By Editorial Staff
Losing control of the steering wheel for a second on the highway is enough reason to cause a crisis. Incorrect temperature is enough reason to cause a bomb explosion. The Olympic champions know the value of the moment as the difference between glory and loss.
So, everything in this world has measures that cannot be violated by any means.
Does this apply to the Universe we live in? Is it really random and uncontrolled by a certain order?
Watch this short video to know the answer to these questions and to learn more about the existence of God.
Source: Guide to Islam Channel
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By Dr. Mohsen Haredy
What Do Muslims Believe about God?
Muslims believe that Allah the Almighty is Creator and He is the only deity worthy of worship. Muslims believe that God exists and there are many proofs for His existence. Muslims do not associate others with God.
We read in the Quran what means:
O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous. [He] who made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and the sky a ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you. So do not attribute to Allah equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him.] (Al-Baqarah 2:21-22)
Ibn Kathir Proves the Existence of God
Imam Ibn Kathir, the famous commentator of the Quran, commented on these verses saying:
In this verse Allah mentioned His Oneness in divinity and stated that He has favored His servants by bringing them to life after they did not exist. He also surrendered them with blessings, both hidden and apparent. He made the earth a resting place for them, just like the bed, stable with the firm mountain…. The meaning that is reiterated here is that Allah is the Creator, the Sustainer, the Owner and Provider of this life, all that is in and on it. Hence, He alone deserves to be worshipped, and no one and nothing is to be associated with Him. That is why Allah said next: “So do not attribute to Allah equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him].”
Further, Ibn Kathir said:
“Several scholars of Tafsir used these verses as an argument for the existence of the God… Whoever ponders over the things that exist , the higher and lower creatures, their various shapes, colors, behaviors, benefits and ecological roles, then he will realize the ability, wisdom, knowledge, perfection and majesty of their Creator.
A Bedouin Proves the Existence of God
Once a Bedouin was asked about the evidence to the existence of God, he responded: All praise is due to Allah! The camel’s dung testifies to the existence of the camel. The track testifies to the fact that someone was walking. A sky that holds the giant starts, a land that has fairways and a sea that has waves, does not all of this testify that the Most Kind, Most Knowledgeable exists.”
Imam Ash-Shafi`i Proves the Existence of God
Imam Ash-Shafi`i (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked about the existence of the God, so he said:
“The leaves of berry are all but one. Each leaf tastes exactly the same. Insects, honey bees, cows, goats and deer live off of it. After eating these leaves, the insects produce silk. Bees produce honey. Deer give musk (a special kind of scent). Cows and goats deliver off-springs. Is this not clear evidence that one kind of leaf has so many qualities and who created these qualities? It is the Creator who we call Allah the Almighty Who is the Inventor and the Creator.”
Imam Abu Hanifah Proves the Existence of God
Imam Abu Hanifah (may Allah have mercy on him) was invited to a debate with an atheist who was awaiting him. Everyone including the atheist awaited his arrival. An hour had passed, but Abu Hanifah hadn’t arrived. Another hour passed and still no sign of him. Finally, Abu Hanifah arrived. He apologized for his lateness and began to explain,
‘I began to make my way to the River Tigris and on reaching the river bank I realized there was no boat to cross the river. I was standing on the river bank looking for a navigator or a boat when something caught my attention in the middle of the river. To my amazement I saw planks of wood rising to the surface from the sea bed. I was shocked, amazed, I couldn’t believe what I saw seeing. Ready-made planks of wood were rising up to the surface and joining together. I continued to look into the middle of the river and then I saw nails rise from the sea bed. They positioned themselves to hold the planks together.’
The atheist was listening with a smile.
So, Abu Hanifah continued:
‘I could see a boat forming before my eyes, I stood in amazement. Suddenly, the boat began to move. It came towards me against the current. It stood floating beside me while I was on the river bank, as if telling me to embark onto it. I went on the boat and yet again it began to move. There was no navigator or sailor on the boat and the boat began to travel towards the direction of the royal palaces. The boat eventually reached the other side of the River Tigris and I disembarked. I turned around and the boat had disappeared and that is why I am late.’
