One of the significant features of the month is Tarawih prayer.
Ramadan is a time when Muslims are required to concentrate on their faith and spend less time on the concerns of their everyday lives. The whole atmosphere is permeated with religious piety and devotion to Allah. One of the significant features of the month is Tarawih prayer for which Muslims gather every night in the mosque and listen to the recitation of the whole Qur’an during the month. There is nothing wrong if people make du`a’ (supplication) or dhikr (remembrance of Allah) during the intervals between rak`ahs of the Tarawih prayer.
Commenting on this issue, Sheikh `Atiyah Saqr, former head of Al-Azhar Fatwa Committee, states:
There is no proof against making du`a’, dhikr, or reciting the Qur’an in the intervals separating every two or four rak`ahs in Tarawih prayer. This is included in the general command of making dhikr at all times. The fact that the righteous predecessors, through whom legislation reached us, did not do it is not an indication that it is prohibited, not to mention that there is no authentic report from them that it is impermissible.
This interval is similar to the practice of the people of Makkah who used to make tawaf (circumambulation) around the Ka`bah during the intervals, which incited the people of Madinah to perform more than twenty rak`ahs in Tarawih in order to compensate for the tawaf they missed (as they are not in the Holy Mosque).
In fact, it is a way that enable people to know the number of rak`ahs they have offered in addition to getting refreshed. Therefore, there is nothing wrong in it at all, and it does not fall under the heading of bid`ah (innovation). This is because the general texts and rules support this practice and do not go against it.
If this practice is called an innovation, then we would say: This is a good bid`ah, as Caliph `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) stated when he saw all Muslims gathering to pray Tarawih in congregation behind Ubay ibn Ka`b (though they mostly prayed it individually during the Prophet’s lifetime).
In the Egyptian Encyclopedia of Fatwas, it is stated:
It is recommended to wait for a period (equal to four rak`ahs of prayer) after each four rak`ahs they offer and between the fifth interval and the witr prayer. This is the practice of the righteous predecessors since Ubayy ibn Ka`b (may Allah be pleased with him) led Muslims in the Tarawih prayer. Abu Hanifah (may Allah have mercy upon him) stated that this is inferred from the Arabic word Tarawih (from the Arabic root rawah meaning ‘to have a rest’).
What is recommendable is to wait for a while. But there is nothing reported from the righteous predecessors to be said in such intervals. The people of each city can choose between reciting the Qur’an, saying tasbih (the formula subhan Allah), performing four rak`ahs individually, saying la ilaha illa-Allah (there is no god but Allah), takbir (the formula Allahu Akbar), or remain silent while sitting.
In conclusion, it is clear now that it is recommendable for Muslims while performing Tarawih prayer to make pauses between its rak`ahs as a means of refreshment. There is nothing wrong in saying du`a’ or making dhikr, but they have freedom to say dhikr, recite the Qur’an or remain silent.
Eid Prayer at Home During the Lockdown
In the name of Allah, we praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright.
What is Eid in Islam?
Muslims celebrate two Eids each year. The Eid day starts by performing a prayer that is one of the most recommended acts to Muslims and they consist of two rakahs and a sermon that reminds them of the Islamic ethics. The first, Eid Al-Fitr, occurs when Muslims have finished fasting the month of Ramadan, while the second, Eid Al-Adha, signals the end of the first 10 days of the lunar month, Dhul-Hijjah.
Muslims are encouraged to pray Eid in their homes with their own families
How many Rakahs of Eid Prayer?
Eid Salat (prayer) consists of two rakahs (units of prayer).
Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) went out and offered a two rakahs prayer on the Day of Eid Al-Fitr and did not offer any other prayer before or after it and at that time Bilal was accompanying him. (Al-Bukhari)
Method of Eid Prayer
The first rakah begins, just like all other prayers, by takbirat al-ihram (the first takbeer made by the praying person, and by which he begins the prayer), then by making seven more takbeer, and in the second rakah – five takbeer are made excluding the takbeer of standing back up.
`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) would say the takbeer (Allah is most great) seven times in the first rakah and five times in the second rakah on the day of the breaking of the fast and on the day of sacrifice (on the occasion of both the ‘Id prayers, the two festivals). (Abu Dawud)
What is the Ruling of Eid Prayer?
The scholars have three opinions regrading the ruling of Eid Prayer:
Eid Prayer is Sunnah Mu’kkadah according to Maliki and Shaf’i jurisprudence.
It is communal obligation. This is the view of Imam Ahmad.
It is a duty for each Muslim and is obligatory for men; those who do not do it with no excuse are sinning thereby. This is the view of Imam Abu Hanifah, and was also narrated from Imam Ahmad. Among those who favored this view were Sheikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah and Ash-Shawkani (may Allah have mercy on them).
