Removing Impurities By Dry Cleaning

Removing Impurities By Dry Cleaning

Removing Impurities By Dry Cleaning

Islam gives a great importance to the cleanliness and purity of one’s clothes. Almighty Allah says: 

“And your clothing purify”. (Al-Muddaththir 74:4) 

Removing Impurities By Dry Cleaning

“And your clothing purify”. (Al-Muddaththir 74:4)

It is well-known that Impurities on clothes can be removed by washing by hand or washing machines; they can also be cleaned by dry-cleaning machines.

Most of the contemporary jurists are of the view that it is a fundamental condition to remove najasah (impurity or unclean substances) with water. It is the same ruling as purification from both minor and major hadath (performing ablution or ritual bath) that can be done with water.

Imam An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said in Majmu` Al-Fatawa, “Purifying oneself from the hadath (both minor and major) and removing impurities can only be done by using clean and pure water. He also added, ‘This is the view of our school of Fiqh (Ash-Shafi`iah) and and the majority of the Salaf (rightly guided successors) and those who came after them.” 

However, Imam Abu Hanifah sees that it is allowed to purify impurities with pure liquids that could remove it. Sheikh Ibn Taiymiyah also had the same opinion.

When Sheikh Ibn `Uthaimeen was asked about such ruling, he said, “Removing impurities is not an act of worship, rather the purpose of removing impurity is to remove the uncleaned substances, so whatever remove the impurity and its traces, then It is purifier, regardless it is done with water or anything else. Indeed, according to the more correct view which was favored by Sheikh Ibn Taiymiyah, if it is removed by means of sunlight and wind, then the place is purified, because it is as I said: the issue here is the impure substance, and wherever the impure substance is found, that place is regarded as impure, and when it is removed the place goes back to its original state.”

At the end, there seems to be nothing contrary to remove impurities and uncleaned substances on clothes by dry cleaning. 

By: Editorial Staff

 

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Rulings of Istihadah

Rulings of Istihadah

Istihadah is totally different from Hayd (menstrual period) in its rulings. Istihadah does not prevent a woman from offering the acts of worship. 

Istihadah (irregular bleeding) is the vaginal bleeding of a woman. It could be continuous or it may remain for a short period of time. 

It was narrated from Fatimah bint Abi Hubaish that she suffered from Istihadah. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said to her: “If it is menstrual blood, then it is blood that is black and recognizable, so stop praying, and if it is other than that then perform Wudu’ (ablution), for it is just a (bleeding) vein.” (An-Nasa’i

Does Hayd prevent a woman from offering the acts of worship? Does istihadah prevent a woman from making `Umrah? How could a woman who suffer from irregular bleeding offer Prayer and Fasting? 

Find the answers and more about the rulings of Istihadah on this short talk with Dr. Muhammad Salah. 

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Source: Huda Youtube Channel. 

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How to Make Wudu

How to Make Wudu

How to Make Wudu

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The prayer of a person who does hadath (passes urine, stool or wind) is not accepted till he performs the ablution.” A person from Hadramowt asked Abu Hurairah, “What is ‘Hadath‘?” Abu Hurairah replied, ” ‘Hadath’ means the passing of wind.” (Muslim)

Here, Sheikh Mohammad Al-Naqwi he explains in a practical manner how to perform ablution in the correct order followed by the authenticated dua`a’ (supplication) that is usually said after finishing ablution.

Enjoy watching this talk to learn how to perform ablution in the correct order.


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Source: EDCKWT   

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Awrah of Men and Women in Prayer

Awrah of Men and Women in Prayer

Awrah in paryer

Parts that should be covered during prayer.

Almighty Allah says: “O Children of Adam, take your adornment (by wearing proper clothing) for every mosque.” (Al-A`raf 7:31)

Covering the awrah is one of the prerequisites of salah. Allah (glory be to Him) says in the Qur’an:

“O Children of Adam, take your adornment (by wearing proper clothing) for every mosque.” (Al-A`raf 7:31)

The word “adornment” here refers to covering the awrah (private parts to be covered in public), while the word “mosque” means prayer. Therefore, the whole phrase means “Cover your awrah for every prayer”.