At this moment, the atheist burst out laughing and remarked, ‘Oh Abu Hanifah, you speak of a boat appearing from nowhere, without someone having built it. I swear I do not believe a word of it!’
Abu Hanifah turned to the atheist and replied, ‘You don’t believe a word of it? If you cannot believe that a boat came into being without a boat maker, how can you believe that the whole world, the universe, the stars, the oceans and the planets came into being without a creator?’
Another Proof By Abu Hanifah
“Is there any proof that God exists?” an atheist asked Abu Hanifah who replied,
“People tell me there is a big ship, it contains different goods on board. There is no one to steer it, no one maintaining it. Yet, this ship keeps going back and forth; it even traverses big waves on the oceans; it stops at the locations that it is supposed to stop at; it continues in the direction that it is supposed to head. This ship has no captain and no one planning its trips.”
The atheist interrupted and exclaimed, “What kind of strange and silly thought is this? How can any intelligent person think that something like this can occur?”
Then, Abu Hanifah said, “I feel sorry for your state! You cannot imagine one ship running without someone looking after its affairs. Yet you think that for this whole world, which runs exactly and precisely, there is no one who looks after it and no one owns it.”
From the above statements, it is safe to conclude that early Muslims used the language of intellect used by those who deny the existence of God.
1- Tafsir al-Quran Al-Azeem by Ibn Kathir
The Holy Spirit in Islam and Christianity: Between God (Third Person) and Angel
It is the Holy Spirit. It is such a being who perplexed the followers of the Abrahamic religions for there is no consensus over the Holy Spirit’s status: if he is God or an angel or what?
Each Abrahamic religion has its own conception of this unusual being.
It is impossible to reconcile those conceptions given the considerable disparity among them.
Let’s consider the nature of this being in the light of the Quran on the one hand and the Bible including the Old Testament and the New Testament on the other hand.
The Holy Spirit in Islam
In Islam, the Holy Spirit is Gabriel, who is an angel of God. He is sometimes mentioned by the name “Gabriel”, whereas he is sometimes referred to, inter alia, as “Holy Spirit”.
He is exclusively named “Holy Spirit” to the exclusion of the other angels given his central role in the revelation of the Holy Scriptures and his support of the prophets of God and godly people.
Scholars sought to account for “Spirit” as an exclusive name of Gabriel unlike the other angels. Al-Jayyani remarked: “he was called ‘Spirit’ for selves are livened by him just as they are livened by spirits.”
Ar-Razi followed by Ibn Adil noted: “he was called ‘Spirit’ for he was created from God’s Spirit.” It is said that he is given this name “for he represents salvation for all creation in terms of judgment. So he is like a spirit which gives life.” It is also said “for he is wholly a spirit unlike the human beings who have both bodies and spirits.” He is called “trustworthy” for he was entrusted with the revelations conveyed to prophets and others.
The evidence for Gabriel being “the Holy Spirit” is the frequent reference to him that it is he who brought down the Quran to Prophet Muhammad and that it is he who supports him along with the other prophets. Such are some of the qualities of the Holy Spirit as set out in the Quran.
About bringing the Quran down by Gabriel, we read in the Quran:
Say, “Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel – it is [none but] he who has brought the Qur’an down upon your heart, [O Muhammad], by permission of Allah, confirming that which was before it and as guidance and good tidings for the believers.” (Al-Baqarah 2:97)
About his support of Prophet Muhammad, we also read:
If you two [wives] repent to Allah, [it is best], for your hearts have deviated. But if you cooperate against him – then indeed Allah is his protector, and Gabriel and the righteous of the believers and the angels, moreover, are [his] assistants. (At-Tahrim 66:4)
About bringing the Quran down by the Holy Spirit, we read in the Quran:
Say, [O Muhammad], “The Holy Spirit has brought it down from your Lord in truth to make firm those who believe and as guidance and good tidings to the Muslims.” (An-Nahl 16:102)
Visit this site to know more about Islam and Christianity.
In the life of every one of us, there are some critical moments in which he looks back to what has passed, and he sees things clearly without the distractions of a busy daily life.
At these moments, we can see things quite clear, and we face the unavoidable question, then what?!
This is an honest call to make the crisis of Coronavirus (COVID-19) which we all experience a critical decisive moment, to get out of it knowing the truth of life, and what is waiting for us afterwards.