What is the Ruling of Offering Eid Payer at Home due to Covid-19?
In light of the masajid being shut down due to the COVID-19 crisis and the upcoming Eid prayers, the Muslims are encouraged to pray Eid in their homes with their own families (or individually in case one is living by oneself), and there is no need for a khuṭbah.
While the general rule is that Eid ṣalat should be prayed in a large congregation, it is permissible even in regular circumstances for the one who missed Eid to make it up at home. Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) once missed the Eid prayer in Basrah, so he gathered his family and had one of his household lead them in two rakahs. And Aṭa’ ibn Abi Rabaḥ (d. 114 AH) said regarding one who missed the Eid prayer, “Let him pray two rakahs and say the takbeer“; as well Hammad ibn Abi Sulayman (d. 120 AH), the famous scholar of Kufa and teacher of Imam Abu Hanifah, said when asked the same question, “He should pray as they prayed, and do the takbeer as they did.” [Muṣannaf of Ibn Abi Shaybah, 2/4-5]. All of these reports are regarding those who missed Eid for any reason.
Given our current situation, we advise families to observe all of the Sunnahs of Eid (of taking a ghusl, eating a breakfast, wearing one’s best garments, saying the general takbeer after Fajr, etc.) and then praying a congregational prayer at home with their own families, with the special takbeer of Eid.
All our four schools of law state that attending the khuṭbah of Eid is not obligatory, nor is the khuṭbah a requirement of the Eid prayer, it is not required to give Khutbah in every home.
How to Pray Eid Salah – step by step?
One can Pray after 15 minutes of sunrise.
Make the intention to perform Eid prayer
– Eid Payer should be in the same manner like Masjid or mosque.
– Eid payer will be two rakahs, the surah should be read out loud. This includes Surat Al-Fatihah (the Opening Chapter) and another short surah.
– In the first rakah, there will be seven takbeer. This includes the opening takbeer to start the prayer, followed by six more, recite surat Al-Fatihah, and then a short surah (Surat Al-`Ala is recommended).
– In the second rakah there will be five takbeer after you get up, followed by reciting surat Al-Fatihah and a short surah (surat Al-Ghashiah is recommended).
– One can raise both hands out for each takbeer.
We would like to wish you and your loved ones Eid Mubarak!
Pray the Nafl Prayers (Sunnah) Regularly
Um Habibah narrated that Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever prays twelve rak`ahs in a day and night, a house will be built from him in Paradise: four rak`ahs before Zhuhr, two rak`ahs after it, two rak`ahs after Maghrib, two rak`ahs after `Isha’, and two rak`ahs before Fajr in the morning Salat.” (At-Trimidhi)
Nafl or Sunnah prayers are very beneficial and important. Offering the Sunnah acts of worship is a sign and evidence for following the Prophet (peace be upon him). It is optional and voluntary. The Muslim is not sinful for neglecting nafl, but is rewarded for doing it. Therefore, nafl worship is recommended. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) narrated from Allah Most High that He said, “And my servant continues to draw closer to me by voluntary actions until I love him…” (Al-Bukhari)
It was also narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The first thing that the people will be called to account for on the Day of Resurrection will be the prayers. Our Lord will say to the angels although He knows better: ‘Look into the prayer (formal obligatory prayer) of my servant to see if he observed it perfectly or has been negligent in it.’ So if he observed it perfectly it will be recorded to his credit, but if he had been negligent in it in any way, Allah would say: ‘See if My servant has any extra prayers.’ Then if he has any extra prayers, Allah would say: ‘Make up the deficiency in My servant’s obligatory prayer with his supererogatory prayers.’ Thereafter all his actions will be examined in like manner”. (Abu Dawud)
Voluntary prayers, whether in gratitude for Allah’s numerous bounties or for guidance, or a need help us find direction in life, supplement our spiritual efforts, and enter us into the infinite grace and mercy of Allah. Allah the Almighty says,
Recite, [O Muhammad], what has been revealed to you of the Book and establish prayer. Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing, and the remembrance of Allah is greater. And Allah knows that which you do. (Al-`Ankabut 29:45)
Prayer is indeed the ultimate gift.
In this short video, Dr. Muhammad Salah gives us some advice on how to pray the nafl prayers regularly.
Source: Huda Youtube Channel.
Making Up the Missed Nafl Prayers
Is it permissible to make up the nafl prayers (sunnah prayers) in case I missed them such as offering the sunnah before or after Zhuhr (Noon Prayer) after `Asr (Afternoon Prayer)?
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright.
