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The Greatest Prophets between Christianity and Islam: 15-Prophet Elisha

The Greatest Prophets between Christianity and Islam: 15-Prophet Elisha

 

Prophet Elisha

The biblical texts equate Elisha with Jesus in terms of miracles

Elisha was a prophet from the children of Israel. Only a few details were provided about him in the Qur’an. However, the Qur’an honors and praises him in the two positions where he is named.

In fact, the Qur’anic Elisha is more likely to be the biblical one. Anyway, let’s make a simple comparison between Elisha in the Qur’an and Elisha in the Bible.

Prophet Elisha in Christianity

Prophet Elisha in the Bible was a prophet from the children of Israel whom God seemingly enabled to perform miracles like, or even maybe more than, those of Jesus. For example, he raised the dead and healed the blind and the leprous.

Just as the Bible tells us that someone bowed down before Jesus (Matthew 28:17), it also tells us that someone bowed down before Prophet Elisha. For example, we read: And when the sons of the prophets who were in view at Jericho saw him, they said, “The spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elisha.” And they came to meet him, and bowed themselves to the ground before him. (2 Kings 2:15)

Just as the Bible tells us that Jesus healed the leprous (Matthew 8:1-4), it also tells us that Prophet Elisha healed the leprous. For example, we read: “Then went he down and dipped himself seven times in the Jordan, according to the saying of the man of God; and his flesh came again like unto the flesh of a little child, and he was clean.” (2 Kings 5:14)

The Bible even tells us that just as Prophet Elisha treated leprosy, he also caused it to be contracted. For example, we read: But he went in and stood before his master. And Elisha said unto him, “From whence comest thou, Gehazi?” And he said, “Thy servant went nowhere.” And he said unto him, “Went not mine heart with thee when the man turned back from his chariot to meet thee? Is it a time to receive money and to receive garments, and olive yards and vineyards, and sheep and oxen, and menservants and maidservants? The leprosy therefore of Naaman shall cleave unto thee and unto thy seed forever.” And he went out from his presence a leper, as white as snow. (2 Kings 5:25-27)

Just as the Bible tells us that Jesus had authority over the sea so much so that he rebuked it (Matthew 8:26-27) and walked on it (Matthew 14:25-26), it tells us that Prophet Elisha had similar authority and so he smote and went over it. For example, we read:

And he took the mantle of Elijah that fell from him, and smote the waters and said, “Where is the Lord God of Elijah?” And when he also had smitten the waters, they parted hither and thither; and Elisha went over. (2 Kings 2:14)

Just as the Bible tells us that Jesus raised the dead (Matthew 9:24-25), it also tells us that Prophet Elisha raised the dead. For example, we read:

And when Elisha had come into the house, behold, the child was dead and lay upon his bed. He went in therefore and shut the door upon the twain, and prayed unto the Lord. And he went up and lay upon the child, and put his mouth upon his mouth, and his eyes upon his eyes, and his hands upon his hands; and he stretched himself upon the child, and the flesh of the child waxed warm. Then he returned and walked in the house to and fro, and went up and stretched himself upon him; and the child sneezed seven times, and the child opened his eyes. And he called Gehazi and said, “Call this Shunammite.” So he called her. And when she had come in unto him, he said, “Take up thy son.” (2 Kings 4:32-36)

Just as the Bible tells us that Jesus healed the blind (Matthew 9:28-30), it also tells us that Prophet Elisha treated and even inflicted blindness. For example, we read:

And Elisha prayed and said, “Lord, I pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see.” And the Lord opened the eyes of the young man, and he saw; and behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha. And when they came down to him, Elisha prayed unto the Lord and said, “Smite this people, I pray thee, with blindness.” And He smote them with blindness according to the word of Elisha. And Elisha said unto them, “This is not the way, neither is this the city. Follow me, and I will bring you to the man whom ye seek.” But he led them to Samaria. And it came to pass, when they had come into Samaria, that Elisha said, “Lord, open the eyes of these men, that they may see.” And the Lord opened their eyes, and they saw; and behold, they were in the midst of Samaria. (2 Kings 6:17-20)

Just as the Bible tells us that God augmented Jesus’ little food so much so that many people ate from it (Matthew 14:14-21), it also tells us that God augmented Prophet Elisha’s little food so much so that many people ate from it. For example, we read:

And there came a man from Baalshalisha, and brought the man of God bread of the firstfruits, twenty loaves of barley and full ears of corn in the husk thereof. And he said, “Give unto the people, that they may eat.” And his servitor said, “What, should I set this before a hundred men?” He said again, “Give the people, that they may eat; for thus saith the Lord: ‘They shall eat and shall leave some thereof.’” So he set it before them, and they ate and left thereof, according to the word of the Lord. (2 Kings 4:42-44)

