Making Up The Missed Nafl Prayers: Allowed?

Making Up The Missed Nafl Prayers: Allowed?

Making Up the Missed Nafl Prayers

Question:

Is it permissible to make up the nafl prayers (sunnah prayers) in case I missed them such as offering the sunnah before or after Zhuhr (Noon Prayer) after `Asr (Afternoon Prayer)? 

Answer:

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright.

There is an authentic evidence in the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) that it is permitted for one to offer the missed nafl prayers after their prescribed times. 

It was narrated that Um Salamah says: “Messenger of Allah, I heard you prohibiting these two rak`ahs, whereas I saw you observing them; and if he (the Prophet) points with his hand (to wait), then do wait. The slave-girl did like that. He (the Prophet) pointed out with his hand and she got aside and waited, and when he had finished (the prayer) he said: “Daughter of Abu Umaiyah. you have asked about the two rak`ahs after the `Asr prayer. Some people of ‘Abu Al-Qais came to me for embracing Islam and hindered me from observing the two rak`ahs which come after the noon prayer. So those are the two I have been praying.” (Bukhari and Muslim) 

`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said, “If the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not pray four rak`ahs before Zhuhr, he would pray them afterwards.” (Authenticated by Al-Albani) 

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Source: Huda Youtube Channel. 

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`Eid: Etiquette and Rulings

`Eid: Etiquette and Rulings

Some children are joyful and congratulating one another.

`Eid in Islam is a day of joy, thanksgiving, worship, brotherhood, solidarity, and morality.

`Eid: Etiquettes and Rulings

`Eid in Islam is a day of joy, thanksgiving, worship, brotherhood, solidarity, and morality. A Muslim should take the advantage of this day to bring himself nearer to Allah, Most High.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Every nation has its festival, and this is your festival.” Here, he referred to the fact that these two `Eids are exclusively for Muslims.

Muslims have no festivals apart from `Eid Al-Fitr and `Eid Al-Adha. Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came to Al-Madinah, the people of Madinah used to have two festivals. On those two days they had carnivals and festivity. The Prophet  asked the Ansar (the Muslims of Madinah) about it. They replied that before Islam they used to have carnivals on those two joyous days. The Prophet (peace be upon him) told them: “Instead of those two days, Allah has appointed two other days which are better, the days of `Eid Al-Fitr and `Eid Al-Adha.” (Abu Dawud)

These two `Eids are among the signs of Allah, to which we must show consideration and understand their objectives.

Rulings of `Eid

1- Fasting: It is haram to fast on the days of `Eid because of the hadith of Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) in which he said that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) forbade fasting on the day of Fitr and the day of Adha. (Muslim)

2- Offering `Eid Prayers: Some of the scholars say that `Eid Prayers are obligatory,  this is the view of the Hanafi scholars and of Sheikh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah. Some scholars say that `Eid Prayer is Fard Kifayah (a communal duty, binding on the Muslims as a group, and it is fulfilled if a sufficient number of people perform it, thereby absolving the rest of sin). This is the view of the Hanbalis. A third group say that `Eid Prayer is a confirmed sunnah. This is the view of the Malikis and Shafi`is.

3- Offering Supererogatory Prayers: There are no supererogatory prayers to be offered either before or after the `Eid Prayer, as Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to come out on the day of `Eid and pray two rak`ahs, with nothing before or after them. This is the case if the Prayer is offered in an open area. If, however, the people pray the `Eid Prayer in a mosque, then they should pray two rak`ahs for Tahiyat Al-Masjid (greeting the mosque).

4- Women Attending the `Eid Prayers: According to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) everyone is urged to attend `Eid Prayer, and to co-operate with one another in righteousness and piety. The menstruating woman should not forsake the remembrance of Allah or places of goodness such as gatherings for the purpose of seeking knowledge and remembering Allah – apart from mosques. Women, undoubtedly, should not go out without the Hijab.

Etiquette of `Eid

1- Ghusl (taking a bath): One of the good manners of `Eid is to take bath before going out to the Prayer. It was reported that Sa`id ibn Jubayr (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “Three things are Sunnah on `Eid: to walk (to the prayer-place), to take a bath, and to eat before coming out (if it’s `Eid Al-Fitr).”

