Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “He who observes Tarawih prayer (night prayer during Ramadan) throughout Ramadan, out of sincerity of Faith and in the hope of earning reward will have his past sins pardoned..” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
Taraweeh prayer is one of the highlighted acts of worship that is offered during the nights of Ramadan after performing the obligatory `Isha’ and before the witr.
Sheikh Ismail Rufai talks in brief about the virtues and excellence of the night prayer in light of the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Source: Huda TV.
The Last 10 Nights of Ramadan
`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to strive more in worship during Ramadan than he strove in any other time of the year; and he would devote himself more (in the worship of Allah) in the last ten nights of Ramadan than he strove in earlier part of the month.” (Muslim)
In another hadith, `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: “With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) would pray all the night, and would keep his family awake for the prayers. He tied his lower garment (i.e., avoided sleeping with his wives) and devoted himself entirely to prayer and supplication.” (Agreed Upon)
When do the last 10 nights begin? Do the last 10 days mean the same thing? People do tend to get confused. Also regarding itikaf, when do people begin? When do the last 10 nights end? Watch this short video to get the answer with Sheikh Abu Eesa.
Source: Faithiq Youtube Channel.
Importance and Virtues of Friday Prayer
Is there an excuse for not attending the Friday Prayer?
The main purpose of our creation is to worship Allah Almighty alone. The Qur’an says:
And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me. (Adh-Dhariyat 51:56)
Seeking knowledge, education, or getting a job are all recommended, but what is most important is answering the call of prayer once it is due. It was narrated that Ibn Um Maktum asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) saying: “O Messenger of Allah, I am a blind man, my house is far away (from the mosque), and I have a guide who does not follow me. Is it possible that permission be granted to me for saying prayer in my house? He asked: Do you hear summons (adhan)? He said: Yes. He said: I do not find any permission for you.” (Abu Dawud)
We hear in the adhan (call to prayer), Come to the prayer, Come to success. The ultimate success is achieved by answering the call of Allah while the ultimate loss is neglecting His call. Friday is a surah in the Book of Allah that was named after a verse within it which says,
O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the prayer on the day of Jumu’ah [Friday], then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade. That is better for you, if you only knew. (Al-Jumu`ah 62:9)
The verse urges a Muslim to leave everything in his hand and to go as early as possible to the mosque before the Imam climbs the minbar. Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “He who takes a bath on Friday, like the bath for ceremonial purity, and then goes (to the mosque), he is like one who offers a camel as a sacrifice to seek the Pleasure of Allah; and he who comes at the second hour is like one who offers a cow to win the Pleasure of Allah; and he who comes at the third hour is like one who offers a ram with horns (in sacrifice); and he who comes at the fourth hour is like one who offers a hen; and he who comes at the fifth hour is like one who offers an egg. And when the Imam ascends the pulpit, the angels (who write the names of those who come to the mosque before the coming of the Imam) close (their record) in order to listen to the Khutbah.” (Agreed Upon)
Warning against Neglecting Friday Prayer
It was narrated from Abu Al-Ja`d Ad-Damri -who was a Companion of the Prophet – that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever missed three jumu`ahs out of negligence, Allah Almighty will place a seal over his heart.” (An-Nasai’)
Watch to learn more about the rulings of the Friday and the consequences of not offering it.
Source: Iqra Youtube Channel.
It is highly recommended that if one has to choose between two permissible alternatives, one should offer two recommended rak`ahs during any time of the day or the night, and recite therein whatever one wishes from the Qur’an after reciting Surat Al-Fatihah.
Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to teach us the Istikharah Prayer for each and every matter as he used to teach us the Surah from the Qur’an. (He used to say), “If anyone of you intends to do something, he should offer a two rak`ahs (units of prayer) prayer other than the obligatory prayer, and then say: ‘O Allah, I seek Your counsel by Your knowledge and by Your power I seek strength and I ask You from Your immense favor, for verily You are able while I am not and verily You know while I do not and You are the Knower of the unseen. O Allah, if You know this affair -and here he mentions his need- to be good for me in relation to my religion, my life, and end, then decree and facilitate it for me, and bless me with it, and if You know this affair to be ill for me towards my religion, my life, and end, then remove it from me and remove me from it, and decree for me what is good wherever it be and make me satisfied with such.’” Then he should mention his matter (need). (Al-Bukhari)
In this short talk, Dr. Ahmad Saqr explains the rulings and etiquettes of the Istikharah Prayer (Prayer for seeking guidance) in the light of the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
The prayer for rain is taken recourse to when seeking rain from Allah during times of drought.
This prayer is taken recourse to when seeking rain from Allah during times of drought. It may be performed in one of the following manners:
1- The imam (leader of prayer) prays, with the followers, two rak`ahs (units of prayer) during any time except those times in which it is not desirable to pray. In the first rak`ah, the imam recites Surat Al-A`la (the 78th chapter of the Qur’an) after Surat Al-Fatihah (the first chapter of the Qur’an). And in the second rak`ah, he reads Surat Al-Ghashiyah (the 88th chapter of the Qur’an) after Al-Fatihah, and he delivers a khutbah before or after the Salah.
As soon as he finishes the khutbah, the people present should turn their outer garments around, each placing its left side on his right side and its right side on his left, face the qiblah (direction of the Ka`bah), supplicate to Allah and raise their hands while doing so.
Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) went out [to make the Salat Al-Istisqa’] wearing old clothes, in a humble and lowly manner, and prayed two rak`ahs as he prayed the `Eid, but he did not give a similar khutbah.” (Agreed upon)
`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) says: “The people complained to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) about lack of rain, so he gave orders for a pulpit, and when it was set up for him, he appointed a day for the people to gather. He came out on that day when the sun had just appeared and sat down on the pulpit. He extolled Allah’s greatness and praised Him. Then he said: ‘You have complained of drought in your areas and of delay in receiving rain at the beginning of its season, but you have been ordered by Allah to supplicate Him and He has promised that He would answer your prayers.’ Then he said: ‘All praise is for Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful, the King of the Day of Judgment. There is no God but Allah Who does what He wishes. O Allah, there is no God except You. You are the Self-sufficient and we are the poor. Send down rain upon us and make it a source of strength for us and satisfaction for us.’ He then raised his hands and kept raising them till the whiteness of his armpits could be seen.
After this, he turned his back to the people and inverted his cloak, keeping his hands raised. Finally, he faced the people, descended from the pulpit, and prayed two rak`ahs. At that time Allah produced a cloud, thunder, and lightning. And, by Allah’s permission, it rained and before he reached the mosque there was flooding. Then he saw how quickly the people were running for shelter, he laughed until his molar teeth could be seen. He said: ‘I bear witness that Allah has power over all things and I am Allah’s slave and Messenger.’” (Al-Hakim and Abu Dawud)
2- The supplication for rain can also be made on the occasion of Salat Al-Jumu`ah (Friday Prayer). In this case, the imam makes supplications during khutbat Al-jumu`ah with the people of the congregation saying (Ameen).
Shuraik narrated on the authority of Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that a man entered the mosque on Friday while the Prophet (peace be upon him) was addressing the people. The man said: “O Messenger of Allah, our wealth has been destroyed and we have no transport to the market place. Supplicate for us for rain.” The Prophet raised his hands and said: “O Allah, give us rain. O Allah, give us rain. O Allah, give us rain.”Anas said: “By Allah, at that time there were no clouds in the sky and there was no house or building between us and the mountain. From behind the mountain came a cloud looking like a shield. By the time it reached the middle of the sky, it burst and started to rain. By Allah, we did not see the sun for one week. Then, on the next Friday, a man entered the mosque from that (same) door while the Prophet was making the address. The man faced the Prophet and said: ‘Our livestock is dead and the paths are unpassable. Ask Allah to make it stop.’ The Prophet raised his hands and said: ‘O Allah, around us and not upon us. O Allah, make it upon the hills, small mountains, bottom of the valleys, and plantations.’ The rain stopped and we walked out in the sunshine.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
3- One may also make a supplication (for rain) without it being Friday and regardless of whether or not the prayer takes place inside or outside the mosque.