Watch this short video to know how to make the current quarantine a turning point in your life to know God and worship Him.
The video is produced by Osol Global Center.
Source: Guide to Islam Channel
Jafar Al-Sadiq was a wise man with a calm observant manner about him.
After the noble Caliphate of Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman (may God be pleased with them) much turmoil and bloodshed befell the Muslim nation from within.
Sadly, after the assassination of Ali (may God honor his face) and martyrdom of Hussein (master of the youth in heaven), it was the progeny of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his close Companions who called for a better leadership.
Some called for it in a strictly political way and others called for military revolt. This brought upon them many onslaughts and assassinations from the Islamic Caliphate which had become like a kingdom where the rule is handed down through the family of Bani Ummayyah.
This turmoil amongst the Muslims caused Jafar Al-Sadiq to dislike politics and made him unconcerned with the Caliphate.
Instead, he focused on science and Islamic knowledge. This isn’t because of any weakness in him; it was simply because he held the opinion as the heavy majority of other scholars that taking up arms on the Muslim government leads to a blinding mayhem, oppression, spreading of lies and violating peoples honor and dignity.
Jafar Al-Sadiq was a wise man with a calm observant manner about him. He was always engulfed in deep thought and contemplation. These qualities led him to become one of the well respected scholars and thinkers in history. His honor and fame among his time was more than that of the political powerhouses.
His Birth and Upbringing
He was born infar 702 Common Era in Madinah, city of the Prophet, in the blessed month of Ramadan. Jafar is the son of Muhammad son of Ali son of Hussein son of Fatimah daughter of the Prophet Muhammad. He was raised in this blessed environment by a very pious mother and his father who was a great scholar.
He also learned from his grandfather from his mother’s side who is Qasim son of Muhammad son of Abu Bakr. He also learned from the other great scholars of Madinah. He later traveled to Iraq and was very diligent in seeking knowledge on Jurisprudence and the differences of opinion, Qur’anic Sciences, as well as Hadith and its sciences.
His Work in Chemistry
He also became a scholar in Chemistry. He spent time learning the laws of chemistry and other worldly like biology and geology. History doesn’t tell us where he learned this from, but we know that the famous scholar Jabir ibn Hayyan learned from him. We have this knowledge from various books of history and by different authors.
He distanced himself from politics. He lived a life far from the difficult strains of the political climate of his time. Because of this he steered clear of much of the oppression that came at the hands of the Umayyahs upon the progeny of the Prophet who claimed rightful leadership of the Islamic State oftentimes by insurgency.
Jafar lived with honor and dignity despite the turmoil and chaos afflicting the Muslims in his time. He was invited, but never took part in any resistance to the Caliphate. This is established in the book Al-Milal wa An-Nihal by Ash-Shahrastani when he says: ‘He never interfered with the rulers’.
Even though he didn’t involve himself in this turmoil, the Caliph Al-Mansur became worried about him specifically. He began to fear him when he heard of how many people studied with him and how much they respected his great knowledge and eminence. So Al-Mansur sent spies to go and observe him as much as possible. The problem is that one of the reasons people loved him is his simplicity. His only two concerns were knowledge and worship.
His Zeal and Fervor for Knowledge
Imam Jafar was a great scholar of fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) known for his ability to extract rulings from the many texts without following the particular methodology of his father or any other scholar. He was a mujtahid (someone who forms legal rulings through his mastery of the Arabic language, Quran, Sunnah as well as the opinions of the Companions of the Prophet).
He was also one of the first to site fundamental principles based in the Arabic language in dealing with the texts. He was known for establishing the now universal rule that the basic rule of all things and actions is permissibility unless there is a prohibition in the Quran or Sunnah. He didn’t use analogy because he was shy of using his opinion in a given matter. In other words he relied on the texts.
He taught many of the great scholars Abu Hanifah and Imam Malik and his son Musa Al-Kazhim. He was praised by many of the scholars of Hadith as well and all of them preferred his narration over others. You will find in many books of Hadith and Quranic exegesis `An Jafar ibn Muhammad. Ibn Hibban the great scholar of Hadith said about him ‘He was one of the great members of the family of the Prophet known for his knowledge and virtue.