2- Eating before Coming out: One should not come out to the prayer-place on `Eid Al-Fitr before eating some dates, because of the hadith of Anas ibn Malik who said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) would not go out in the morning of `Eid Al-Fitr until he had eaten some dates… and he would eat an odd number.” (Al-Bukhari)

On `Eid Al-Adha, on the other hand, it is recommended not to eat until after the Prayer, when one should eat from the meat of one’s sacrifice.

3- Takbir on the Day of `Eid: This is a great Sunnah of this day. Ad-Daraqutni and others reported that when Ibn `Umar came out on `Eid Al-Fitr and `Eid Al-Adha, he would strive hard in making Takbir until he reached the prayer-place, then he would continue making Takbir until the Imam came.

4- Congratulating one Another: People may exchange congratulations and good greetings on `Eid, no matter what form the words take. For example they may say to one another, “Taqabal Allahu minna wa minkum (may Allah accept from us and from you our good deeds!)”. Jubayr ibn Nufayr said: “At the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) when people met one another on the day of `Eid, they would say, ‘Taqabal Allahu minna wa minka.’” (Ibn Hajar)

5- Wearing one’s best Clothes for `Eid: Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) had a Jubbah (cloak) that he would wear on `Eid and on Fridays.”  Al-Bayhaqi reported that Ibn `Umar used to wear his best clothes on `Eid, so men should wear the best clothes they have when they go out for `Eid.

6- Changing Route on Returning from Prayer-place: Jabir ibn `Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that: “the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to change his routes on the day of `Eid.” (Al-Bukhari)

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Source: onislam.net.

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Why Should We Observe Taraweeh Prayer?

Why Should We Observe Taraweeh Prayer?

Taraweeh Prayer During Ramadan

Ramadan is coming soon inshallah which means that Muslims are going to fast during the day from dawn to dusk. Ramadan is the most blessed month of the year as it comes with countless virtues and blessings for those who sincerely fast its day and offer prayer to Allah Almighty. Muslims prepare themselves for offering the prayers during the day and the night. In addition to the obligatory five daily prayers, there is special prayer that Muslims offer during the night. These special prayers are called taraweeh in which long portions of the Qura’n are recited. Offering taraweeh is one of the best ways to gain the great blessings and feel the spirituality of Ramadan. 

What is Taraweeh?

Taraweeh Prayer During Ramadan

Offering taraweeh is one of the best ways to gain the greet blessings and feel the spirituality of Ramadan.

Taraweeh is originated from an Arabic word that means to relax and rest. Throughout the month of Ramadan, Muslims line up at night to observe a number of optional rak`ahs and listen to and reflect on the recitation of the Qur’an. Offering taraweeh is the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who led the companions in congregation after the time of ishaa’ (Night) prayer for three nights. Since then, this has been a tradition during the nights of Ramadan. Yet, it is not obligatory due to the following hadith narrated by `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her):

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) prayed one night in the mosque and people also prayed along with him. He then prayed on the following night and there were many persons. Then on the third or fourth night (many people) gathered there, but the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) did not come out to them (for leading the taraweeh prayer). When it was morning he said: “I saw what you were doing, but I desisted to come to you (and lead the prayer) for I feared that this prayer might become obligatory for you. (He the narrator) said: It was the month of Ramadan.” (Agreed upon)

How to Offer the Taraweeh Prayer?

It is highly recommended that Muslims should attend the taraweeh prayer in congregation at mosques after `ishaa’ Prayer. It is also preferred for women to attend these prayer at mosque if they could. However, one may also offer the prayers individually at home. Offering taraweeh in congregation at the mosque enhances the feeling of unity among Muslims. 

The proof for the legality of offering taraweeh in congregation is the following hadith,

`Abdu-Rahman ibn `Abdul-Qari said, “I went out in the company of `Umar ibn Al-Khattab one night in Ramadan to the mosque and found the people praying in different groups. A man praying alone or a man praying with a little group behind him. So, `Umar said, ‘In my opinion I would better collect these (people) under the leadership of one Qari (Reciter) (i.e. let them pray in congregation!)’. So, he made up his mind to congregate them behind Ubai ibn Ka`b. Then on another night I went again in his company and the people were praying behind their reciter. On that, `Umar remarked, ‘What an excellent bid`ah (i.e. innovation in religion) this is; but the prayer which they do not perform, but sleep at its time is better than the one they are offering.’ He meant the prayer in the last part of the night. (In those days) people used to pray in the early part of the night.” (Al-Bukhari) 

Virtues of the Taraweeh Prayers

There are many virtues and blessing of observing the taraweeh prayers during the month of Ramadan:

1- Taraweeh is one of the best deeds that makes a slave comes close to Allah Almighty and a means for forgiveness of sins.