Salamah ibn Al-Akwa` (may Allah be pleased with him) said to the Prophet (peace be upon him): “O Messenger of Allah, may I pray in a long shirt?” He said: “Yes, but button it, even with just a thorn.” (Al-Bukhari)

Man’s Awrah

As for men, they have to cover what is between the navel and thighs. But, there is disagreement regarding the navel, thighs and knees. The following hadiths prove that such parts are not part of man’s awrah.

`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated: “The Prophet was sitting with his thigh exposed when Abu Bakr asked, and received, permission to enter. The same thing happened with `Umar. However, when `Uthman sought permission to enter, the Prophet covered himself with his clothes. When they left, I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, you allowed Abu Bakr and `Umar to enter while your thigh was exposed. But when `Uthman asked permission to enter, you covered yourself with your clothes.’ He said: ‘O `A’ishah, shouldn’t I be shy of a man even the angels, by Allah, feel bashful in his presence’?” (Ahmad and Al-Bukhari)

Ibn Hazm says: “It is correct to say that the thigh is not part of awrah. Saying otherwise will conflict with the fact that Allah allowed His Prophet (peace be upon him), who is protected (from sin), to uncover his thigh so that Anas and others could see it. Allah (glory be to Him) would have kept him from doing this.”

According to Jabir, when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was young (before his Prophethood), he was once carrying the stones of the Ka`bah, wearing only a loincloth. His uncle Al-`Abbas said to him: ‘O nephew, why don’t you untie your waistcloth and put it on your shoulder for padding?’ The Prophet did so and fell unconscious. He was never seen naked again after that.”‘ (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Ibn Hazm mentions that Hubair Ibn Al-Huwairith looked at Abu Bakr’s thigh when it was uncovered.

However, the following hadith show that the thighs and so on are part of `awrah:

Muhammad Jahsh reported: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) passed by Ma’mar while his thighs were uncovered. He said to him: ‘O Ma’mar, cover your thighs, for they are (part of) `Awrah.” (Ahmad)

Women’s Awrah

There is no such controversy over what constitutes a woman’s awrah. It is stated that her entire body is awrah and must be covered, except her hands and face. Allah (glory be to Him) says in the Qur’an:

And to display of their adornment only that which is apparent (do not expose any adornment or beauty save the hands and face). (An-Nur 24:31)

It has been authentically related on the authority of Ibn `Abbas, Ibn `Umar and `A’ishah that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Allah does not accept the prayer of an adult woman unless she wears a head covering (full hijab).” (Agreed upon)

It is related from Umm Salamah that she asked the Prophet: “Can a woman pray in a long shirt (like a night shirt) and head covering without a loincloth?” He said: “If the shirt is long and flowing and covers the top of her feet (i.e. she is allowed to do do).”  (Abu Dawud)

It is also narrated that `A’ishah was asked about the kinds of garments a woman is allowed to pray in, she answered: “Ask `Ali ibn Abu Talib and then tell me what he says.” `Ali’s answer was, “In a head cover and a long flowing shirt.” On conveying this reply to `A’ishah, she said, “He has told the truth.”

Women’s clothes must cover the awrah, even if they are tight enough to highlight those features. If the clothes are so transparent that one’s skin color can be seen, they are not suitable for prayer.

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Source: onislam.net.

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`Awrah of Men and Women in Prayer

`Awrah of Men and Women in Prayer

`Awrah in paryer

Parts that should be covered during prayer.

Almighty Allah says: “O Children of Adam, take your adornment (by wearing proper clothing) for every mosque.” (Al-A`raf 7:31)

Covering the `awrah is one of the prerequisites of salah. Allah (glory be to Him) says in the Qur’an:

“O Children of Adam, take your adornment (by wearing proper clothing) for every mosque.” (Al-A`raf 7:31)

The word “adornment” here refers to covering the `awrah (private parts to be covered in public), while the word “mosque” means prayer. Therefore, the whole phrase means “Cover your `awrah for every prayer”.

Salamah ibn Al-Akwa` (may Allah be pleased with him) said to the Prophet (peace be upon him): “O Messenger of Allah, may I pray in a long shirt?” He said: “Yes, but button it, even with just a thorn.” (Al-Bukhari)

Man’s `Awrah

As for men, they have to cover what is between the navel and thighs. But, there is disagreement regarding the navel, thighs and knees. The following hadiths prove that such parts are not part of man’s `awrah.