The Bible even tells us that Prophet Elisha made edible the inedible food. We read:

And Elisha came again to Gilgal; and there was a famine in the land. And the sons of the prophets were sitting before him; and he said unto his servant, “Set on the great pot, and boil pottage for the sons of the prophets.” And one went out into the field to gather herbs, and found a wild vine and gathered thereof wild gourds, his lap full, and came and shred them into the pot of pottage, for they knew them not. So they poured out for the men to eat. And it came to pass, as they were eating of the pottage, that they cried out and said, “O thou man of God, there is death in the pot!” And they could not eat thereof. But he said, “Then bring meal.” And he cast it into the pot and he said, “Pour out for the people, that they may eat.” And there was no harm in the pot. (2 Kings 4:38-41)

Just as the Bible tells us that Jesus transformed water into wine (John 2:3-10), it also tells us that Prophet Elisha healed the nought water. We read:

And the men of the city said unto Elisha, “Behold, I pray thee, the situation of this city is pleasant, as my lord seeth; but the water is nought, and the ground barren.” And he said, “Bring me a new cruse, and put salt therein.” And they brought it to him. And he went forth unto the spring of the waters, and cast the salt in there and said, “Thus saith the Lord: ‘I have healed these waters; there shall not be from thence any more death or barren land.’” So the waters were healed unto this day, according to the saying of Elisha which he spoke. (2 Kings 2:19-22)

Just as the Bible tells us that Jesus killed the devils which possessed pigs (Matthew 8:30-32), cursed the fig tree and so it dried up (Matthew 21:19-21), it also tells us that Prophet Elisha cursed the children who mocked him and so bears devoured them. We read:

And he went up from thence unto Bethel. And as he was going up by the way, there came forth little children out of the city, and mocked him and said unto him, “Go up, thou bald head! Go up, thou bald head!”  And he turned back and looked on them, and cursed them in the name of the Lord. And there came forth two shebears out of the wood and tore forty and two children of them. (2 Kings 2:23-24)

Prophet Elisha in Islam

There are no many details about Prophet Elisha in the Qur’an. Still, it honors and praises him in the two positions where he is named. For example, the Qur’an states that Elisha was one of the prophets who were preferred over the worlds. We read:

And Ishmael and Elisha and Jonah and Lot – and all [of them] We preferred over the worlds. (Al-An`am 6:86)

The Qur’an also says that Prophet Elisha was one of the outstanding. We read:

And remember Ishmael, Elisha and Dhul-Kifl, and all are among the outstanding. (Saad 38:48)

Comments

In Islam, the Qur’anic texts are consistent with Prophet Elisha’s status as one of the greatest prophets.

However, in Christianity, the biblical texts are inconsistent with Prophet Elisha’s status as an ordinary prophet. They rather equate Elisha with Jesus in terms of miracles. They may even attribute to Elisha more miracles than those of Jesus himself.

If Elisha really raised the dead and healed the blind and the leprous like Jesus, why is he not taken as a god or one person of a god like Jesus?

In other words, if raising the dead and healing the blind and the leprous are qualifications of divinity in Christianity, why is Elisha not taken as a god or one person of a god like Jesus?

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References:

  1. The Glorious Qur’an
  2. The Holy Bible

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Read Also:

1-Prophet Adam

2-Prophet Idris (Enoch)

3-Prophet Noah

4-Prophet Lot

5-Prophet Abraham

6-Prophet Shuayb

7-Prophet Ishmael

8-Prophet Isaac

9-Prophet Jacob

10-Prophet Joseph

Soucre Link
The Greatest Prophets between Christianity and Islam: 16-Prophet Elias (Elijah)

The Greatest Prophets between Christianity and Islam: 16-Prophet Elias (Elijah)

Prophet Elijah (Elias)

If Elijah raised the dead and ascended into heaven like Jesus, why is he not taken as a god or one person of a god like Jesus?

He is Elias as named by the Qur’an or Elijah as named by the Bible. He was a prophet from the children of Israel. He is one of the most controversial prophets between the contemporary Christianity and Islam in the light of the Bible, including the Old Testament and the New Testament, on the one hand and the Qur’an on the other hand.

Prophet Elias shared similarities with both Jesus and Prophet Muhammad. So, let’s have a look at Prophet Elias in the Bible and the Qur’an.

Prophet Elias (Elijah) in Christianity

Elias or Elijah in the Bible is a prophet whose life and miracles very much resemble those of Jesus. It is observable that there is a sort of overlapping between the lives of Jesus and Elias. The latter will come down before the former towards the end of the world according to the Bible.