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to urge (the people) to perform (optional taraweeh) prayer at night during the month of Ramadan. He did not order them or make it obligatory on them. He (peace be upon him) said, “Whosoever performs (optional taraweeh) prayers at night during the month of Ramadan, with Faith and in the hope of receiving Allah’s reward, will have his past sins forgiven.” (Muslim)

2- Offering Taraweeh is a revival for the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him). 

3- Offering the Taraweeh with the Imam, until he finishes, is equivalent to spending the whole night in prayers (qiyam al-layl).

It was narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever stands with the Imam until he finishes, it is equivalent to spending the whole night in prayer.” (Ibn Majah)

4- The blessed Laylat Al-qadr is observed at the last 10 nights of Ramadan.

Muslim should strive hard in worship during the last ten nights of Ramadan as in these last nights is laylat Al-qadr, of which Almighty Allah says:

The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months. (Al-Qadr 97:3) 

Observing the night prayer during that night has a greet reward as it was narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whosoever performs Qiyam during Laylat Al-qadr (Night of Decree), with Faith and being hopeful of Allah’s reward, will have his former sins forgiven.” (Agreed Upon).

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How and When to Pray the Duha Prayer?

How and When to Pray the Duha Prayer?

The Virtues of the Duha Prayer

Ishraq means the sunrise while Duha means the forenoon which comes after sunrise. 

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: “My friend (the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him) directed me to observe fasting for three days in every month, to perform two rak`ahs of Duha prayer at forenoon and to perform the Witr prayer before going to bed.” (Agreed Upon) 

The Time of the Duha Prayer

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever prays Fajr (Dawn Prayer) in congregation, then sits remembering Allah until the sun rises and prays two rak`ahs, then for him is the reward like that of a Hajj and Umrah.” (At-Trimidhi

In another hadith, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Perform the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer, then stop Prayer until the sun rises up to the height of a lance”. (Muslim

It is clear that we are not allowed to offer any voluntary prayers after Fajr Prayer till sunrise which is equivalent to approximately 15 minutes.  

The Ruling of the Duha Prayer

The most reliable view among scholars is that Duha Prayer is an emphatic sunnah (highly recommended). Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “In the morning, alms are due for him, ever fastهىل is alms, every pilgrimage is alms, every utterance of “Glory to be Allah” is alms, every utterance of “Allah is most great” is alms, every utterance of “Praise be to Allah” is alms. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) recounted all such good works. He then said: “Two rak`ahs which one prays in the Duha serve instead of that.” (Abu Dawud) 

To know more about the virtues and rulings of offering the Duha Prayer, watch this interesting talk with Dr. Muhammad Salah. 

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Source: Huda Youtube Channel. 

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Duha Prayer

Duha Prayer

A mosque in Turkey

Salat Ad-Duha is a prized prayer and whoever wishes to earn reward should pray it, while there is no blame upon the one who does not pray it.

The Excellence of the Duha Prayer

Many hadiths describe the excellence of the Duha (Forenoon) prayer as follows:

Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Charity is required from every part of your body daily. Every saying of ‘Glory be to Allah’ is charity. Every saying of ‘Praise be to Allah’ is charity. Every saying of ‘There is no God but Allah’ is charity. Every saying of ‘Allah is the Greatest’ is charity. Ordering the good is charity. Eradicating the evil is charity. And what suffices for that (as a charity) are the two rak`ahs of Duha. (Ahmad, Muslim, and Abu Dawud)

Buraidah narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “In a human (body) there are 360 joints and man must make a charity for each one.” The people said: “Who can do that, O Messenger of Allah?” He responded: “One may cover the mucus that one finds in the mosque or remove something harmful from the road. If one could not do that, he could pray two rak`ahs of Duha and that will be sufficient for him.” (Ahmad and Abu Dawud)

Talking of the legal import of these hadiths, Ash-Shawkani says: “These two hadiths point to the greatness, excellence, and importance of the Duha prayer, stressing its legality as its two rak`ahs suffice for 360 charities. Something like this should be performed regularly and persistently.