There is an authentic evidence in the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) that it is permitted for one to offer the missed nafl prayers after their prescribed times.
It was narrated that Um Salamah says: “Messenger of Allah, I heard you prohibiting these two rak`ahs, whereas I saw you observing them; and if he (the Prophet) points with his hand (to wait), then do wait. The slave-girl did like that. He (the Prophet) pointed out with his hand and she got aside and waited, and when he had finished (the prayer) he said: “Daughter of Abu Umaiyah. you have asked about the two rak`ahs after the `Asr prayer. Some people of ‘Abu Al-Qais came to me for embracing Islam and hindered me from observing the two rak`ahs which come after the noon prayer. So those are the two I have been praying.” (Bukhari and Muslim)
`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said, “If the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not pray four rak`ahs before Zhuhr, he would pray them afterwards.” (Authenticated by Al-Albani)
Source: Huda Youtube Channel.
`Eid in Islam is a day of joy, thanksgiving, worship, brotherhood, solidarity, and morality.
`Eid: Etiquettes and Rulings
`Eid in Islam is a day of joy, thanksgiving, worship, brotherhood, solidarity, and morality. A Muslim should take the advantage of this day to bring himself nearer to Allah, Most High.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Every nation has its festival, and this is your festival.” Here, he referred to the fact that these two `Eids are exclusively for Muslims.
Muslims have no festivals apart from `Eid Al-Fitr and `Eid Al-Adha. Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came to Al-Madinah, the people of Madinah used to have two festivals. On those two days they had carnivals and festivity. The Prophet asked the Ansar (the Muslims of Madinah) about it. They replied that before Islam they used to have carnivals on those two joyous days. The Prophet (peace be upon him) told them: “Instead of those two days, Allah has appointed two other days which are better, the days of `Eid Al-Fitr and `Eid Al-Adha.” (Abu Dawud)
These two `Eids are among the signs of Allah, to which we must show consideration and understand their objectives.
Rulings of `Eid
1- Fasting: It is haram to fast on the days of `Eid because of the hadith of Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) in which he said that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) forbade fasting on the day of Fitr and the day of Adha. (Muslim)
2- Offering `Eid Prayers: Some of the scholars say that `Eid Prayers are obligatory, this is the view of the Hanafi scholars and of Sheikh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah. Some scholars say that `Eid Prayer is Fard Kifayah (a communal duty, binding on the Muslims as a group, and it is fulfilled if a sufficient number of people perform it, thereby absolving the rest of sin). This is the view of the Hanbalis. A third group say that `Eid Prayer is a confirmed sunnah. This is the view of the Malikis and Shafi`is.
3- Offering Supererogatory Prayers: There are no supererogatory prayers to be offered either before or after the `Eid Prayer, as Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to come out on the day of `Eid and pray two rak`ahs, with nothing before or after them. This is the case if the Prayer is offered in an open area. If, however, the people pray the `Eid Prayer in a mosque, then they should pray two rak`ahs for Tahiyat Al-Masjid (greeting the mosque).
4- Women Attending the `Eid Prayers: According to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) everyone is urged to attend `Eid Prayer, and to co-operate with one another in righteousness and piety. The menstruating woman should not forsake the remembrance of Allah or places of goodness such as gatherings for the purpose of seeking knowledge and remembering Allah – apart from mosques. Women, undoubtedly, should not go out without the Hijab.
Etiquette of `Eid
1- Ghusl (taking a bath): One of the good manners of `Eid is to take bath before going out to the Prayer. It was reported that Sa`id ibn Jubayr (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “Three things are Sunnah on `Eid: to walk (to the prayer-place), to take a bath, and to eat before coming out (if it’s `Eid Al-Fitr).”
2- Eating before Coming out: One should not come out to the prayer-place on `Eid Al-Fitr before eating some dates, because of the hadith of Anas ibn Malik who said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) would not go out in the morning of `Eid Al-Fitr until he had eaten some dates… and he would eat an odd number.” (Al-Bukhari)
On `Eid Al-Adha, on the other hand, it is recommended not to eat until after the Prayer, when one should eat from the meat of one’s sacrifice.
3- Takbir on the Day of `Eid: This is a great Sunnah of this day. Ad-Daraqutni and others reported that when Ibn `Umar came out on `Eid Al-Fitr and `Eid Al-Adha, he would strive hard in making Takbir until he reached the prayer-place, then he would continue making Takbir until the Imam came.