Just as the Bible tells us that Jesus raised the dead (Matthew 9:24-25), it also tells us that Prophet Elias raised the death. We read:

And he stretched himself upon the child three times, and cried unto the Lord and said, “O Lord my God, I pray Thee, let this child’s soul come into him again!” And the Lord heard the voice of Elijah; and the soul of the child came into him again, and he revived. (1 Kings 17:21-22)

Just as the Bible tells us that Jesus had authority over the sea so much so that he rebuked it (Matthew 8:26-27) and walked on it (Matthew 14:25-26), it tells us that Prophet Elias had similar authority and so he smote and went over it. For example, we read:

And Elijah took his mantle and wrapped it together and smote the waters, and they were divided hither and thither so that the two went over on dry ground. (2 Kings 2:8)

Just as the Bible tells us that Jesus ascended into heaven (Mark 16:19), it also tells you that Prophet Elijah ascended into heaven. We read: “And it came to pass, as they still went on and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven.” (2 Kings 2:11)

Just as the Bible tells us that Jesus will come back towards the end of the world, it also tells us that Prophet Elias will come back before him. We read: And His disciples asked Him, saying, “Why then say the scribes that Elijah must first come?” And Jesus answered and said unto them, “Elijah truly shall first come and restore all things… (Matthew 17:10-11)

Prophet Elias in Islam

The Qur’an honors and praises Prophet Elias. It relates his story in brief and describes him as a good-doer and a believing servant of God. We read:

And indeed, Elias was from among the messengers, When he said to his people, “Will you not fear Allah? Do you call upon Ba’l and leave the best of creators – Allah, your Lord and the Lord of your first forefathers?” And they denied him, so indeed, they will be brought [for punishment], Except the chosen servants of Allah. And We left for him [favorable mention] among later generations: “Peace upon Elias.” Indeed, We thus reward the doers of good. Indeed, he was of Our believing servants. (As-Saffat 37:123-132)

He is also described as one of the righteous. We read:

And Zachariah and John and Jesus and Elias. Each one (of them) was of the righteous. (Al-An`am 6:85)

Comments

Between Elijah and Jesus

If Elijah really raised the dead, had authority over the sea and ascended into heaven like Jesus, why is he not taken as a god or one person of a god like Jesus?

Between Elijah and Muhammad

If Elijah commanded killing some people, why is Prophet Muhammad blamed for commanding the killing of some enemies of God?

In the Bible, we read: And Elijah said unto them, “Take the prophets of Baal. Let not one of them escape!” And they took them; and Elijah brought them down to the Brook Kishon and slew them there. (1 Kings 18:40)

We also read: And when he had departed from thence, he happened upon Jehonadab the son of Rechab coming to meet him; and he saluted him and said to him, “Is thine heart right, as my heart is with thy heart?” And Jehonadab answered, “It is.” “If it be, give me thine hand.” And he gave him his hand, and Jehu took him up to him into the chariot. And he said, “Come with me, and see my zeal for the Lord.” So they made him ride in his chariot. And when he came to Samaria, he slew all that remained unto Ahab in Samaria till he had destroyed him, according to the saying of the Lord which He spoke to Elijah. (2 Kings 10:15-17)

Since Christians believe that Elijah ascended into heaven though Jesus negated that by the following statement: “And no man hath ascended up to Heaven, but He that came down from Heaven, even the Son of Man who is in Heaven” (John 3:13), why do they refuse to believe in Prophet Muhammad’s miracle of Al-Israa’ and Al-Miraj?

If Elijah will come and “restore all things”, why does such an “Elijah” not stand for Prophet Muhammad. He came and restored theism and monotheism. While we are approaching the end of the world, the so-called “Elijah” has not come yet.

In the Bible, we read: “Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord. And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse.” (Malachi 4:5-6)

In this sense, we read in the Qur’an:

And thus We have revealed to you an Arabic Qur’an that you may warn the Mother of Cities [Makkah] and those around it and warn of the Day of Assembly, about which there is no doubt. A party will be in Paradise and a party in the Blaze. (Ash-Shura 42:7)

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References:

  1. The Glorious Qur’an
  2. The Holy Bible

_________

Read Also:

1-Prophet Adam

2-Prophet Idris (Enoch)

3-Prophet Noah

4-Prophet Lot

5-Prophet Abraham

6-Prophet Shuayb

7-Prophet Ishmael

8-Prophet Isaac

9-Prophet Jacob

10-Prophet Joseph

Soucre Link
The Greatest Prophets between Christianity and Islam: 17-Prophet David

The Greatest Prophets between Christianity and Islam: 17-Prophet David

Prophet David

David in the Bible killed men and women and was so polygamous that he even committed adultery

Prophet David was the father of Prophet Solomon. They were prophets from the children of Israel. Prophet David was one of the prophets whom both Christianity and Islam honor and praise.

