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him].”
Further, Ibn Kathir said:
“Several scholars of Tafsir used these verses as an argument for the existence of the God… Whoever ponders over the things that exist , the higher and lower creatures, their various shapes, colors, behaviors, benefits and ecological roles, then he will realize the ability, wisdom, knowledge, perfection and majesty of their Creator.
A Bedouin Proves the Existence of God
Once a Bedouin was asked about the evidence to the existence of God, he responded: All praise is due to Allah! The camel’s dung testifies to the existence of the camel. The track testifies to the fact that someone was walking. A sky that holds the giant starts, a land that has fairways and a sea that has waves, does not all of this testify that the Most Kind, Most Knowledgeable exists.”
Imam Ash-Shafi`i Proves the Existence of God
Imam Ash-Shafi`i (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked about the existence of the God, so he said:
“The leaves of berry are all but one. Each leaf tastes exactly the same. Insects, honey bees, cows, goats and deer live off of it. After eating these leaves, the insects produce silk. Bees produce honey. Deer give musk (a special kind of scent). Cows and goats deliver off-springs. Is this not clear evidence that one kind of leaf has so many qualities and who created these qualities? It is the Creator who we call Allah the Almighty Who is the Inventor and the Creator.”
Imam Abu Hanifah Proves the Existence of God
Imam Abu Hanifah (may Allah have mercy on him) was invited to a debate with an atheist who was awaiting him. Everyone including the atheist awaited his arrival. An hour had passed, but Abu Hanifah hadn’t arrived. Another hour passed and still no sign of him. Finally, Abu Hanifah arrived. He apologized for his lateness and began to explain,
‘I began to make my way to the River Tigris and on reaching the river bank I realized there was no boat to cross the river. I was standing on the river bank looking for a navigator or a boat when something caught my attention in the middle of the river. To my amazement I saw planks of wood rising to the surface from the sea bed. I was shocked, amazed, I couldn’t believe what I saw seeing. Ready-made planks of wood were rising up to the surface and joining together. I continued to look into the middle of the river and then I saw nails rise from the sea bed. They positioned themselves to hold the planks together.’
The atheist was listening with a smile.
So, Abu Hanifah continued:
‘I could see a boat forming before my eyes, I stood in amazement. Suddenly, the boat began to move. It came towards me against the current. It stood floating beside me while I was on the river bank, as if telling me to embark onto it. I went on the boat and yet again it began to move. There was no navigator or sailor on the boat and the boat began to travel towards the direction of the royal palaces. The boat eventually reached the other side of the River Tigris and I disembarked. I turned around and the boat had disappeared and that is why I am late.’
At this moment, the atheist burst out laughing and remarked, ‘Oh Abu Hanifah, you speak of a boat appearing from nowhere, without someone having built it. I swear I do not believe a word of it!’
Abu Hanifah turned to the atheist and replied, ‘You don’t believe a word of it? If you cannot believe that a boat came into being without a boat maker, how can you believe that the whole world, the universe, the stars, the oceans and the planets came into being without a creator?’
Another Proof By Abu Hanifah
“Is there any proof that God exists?” an atheist asked Abu Hanifah who replied,
“People tell me there is a big ship, it contains different goods on board. There is no one to steer it, no one maintaining it. Yet, this ship keeps going back and forth; it even traverses big waves on the oceans; it stops at the locations that it is supposed to stop at; it continues in the direction that it is supposed to head. This ship has no captain and no one planning its trips.”
The atheist interrupted and exclaimed, “What kind of strange and silly thought is this? How can any intelligent person think that something like this can occur?”
Then, Abu Hanifah said, “I feel sorry for your state! You cannot imagine one ship running without someone looking after its affairs. Yet you think that for this whole world, which runs exactly and precisely, there is no one who looks after it and no one owns it.”
From the above statements, it is safe to conclude that early Muslims used the language of intellect used by those who deny the existence of God.
1- Tafsir al-Quran Al-Azeem by Ibn Kathir
The Holy Spirit in Islam and Christianity: Between God (Third Person) and Angel
It is the Holy Spirit. It is such a being who perplexed the followers of the Abrahamic religions for there is no consensus over the Holy Spirit’s status: if he is God or an angel or what?
Each Abrahamic religion has its own conception of this unusual being.
It is impossible to reconcile those conceptions given the considerable disparity among them.
Let’s consider the nature of this being in the light of the Quran on the one hand and the Bible including the Old Testament and the New Testament on the other hand.
The Holy Spirit in Islam
In Islam, the Holy Spirit is Gabriel, who is an angel of God. He is sometimes mentioned by the name “Gabriel”, whereas he is sometimes referred to, inter alia, as “Holy Spirit”.
He is exclusively named “Holy Spirit” to the exclusion of the other angels given his central role in the revelation of the Holy Scriptures and his support of the prophets of God and godly people.
Scholars sought to account for “Spirit” as an exclusive name of Gabriel unlike the other angels. Al-Jayyani remarked: “he was called ‘Spirit’ for selves are livened by him just as they are livened by spirits.”
Ar-Razi followed by Ibn Adil noted: “he was called ‘Spirit’ for he was created from God’s Spirit.” It is said that he is given this name “for he represents salvation for all creation in terms of judgment. So he is like a spirit which gives life.” It is also said “for he is wholly a spirit unlike the human beings who have both bodies and spirits.” He is called “trustworthy” for he was entrusted with the revelations conveyed to prophets and others.
The evidence for Gabriel being “the Holy Spirit” is the frequent reference to him that it is he who brought down the Quran to Prophet Muhammad and that it is he who supports him along with the other prophets. Such are some of the qualities of the Holy Spirit as set out in the Quran.
About bringing the Quran down by Gabriel, we read in the Quran:
Say, “Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel – it is [none but] he who has brought the Qur’an down upon your heart, [O Muhammad], by permission of Allah, confirming that which was before it and as guidance and good tidings for the believers.” (Al-Baqarah 2:97)
About his support of Prophet Muhammad, we also read:
If you two [wives] repent to Allah, [it is best], for your hearts have deviated. But if you cooperate against him – then indeed Allah is his protector, and Gabriel and the righteous of the believers and the angels, moreover, are [his] assistants. (At-Tahrim 66:4)
About bringing the Quran down by the Holy Spirit, we read in the Quran:
Say, [O Muhammad], “The Holy Spirit has brought it down from your Lord in truth to make firm those who believe and as guidance and good tidings to the Muslims.” (An-Nahl 16:102)
Visit this site to know more about Islam and Christianity.
In the life of every one of us, there are some critical moments in which he looks back to what has passed, and he sees things clearly without the distractions of a busy daily life.
At these moments, we can see things quite clear, and we face the unavoidable question, then what?!
This is an honest call to make the crisis of Coronavirus (COVID-19) which we all experience a critical decisive moment, to get out of it knowing the truth of life, and what is waiting for us afterwards.
Watch this short video to know how to make the current quarantine a turning point in your life to know God and worship Him.
The video is produced by Osol Global Center.
Source: Guide to Islam Channel