`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated: “The Prophet was sitting with his thigh exposed when Abu Bakr asked, and received, permission to enter. The same thing happened with `Umar. However, when `Uthman sought permission to enter, the Prophet covered himself with his clothes. When they left, I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, you allowed Abu Bakr and `Umar to enter while your thigh was exposed. But when `Uthman asked permission to enter, you covered yourself with your clothes.’ He said: ‘O `A’ishah, shouldn’t I be shy of a man even the angels, by Allah, feel bashful in his presence’?” (Ahmad and Al-Bukhari)

Ibn Hazm says: “It is correct to say that the thigh is not part of `awrah. Saying otherwise will conflict with the fact that Allah allowed His Prophet (peace be upon him), who is protected (from sin), to uncover his thigh so that Anas and others could see it. Allah (glory be to Him) would have kept him from doing this.”

According to Jabir, when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was young (before his Prophethood), he was once carrying the stones of the Ka`bah, wearing only a loincloth. His uncle Al-`Abbas said to him: ‘O nephew, why don’t you untie your waistcloth and put it on your shoulder for padding?’ The Prophet did so and fell unconscious. He was never seen naked again after that.”‘ (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Ibn Hazm mentions that Hubair Ibn Al-Huwairith looked at Abu Bakr’s thigh when it was uncovered.

However, the following hadith show that the thighs and so on are part of `awrah:

Muhammad Jahsh reported: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) passed by Ma’mar while his thighs were uncovered. He said to him: ‘O Ma’mar, cover your thighs, for they are (part of) `Awrah.” (Ahmad)

Women’s `Awrah

There is no such controversy over what constitutes a woman’s `awrah. It is stated that her entire body is `awrah and must be covered, except her hands and face. Allah (glory be to Him) says in the Qur’an:

And to display of their adornment only that which is apparent (do not expose any adornment or beauty save the hands and face). (An-Nur 24:31)

It has been authentically related on the authority of Ibn `Abbas, Ibn `Umar and `A’ishah that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Allah does not accept the prayer of an adult woman unless she wears a head covering (full hijab).” (Agreed upon)

It is related from Umm Salamah that she asked the Prophet: “Can a woman pray in a long shirt (like a night shirt) and head covering without a loincloth?” He said: “If the shirt is long and flowing and covers the top of her feet (i.e. she is allowed to do do).”  (Abu Dawud)

It is also narrated that `A’ishah was asked about the kinds of garments a woman is allowed to pray in, she answered: “Ask `Ali ibn Abu Talib and then tell me what he says.” `Ali’s answer was, “In a head cover and a long flowing shirt.” On conveying this reply to `A’ishah, she said, “He has told the truth.”

Women’s clothes must cover the `awrah, even if they are tight enough to highlight those features. If the clothes are so transparent that one’s skin color can be seen, they are not suitable for prayer.

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Source: onislam.net.

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Nullification of Ablution

Nullification of Ablution

A person performing ablution for the prayer

It is necessary to wash the parts of the body that are generally exposed to dirt or other impurities.

Before offering prayers and other particular acts of worship, one must be in a state of ritual purity. It is necessary therein to wash the parts of the body that are generally exposed to dirt or other impurities. This cleansing is called wudu` (ablution) and is performed as follows:

1. Have the intention that the act is for the purpose of worship and purification. Then, begin by saying ‘bismillah’ (i.e. ‘I begin in the Name of Allah’).

2. Wash your hands up to the wrists, three times starting with the right hand.

3. Rinse your mouth with water, three times.

4. At the same time, cleanse your nostrils by sniffing water and expelling it, three times.

5. Wash your whole face three times with both hands, if possible, from the top of the forehead to the bottom of the chin and from ear to ear.

6. Wash your right arm three times up to the far end of the elbow, and then do the same with the left arm.

7. Wipe the whole head, or any part of it, with a wet hand from the front to the back, once.

8. Wipe the inner sides of your ears with the forefingers and their outer sides with the thumbs. This should be done with wet fingers once.

