How and When to Pray the Duha Prayer?

How and When to Pray the Duha Prayer?

The Virtues of the Duha Prayer

Ishraq means the sunrise while Duha means the forenoon which comes after sunrise. 

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: “My friend (the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him) directed me to observe fasting for three days in every month, to perform two rak`ahs of Duha prayer at forenoon and to perform the Witr prayer before going to bed.” (Agreed Upon) 

The Time of the Duha Prayer

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever prays Fajr (Dawn Prayer) in congregation, then sits remembering Allah until the sun rises and prays two rak`ahs, then for him is the reward like that of a Hajj and Umrah.” (At-Trimidhi

In another hadith, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Perform the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer, then stop Prayer until the sun rises up to the height of a lance”. (Muslim

It is clear that we are not allowed to offer any voluntary prayers after Fajr Prayer till sunrise which is equivalent to approximately 15 minutes.  

The Ruling of the Duha Prayer

The most reliable view among scholars is that Duha Prayer is an emphatic sunnah (highly recommended). Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “In the morning, alms are due for him, ever fastهىل is alms, every pilgrimage is alms, every utterance of “Glory to be Allah” is alms, every utterance of “Allah is most great” is alms, every utterance of “Praise be to Allah” is alms. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) recounted all such good works. He then said: “Two rak`ahs which one prays in the Duha serve instead of that.” (Abu Dawud) 

To know more about the virtues and rulings of offering the Duha Prayer, watch this interesting talk with Dr. Muhammad Salah. 

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Source: Huda Youtube Channel. 

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Duha Prayer

Duha Prayer

A mosque in Turkey

Salat Ad-Duha is a prized prayer and whoever wishes to earn reward should pray it, while there is no blame upon the one who does not pray it.

The Excellence of the Duha Prayer

Many hadiths describe the excellence of the Duha (Forenoon) prayer as follows:

Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Charity is required from every part of your body daily. Every saying of ‘Glory be to Allah’ is charity. Every saying of ‘Praise be to Allah’ is charity. Every saying of ‘There is no God but Allah’ is charity. Every saying of ‘Allah is the Greatest’ is charity. Ordering the good is charity. Eradicating the evil is charity. And what suffices for that (as a charity) are the two rak`ahs of Duha. (Ahmad, Muslim, and Abu Dawud)

Buraidah narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “In a human (body) there are 360 joints and man must make a charity for each one.” The people said: “Who can do that, O Messenger of Allah?” He responded: “One may cover the mucus that one finds in the mosque or remove something harmful from the road. If one could not do that, he could pray two rak`ahs of Duha and that will be sufficient for him.” (Ahmad and Abu Dawud)

Talking of the legal import of these hadiths, Ash-Shawkani says: “These two hadiths point to the greatness, excellence, and importance of the Duha prayer, stressing its legality as its two rak`ahs suffice for 360 charities. Something like this should be performed regularly and persistently.

The hadiths also establish the importance of saying ‘Glory be to Allah’, ‘Praise be to Allah’, and ‘There is no God but Allah.’ And [the importance of] ordering the good, eradicating the evil, removing the spittle, removing what is harmful from the path, and such other acts that will fulfill what is required of a person of daily charities.”

An-Nawas ibn Sam`an (may Allah be pleased with him) related that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Allah said: ‘Son of Adam, do not fail in performing four rak`ahs in the early day as it will be sufficient for the latter part of the day.”‘ ( Al-Hakim and At-Tabarani )

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “My friend [the Messenger of Allah] advised me to do three things: fasting three days of every month, praying the Duha prayer, and praying the witr prayer before I sleep.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “During a journey, I saw the Messenger of Allah pray eight rak`ahs in the early day. When he finished, he said: ‘I prayed my prayer wishing and fearing. I asked my Lord for three things and He gave me two and withheld one. I asked Him not to put my Ummah to trial by famine and He granted that request. And I asked that they would not be overtaken by their enemies and He granted that request. And I asked that they not be split into groups and parties and He refused that request.”‘ (Ahmad, An-Nasa’i, and Al-Hakim)

Salat Ad-Duha is a prized prayer

Salat Ad-Duha is a prized prayer and whoever wishes to earn reward should pray it, while there is no blame upon the one who does not pray it.

Abu Sa`id Al-Kudhri (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: “The (peace be upon him) would pray Duha until we thought he would never abandon it. And he would abandon it to the point that we thought he would no longer perform it.” ( At-Tirmidhi )

Recommended time for the Duha prayer

The time for Duha begins when the sun is about a spear’s length above the horizon and it continues until the sun reaches its meridian. It is preferred to delay it until the sun has risen high and the day has become hot.

Zaid ibn Arqam (may Allah be pleased with him) relates: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) went to the people of Quba’, and they were performing Duha, and he said: ‘The prayer of devotion should be observed when the young weaned camels feel the heat of the sun.’” ( Ahmad, Muslim, and At-Tirmidhi)

Number of rak`ahs for the Duha prayer

The minimum number of rak`ahs to be prayed is two, as was mentioned in the hadith of Abu Dhar. The most that the Prophet (peace be upon him) performed was eight rak`ahs, whereas, the most he mentioned was twelve rak`ahs.

Some people, such as Abu Ja`far At-Tabari, Al-Mulaimi, and Ar-Ruwyani, who subscribes to the Shafi`i school, say there is no maximum limit to the number of rak`ahs that one may perform for Duha.