His Opinion of Abu Bakr and Umar
It was also his practice to exalt the Companions of the Prophet especially Abu Bakr and Umar. It is narrated by Salim ibn Abi Hafsah: “I asked Muhammad and his son Jafar their opinion about Abu Bakr and Umar. Abu Jafar said: ‘be loyal to them and disavow their enemies because those two were the leaders of true guidance’. Then Jafar said: ‘O Salim, would a man slander his grandfather?’ This is because Abu Bakr is the grandfather of Jafar from his mother’s side. If I were to say such a thing then I would be prevented the intercession of the Prophet Muhammad on the Day of Judgment.
His Guidance and Direction
Imam Jafar left us with some wise direction which is close to some of the wisdom found in the Sunnah of the Prophet. This is a blessing Almighty God gives the deeply faithful and virtuous. We find many of these sayings in the books of Shi`ah (Shiite), but we will mention a few from verified authentic sources. One of the best is his commands to his son at the end of his life:
’O my son, Whoever is content with that which they are given (of sustenance) has become rich, And whoever was concerned about what others have dies as a poor man, And whoever was not content with that which he was given has charged Almighty God’s will (with injustice), and whoever held in contempt the mistakes of others is presumptuous about his own mistakes, whoever reveals the faults or shortcomings of others has uncovered a major fault of his own, whoever unsheathed his sword in tyranny or aggression is killed by it (that sword), whoever digs a hole (plots against) for his brother (in humanity) to fall in (for his demise) then God will make him (the plotter) fall in it (the hole to his demise), O my son, live according to the Qur’an, spread peace, be a promoter righteousness, be a deterrent to evil, and to whoever severs their ties with you make amends and be good to them, and whoever stops talking to you then convey a nice greeting to them.
’There is no better sustenance than God-consciousness, there isn’t a better action than silence, there is no greater enemy than ignorance and no disease worse than lying.
‘Whoever doesn’t control their anger doesn’t control their intellect.’
Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq was one of the greatest personalities in the history of Islam. He had a strong impact with his great knowledge, eminent character, and wisdom. This was the characteristic of many of the scholars of the early generations of the Prophet’s family and close companions.
He remained as a reference of knowledge in the city of the Prophet (Madinah) until he passed away in 765 C.E. at 63 years old and was buried in Al-Baqi` next to his father and grandfather along with the greatest of the Prophet’s companions.
May God be pleased with Jafar Al-Sadiq and all the grandchildren of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Here are some pieces of advice for every Muslim from Abu Ad-Darda, the wise man and Companion of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
Amr ibn Abdul-Wahid narrated that Abu Ad-Darda said:
“You will be safe as long as you love the best amongst you, and as long as you acknowledge just and constructive criticism when they befit you, for whatsoever recognizes what is just and true is like the one that does them.”
Qutaibah ibn Said narrated that Abu Ad-Darda said:
“One of the signs of man’s fiqh (true understanding of Islam), is his compassion towards himself by adopting a simple life”.
Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal narrates that Abu Ad-Dardaa said:
“The sign of man’s fiqh (true understanding) also involves his personal conduct, where he goes, from where he comes, who he sits with, and his perseverance in oft-soliciting to sit in the company of the learned ones”.
Salim ibn Abi Al-Ja`ad narrated that Abu Ad-Darda said:
“Why do I find your scholars rejecting attachment to this world, and yet your ignorant ones refuse to learn? Surely the one who teaches what is good and beneficial and the one who learns them receive equal reward; and besides these two categories, humanity is at loss”.
Abu Bakr ibn Abi Dawud narrated that Abu Ad-Darda once saw a man walking in the marketplace holding the hand of his child, whom he adorned and dressed up beautifully, and the man seemed to take great pride in his son. Abu Ad-Darda then made an audible comment, saying: “Adorn them as you please, and this will surely help boost their ego and self deception!”
Abu Bakr ibn Abi Shaibah narrated that Abu Ad-Darda said:
“Worship God as though you can see Him (always be aware of Him).”
Regard yourselves as though you have joined the dead, and understand that having a little that suffices you in this world is better than having a lot that distracts you from your true objective.