Shurahbil ibn As-Simt said to Ka`b ibn Murrah (may Allah be pleased with them): “O Ka`b, relate to us something from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him).” Ka`b said: “When a man came and said to the Prophet of Allah, ‘Seek rain for the tribe of Mudar,’ I heard the Prophet say: ‘You are a bold man. You want me to seek rain for the tribe of Mudar?’ The man said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, you have sought victory from Allah and He gave you victory. You supplicated Allah and He answered you.’ The Messenger of Allah raised his hands and said: ‘O Allah, give us a saving rain, good and productive, general and heavy, now and not later, beneficial and not harmful.’ Allah responded to his supplication. It was not long before the people came complaining about the profusion of rain, and damage to their dwellings. The Messenger of Allah raised his hands and said: ‘O Allah, around us and not upon us.’ The clouds began dispersing left and right.” (Ahmad and Ibn Majah)
Some supplications for rain:
The following are some of the supplications that have been transmitted.
Ash-Shafi`i states that it has been related from Salim ibn `Abdullah, on the authority of his father that the Prophet (peace be upon him) would say for istisqa’: “O Allah, give us a saving rain, productive, plentiful, general, continuous. O Allah, give us rain and do not make us among the despondent. O Allah, (Your) slaves, land, animals, and (Your) creation all are suffering and seek protection. And we do not complain except to You. O Allah, let our crops grow, and let the udders be refilled. Give us from the blessings of the sky and grow for us from the blessings of the earth. O Allah, remove from us the hardship, starvation, and barrenness and remove the affliction from us as no one removes afflictions save Thee. O Allah, we seek Your forgiveness as You are the Forgiving, and send upon us plenteous rains.” Ash-Shafi`i said: “I prefer that the imam would supplicate with that (prayer).”
Sa`d reported that for istisqa’, the Prophet would supplicate: “O Allah, let us be covered with thick clouds that have abundant and beneficial rain, frequently making a light rain upon us and sprinkling upon us with lightning. O Allah, You are full of majesty, bounty and Honor.” (Abu `Awanah in his Sahih collection)
`Amr ibn Shuaib relates from his father, on the authority of his grandfather (may Allah be pleased with them), that for istisqa’, the Prophet would say: “O Allah, provide water for Your slaves and Your cattle, display Your mercy and give life to Your dead lands.” (Abu Dawud)
It is preferred for the one who is making this supplication to raise his hands with the back of his hands toward the sky. Muslim records from Anas that the Prophet (peace be upon him) would point with the back of his hands during istisqa’.
It is also preferred, upon seeing the rain, to say: “O Allah, make it a beneficial rain” and he should uncover part of his body to the rain. On the other hand, if one fears that there is too much rain, one should say: “O Allah give us mercy and do not give us punishment, calamities, destruction or flooding. O Allah, make it upon the woods, farms and trees. Make it around us and not upon us.” All of this is authentic and confirmed from the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Source: Quoted with slight modifications from Sayyid Sabiq’s Fiqh As-Sunnah.
The word “`Eid” means a recurring festival. The name of `Eid Al-Adha means the Feast of Sacrifice. It is celebrated on the tenth day of the lunar month of Dhul-Hijjah.
Here, Dr. Islam Rajab talks in detail about the rulings that should be performed during the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. He begins his talk by mentioning the merits and the time to start making takbir which starts from the first day of Dhul-Hijjah. There is a specific takbir that is made after each obligatory prayer starting from the Down Prayer of the ninth day, that is `Arafah, until the Afternoon Prayer of the thirteen’s day of the same month.
Then, he goes on explaining the exact time of Both `Eid Al-Fitr and `Eid Al-Adha according to the guidance of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Follow us on this fascinating talk with Dr. Islam Rajab to learn more about the etiquettes and recommended acts that should be done during the `Eids.