Al-`lraqi says, in the commentary on Sunan At-Tirmidhi: “None of the companions or followers are known to have restricted it to twelve rak`ahs.” As-Syuti agrees with it.

Sa`id ibn Mansur records that Al-Hassan was asked: “Did the companions perform it?” He answered: “Yes . . . some of them would pray two rak`ahs and some of them would pray four rak`ahs. And some of them would continue until half the [early] day [had passed].”

Ibrahim An-Nakha`i reports that Al-Aswad ibn Yazid was asked: “How many rak`ahs are to be prayed for Duha?” He answered: “As many as you wish .”

`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with him) reports: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) would pray four rak`ahs for Duha and would add to it whatever Allah willed.” ( Ahmad, Muslim, and ibn Majah)

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Source: Quoted with slight modifications from Sayyid Sabiq’s Fiqh As-Sunnah

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What Is the Difference between Shaf` and Witr?

What Is the Difference between Shaf` and Witr?

The Difference between Shaf` and Witr

Almighty Allah says:

“And [by] the even [number] and the odd”. (Al-Fajr 89:3) 

Witr Prayer is a single prayer (an odd number of rak`ahs) performed during the time between `Isha’ (Night Prayer) prayer and Fajr prayer. It must be the last prayers to be offered before the Fajr prayer (Dawn). It is also preferred to be offered at the last third of the night.

Shaf` in Arabic refers to pairs or even numbers, and is the opposite of witr which means odd-numbered.

Ibn Hibban narrated from Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) that he used to separate between his even-numbered prayer (shaf`) and odd-numbered prayer with a tasleem, and he said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to do that. 

This hadith indicates that what is meant by shaf` is two rak`ahs before the one rak`ah (unit of prayer) of witr.

To know more about the rulings of shaf` and witr, watch this interesting talk with Dr. Muhammad Salah.

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Source: Huda Youtube Channel. 

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Tarawih Prayer: Excellence and Virtues

Tarawih Prayer: Excellence and Virtues

Tarawih Prayer

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “He who observes Tarawih prayer (night prayer during Ramadan) throughout Ramadan, out of sincerity of Faith and in the hope of earning reward will have his past sins pardoned..” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Taraweeh prayer is one of the highlighted acts of worship that is offered during the nights of Ramadan after performing the obligatory `Isha’ and before the witr.

Sheikh Ismail Rufai talks in brief about the virtues and excellence of the night prayer in light of the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

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Source: Huda TV.

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When Do the Last 10 Nights of Ramadan and Itikaf Begin?

The Last 10 Nights of Ramadan

`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to strive more in worship during Ramadan than he strove in any other time of the year; and he would devote himself more (in the worship of Allah) in the last ten nights of Ramadan than he strove in earlier part of the month.” (Muslim)
In another hadith, `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: “With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) would pray all the night, and would keep his family awake for the prayers. He tied his lower garment (i.e., avoided sleeping with his wives) and devoted himself entirely to prayer and supplication.” (Agreed Upon)

When do the last 10 nights begin? Do the last 10 days mean the same thing? People do tend to get confused. Also regarding itikaf, when do people begin? When do the last 10 nights end? Watch this short video to get the answer with Sheikh Abu Eesa.

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Source: Faithiq Youtube Channel.

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Consequences of Not Offering Friday Prayer

Consequences of Not Offering Friday Prayer

Importance and Virtues of Friday Prayer 

Question:

Is there an excuse for not attending the Friday Prayer?

Answer:

The main purpose of our creation is to worship Allah Almighty alone. The Qur’an says:

And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me. (Adh-Dhariyat 51:56)

Seeking knowledge, education, or getting a job are all recommended, but what is most important is answering the call of prayer once it is due. It was narrated that Ibn Um Maktum asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) saying: “O Messenger of Allah, I am a blind man, my house is far away (from the mosque), and I have a guide who does not follow me. Is it possible that permission be granted to me for saying prayer in my house? He asked: Do you hear summons (adhan)? He said: Yes. He said: I do not find any permission for you.” (Abu Dawud)

We hear in the adhan (call to prayer), Come to the prayer, Come to success. The ultimate success is achieved by answering the call of Allah while the ultimate loss is neglecting His call. Friday is a surah in the Book of Allah that was named after a verse within it which says,

O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the prayer on the day of Jumu’ah [Friday], then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade. That is better for you, if you only knew. (Al-Jumu`ah 62:9)

The verse urges a Muslim to leave everything in his hand and to go as early as possible to the mosque before the Imam climbs the minbar.  Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported:

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “He who takes a bath on Friday, like the bath for ceremonial purity, and then goes (to the mosque), he is like one who offers a camel as a sacrifice to seek the Pleasure of Allah; and he who comes at the second hour is like one who offers a cow to win the Pleasure of Allah; and he who comes at the third hour is like one who offers a ram with horns (in sacrifice); and he who comes at the fourth hour is like one who offers a hen; and he who comes at the fifth hour is like one who offers an egg. And when the Imam ascends the pulpit, the angels (who write the names of those who come to the mosque before the coming of the Imam) close (their record) in order to listen to the Khutbah.” (Agreed Upon)

Warning against Neglecting Friday Prayer

It was narrated from Abu Al-Ja`d Ad-Damri -who was a Companion of the Prophet – that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever missed three jumu`ahs out of negligence, Allah Almighty will place a seal over his heart.” (An-Nasai’)

Watch to learn more about the rulings of the Friday and the consequences of not offering it.

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Source: Iqra Youtube Channel.

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