9 Wash your two feet up to the ankles, three times, beginning with the right foot.

The following acts render ablution null and void:

Natural Bodily Discharges

These include urine, stools, gas from behind, etc. Concerning the cases which necessitate ablution, Allah the Almighty says:

Or (if) one of you comes from the place of relieving himself… (Al-Ma’idah: 5:6)

This proves that such an act obligates new purification.

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who was one of the outstanding Companions, reported that the Messenger of Allah said: “Allah does not accept the prayer of a person who has released gas until he performs a new ablution.” A person from Hadhramawt (in Yemen) asked Abu Hurayrah: “What does releasing gas mean?” He answered: “Passing wind, with or without sound.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

He also narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “If one of you finds a disturbance in his abdomen and is not certain if he released any gas or not, he should not leave the mosque (i.e., quit his prayer) unless he hears its sound or smells its odor.” (Muslim)

Hearing the escaping gas or smelling it is not the condition that nullifies the ablution, but the certainty that passing gas has occurred. As for a discharge of Al-Mathi (prostatic fluid), the Prophet said: “Perform ablution.”

Concerning Al-Mani (sperm), Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) who was another outstanding Companion, said: “It requires ghusl (ritual bathing) and for Al-Mathi and Al-Wadi (which is secreted from the sexual organ due to sickness or fatigue), wash your sexual organs and perform ablution.” (Al-Bayhaqi)

Deep Sleep that Makes a Person Completely Unaware of his Surroundings

If the person did not keep his buttocks firmly seated on the floor while sleeping, he must make a new ablution. Safwan bin `Asal (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet used to order us while we were travelling not to take our socks off unless we were in post-sex impurity (i.e. not for defecation, urination or sleep).”

If one’s buttocks remained firmly on the floor during his sleep, no new ablution is necessary. This is implied by the narration of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “The companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) were waiting for the delayed `Isha’ (night) prayer until their heads began nodding up and down (from drowsiness and sleep). They would then pray without performing ablution.” (Muslim, Ash- Shafi`i , Abu Dawud and At-Tirmithi)

The wording that At-Tirmithi recorded from the chain of Shu`bah is: “I have seen the companions of the Prophet sleeping to the extent that one could hear some of them snoring, but, they would stand for prayer without a new ablution.” Imam Ibn Al-Mubarak (may Allah have mercy upon him) said: “In our view, this happened when they were sitting.”

Loss of Consciousness 

This nullifies the ablution, regardless of whether it was due to insanity, fainting, drunkenness, or medication. It also does not matter if one was unconscious for a short or long period of time, or if one was sitting, or fell to the ground, and so on. The aspect of unawareness here is greater than that of sleeping.  The scholars all agree on this point.

Touching the Sexual Organ without Any ‘Barrier’ (clothing, and so on) between the Hand and the Organ

Busrah bint Safwan (a female companion) narrated that the Prophet said: “Whoever touches his sexual organ cannot pray until he performs ablution.”  (Malik, Ash-Shafi`i , Ahmad and others)

Imam Abu Dawud (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “I asked Ahmad (may Allah have mercy upon him): ‘Is the hadith (prophetic narration) of Busrah authentic?’ He replied: ‘Certainly it is authentic.’”

In the narration of imams Ahmad and An-Nasa’i, Busrah heard the Prophet (peace be upon him) saying: “Ablution is to be made by the one who touches his sexual organ.”

This is general and encompasses touching one’s own sexual organs or touching anyone else’s. Abu Hurayrah reported the Prophet as saying: “Whoever touches his sexual organ without any covering (over it) must perform ablution.” (Ahmad, Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim)

Imam Ibn As-Sakan who was a Hadith scholar, said: “This hadith is from the best of what has been related on this topic,”

Imam Ash-Shafi`i related: “Any man who touches his penis must perform ablution. Any woman who touches her vagina must perform ablution.”

The scholars of the Hanafi School are of the opinion, based on the following hadith, that touching the sexual organ does not nullify the ablution: “A man asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) if a man who touches his penis has to perform ablution. The Prophet replied: “No, it is just a part of you.”

In addition to this issue (touching the sexual organ), there are other issues that are also controversial in this regard among Muslim scholars, such as excretion of pus or blood, vomiting and eating camel meat.

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Source: islamweb.net.

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