The hadiths also establish the importance of saying ‘Glory be to Allah’, ‘Praise be to Allah’, and ‘There is no God but Allah.’ And [the importance of] ordering the good, eradicating the evil, removing the spittle, removing what is harmful from the path, and such other acts that will fulfill what is required of a person of daily charities.”

An-Nawas ibn Sam`an (may Allah be pleased with him) related that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Allah said: ‘Son of Adam, do not fail in performing four rak`ahs in the early day as it will be sufficient for the latter part of the day.”‘ ( Al-Hakim and At-Tabarani )

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “My friend [the Messenger of Allah] advised me to do three things: fasting three days of every month, praying the Duha prayer, and praying the witr prayer before I sleep.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “During a journey, I saw the Messenger of Allah pray eight rak`ahs in the early day. When he finished, he said: ‘I prayed my prayer wishing and fearing. I asked my Lord for three things and He gave me two and withheld one. I asked Him not to put my Ummah to trial by famine and He granted that request. And I asked that they would not be overtaken by their enemies and He granted that request. And I asked that they not be split into groups and parties and He refused that request.”‘ (Ahmad, An-Nasa’i, and Al-Hakim)

Salat Ad-Duha is a prized prayer

Salat Ad-Duha is a prized prayer and whoever wishes to earn reward should pray it, while there is no blame upon the one who does not pray it.

Abu Sa`id Al-Kudhri (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: “The (peace be upon him) would pray Duha until we thought he would never abandon it. And he would abandon it to the point that we thought he would no longer perform it.” ( At-Tirmidhi )

Recommended time for the Duha prayer

The time for Duha begins when the sun is about a spear’s length above the horizon and it continues until the sun reaches its meridian. It is preferred to delay it until the sun has risen high and the day has become hot.

Zaid ibn Arqam (may Allah be pleased with him) relates: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) went to the people of Quba’, and they were performing Duha, and he said: ‘The prayer of devotion should be observed when the young weaned camels feel the heat of the sun.’” ( Ahmad, Muslim, and At-Tirmidhi)

Number of rak`ahs for the Duha prayer

The minimum number of rak`ahs to be prayed is two, as was mentioned in the hadith of Abu Dhar. The most that the Prophet (peace be upon him) performed was eight rak`ahs, whereas, the most he mentioned was twelve rak`ahs.

Some people, such as Abu Ja`far At-Tabari, Al-Mulaimi, and Ar-Ruwyani, who subscribes to the Shafi`i school, say there is no maximum limit to the number of rak`ahs that one may perform for Duha.

Al-`lraqi says, in the commentary on Sunan At-Tirmidhi: “None of the companions or followers are known to have restricted it to twelve rak`ahs.” As-Syuti agrees with it.

Sa`id ibn Mansur records that Al-Hassan was asked: “Did the companions perform it?” He answered: “Yes . . . some of them would pray two rak`ahs and some of them would pray four rak`ahs. And some of them would continue until half the [early] day [had passed].”

Ibrahim An-Nakha`i reports that Al-Aswad ibn Yazid was asked: “How many rak`ahs are to be prayed for Duha?” He answered: “As many as you wish .”

`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with him) reports: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) would pray four rak`ahs for Duha and would add to it whatever Allah willed.” ( Ahmad, Muslim, and ibn Majah)

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Source: Quoted with slight modifications from Sayyid Sabiq’s Fiqh As-Sunnah

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What Is the Difference between Shaf` and Witr?

What Is the Difference between Shaf` and Witr?

The Difference between Shaf` and Witr

Almighty Allah says:

“And [by] the even [number] and the odd”. (Al-Fajr 89:3) 

Witr Prayer is a single prayer (an odd number of rak`ahs) performed during the time between `Isha’ (Night Prayer) prayer and Fajr prayer. It must be the last prayers to be offered before the Fajr prayer (Dawn). It is also preferred to be offered at the last third of the night.

Shaf` in Arabic refers to pairs or even numbers, and is the opposite of witr which means odd-numbered.

Ibn Hibban narrated from Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) that he used to separate between his even-numbered prayer (shaf`) and odd-numbered prayer with a tasleem, and he said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to do that. 

This hadith indicates that what is meant by shaf` is two rak`ahs before the one rak`ah (unit of prayer) of witr.

To know more about the rulings of shaf` and witr, watch this interesting talk with Dr. Muhammad Salah.

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Source: Huda Youtube Channel. 

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