4- Congratulating one Another: People may exchange congratulations and good greetings on `Eid, no matter what form the words take. For example they may say to one another, “Taqabal Allahu minna wa minkum (may Allah accept from us and from you our good deeds!)”. Jubayr ibn Nufayr said: “At the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) when people met one another on the day of `Eid, they would say, ‘Taqabal Allahu minna wa minka.’” (Ibn Hajar)
5- Wearing one’s best Clothes for `Eid: Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) had a Jubbah (cloak) that he would wear on `Eid and on Fridays.” Al-Bayhaqi reported that Ibn `Umar used to wear his best clothes on `Eid, so men should wear the best clothes they have when they go out for `Eid.
6- Changing Route on Returning from Prayer-place: Jabir ibn `Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that: “the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to change his routes on the day of `Eid.” (Al-Bukhari)
Taraweeh Prayer During Ramadan
Ramadan is coming soon inshallah which means that Muslims are going to fast during the day from dawn to dusk. Ramadan is the most blessed month of the year as it comes with countless virtues and blessings for those who sincerely fast its day and offer prayer to Allah Almighty. Muslims prepare themselves for offering the prayers during the day and the night. In addition to the obligatory five daily prayers, there is special prayer that Muslims offer during the night. These special prayers are called taraweeh in which long portions of the Qura’n are recited. Offering taraweeh is one of the best ways to gain the great blessings and feel the spirituality of Ramadan.
What is Taraweeh?
Offering taraweeh is one of the best ways to gain the greet blessings and feel the spirituality of Ramadan.
Taraweeh is originated from an Arabic word that means to relax and rest. Throughout the month of Ramadan, Muslims line up at night to observe a number of optional rak`ahs and listen to and reflect on the recitation of the Qur’an. Offering taraweeh is the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who led the companions in congregation after the time of ishaa’ (Night) prayer for three nights. Since then, this has been a tradition during the nights of Ramadan. Yet, it is not obligatory due to the following hadith narrated by `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her):
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) prayed one night in the mosque and people also prayed along with him. He then prayed on the following night and there were many persons. Then on the third or fourth night (many people) gathered there, but the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) did not come out to them (for leading the taraweeh prayer). When it was morning he said: “I saw what you were doing, but I desisted to come to you (and lead the prayer) for I feared that this prayer might become obligatory for you. (He the narrator) said: It was the month of Ramadan.” (Agreed upon)
How to Offer the Taraweeh Prayer?
It is highly recommended that Muslims should attend the taraweeh prayer in congregation at mosques after `ishaa’ Prayer. It is also preferred for women to attend these prayer at mosque if they could. However, one may also offer the prayers individually at home. Offering taraweeh in congregation at the mosque enhances the feeling of unity among Muslims.
The proof for the legality of offering taraweeh in congregation is the following hadith,
`Abdu-Rahman ibn `Abdul-Qari said, “I went out in the company of `Umar ibn Al-Khattab one night in Ramadan to the mosque and found the people praying in different groups. A man praying alone or a man praying with a little group behind him. So, `Umar said, ‘In my opinion I would better collect these (people) under the leadership of one Qari (Reciter) (i.e. let them pray in congregation!)’. So, he made up his mind to congregate them behind Ubai ibn Ka`b. Then on another night I went again in his company and the people were praying behind their reciter. On that, `Umar remarked, ‘What an excellent bid`ah (i.e. innovation in religion) this is; but the prayer which they do not perform, but sleep at its time is better than the one they are offering.’ He meant the prayer in the last part of the night. (In those days) people used to pray in the early part of the night.” (Al-Bukhari)
Virtues of the Taraweeh Prayers
There are many virtues and blessing of observing the taraweeh prayers during the month of Ramadan:
1- Taraweeh is one of the best deeds that makes a slave comes close to Allah Almighty and a means for forgiveness of sins.
Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to urge (the people) to perform (optional taraweeh) prayer at night during the month of Ramadan. He did not order them or make it obligatory on them. He (peace be upon him) said, “Whosoever performs (optional taraweeh) prayers at night during the month of Ramadan, with Faith and in the hope of receiving Allah’s reward, will have his past sins forgiven.” (Muslim)
2- Offering Taraweeh is a revival for the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
3- Offering the Taraweeh with the Imam, until he finishes, is equivalent to spending the whole night in prayers (qiyam al-layl).
It was narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever stands with the Imam until he finishes, it is equivalent to spending the whole night in prayer.” (Ibn Majah)
4- The blessed Laylat Al-qadr is observed at the last 10 nights of Ramadan.
Muslim should strive hard in worship during the last ten nights of Ramadan as in these last nights is laylat Al-qadr, of which Almighty Allah says:
The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months. (Al-Qadr 97:3)
Observing the night prayer during that night has a greet reward as it was narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whosoever performs Qiyam during Laylat Al-qadr (Night of Decree), with Faith and being hopeful of Allah’s reward, will have his former sins forgiven.” (Agreed Upon).