However, Prophet David’s biography in the Bible involves refutations of many suspicions that are aroused about Prophet Muhammad.

Let’s know more about Prophet David’s character in Christianity and Islam according to the Bible and the Qur’an. It is recommended to have a look at Prophet Solomon’s story as well, for it is an integral part of Prophet David’s story.

Prophet David in Christianity

In the Bible, Christianity honors and praises Prophet David. For example, in the Old Testament, Prophet David is described as successful in everything he did because God was him.

We read: “David was successful in everything he did because the Lord was with him.” (1 Samuel 18:14)

The Bible states that God gave David victory wherever he went. We read: “David set up forts among the Arameans of Damascus. And the Arameans became David’s subjects and brought him tribute. The Lord gave David victory wherever he went.” (2 Samuel 8:6)

The Bible tells us that Prophet David maintained justice and righteousness for all his people. “David ruled over all Israel and maintained justice and righteousness for all his people.” (2 Samuel 8:15)

Prophet David in Islam

Islam highly honors and praises Prophet David. The Qur’an tells us that God gave him kingship, prophethood and knowledge. We read:

And David killed Goliath, and Allah gave him the kingship and prophethood and taught him from that which He willed. (Al-Baqarah 2:251)

Prophet David is also described as “turning back to God repeatedly” and “given wisdom and discernment in speech”. We read:

Be patient over what they say and remember Our servant, David, the possessor of strength; indeed, he was one who repeatedly turned back [to Allah]. Indeed, We subjected the mountains [to praise] with him, exalting [ Allah ] in the [late] afternoon and [after] sunrise. And the birds were assembled, all with him repeating [praises]. And We strengthened his kingdom and gave him wisdom and discernment in speech. (Saad 38:17-20)

The Qur’an tells us that God favored David with scriptures “Psalms”. We read:

And We have made some of the prophets exceed others [in various ways], and to David We gave the book [of Psalms]. (Al-Israa’ 17:55)

The Qur’an tells us that God also favored Prophet David with having praises repeated by mountains and birds and the flexibility of iron. We read:

And We certainly gave David from Us bounty. [We said], “O mountains, repeat [Our] praises with him, and the birds [as well].” And We made pliable for him iron, [Commanding him], “Make full coats of mail and calculate [precisely] the links, and work [all of you] righteousness. Indeed I, of what you do, am Seeing.” (Saba’ 34:10-11)

Therefore, the Qur’an tells us that God made David a successor on the earth in his lifetime. We read:

[We said], “O David, indeed We have made you a successor upon the earth, so judge between the people in truth and do not follow [your own] desire, as it will lead you astray from the way of Allah.” Indeed, those who go astray from the way of Allah will have a severe punishment for having forgotten the Day of Account. (Saad 38:26)

Comments

Despite the stated honor and praise of Prophet David by the Bible, it portrays Prophet David’s character in such a way which refutes many suspicions aroused about Prophet Muhammad like violence, concubinage, and polygamy.

David & Violence

The Bible tells us that David killed two hundred Philistines and presented their foreskins as a dowry for the king’s daughter. We read:

And Saul said, “Thus shall ye say to David: ‘The king desireth not any dowry but a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king’s enemies.’” But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines. And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the king’s son-in-law; and the days were not expired. Therefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full measure to the king, that he might be the king’s son-in-law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter for a wife. (1 Samuel 18:25-27)

The Bible also tells us that Prophet David used to kill men and women without discrimination and attack areas without leaving anyone alive, man or woman. We read:

When David attacked an area, he wouldn’t leave anyone alive, man or woman. He would take the sheep, the cattle, the donkeys, the camels, and the clothes and would then go back to Achish. When Achish asked, “Where did you raid today?” David would say, “The southern plain of Judah,” or “The southern plain of the Jerahmeelites,” or “The southern plain of the Kenites.” David never spared a man or woman so they could be brought back alive to Gath. “Otherwise,” he said, “they might talk about us, and say, ‘David did this or that.’” So this was David’s practice during the entire time he lived in the Philistine countryside. (1 Samuel 27:9-11)

David & Women

The Bible tells us that Prophet David took for himself an unlimited number of wives and concubines. We read: “And David took more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem after he had come from Hebron; and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.” (2 Samuel 5:13)

According to the Bible, Prophet David’s most prominent wives included Michal, Abigail and Ahinoam. About them, we read:

And Abigail hastened and arose, and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers who went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife. David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel, and they were also both of them his wives. But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David’s wife, to Palti the son of Laish, who was from Gallim. (1 Samuel 25:42-44)

Prophet David’s wives also included Maacah, the daughter of Talmai and the mother of Absalom; Haggith, the mother of Adonijah; Abital, the mother of Shephatiah; and Eglah, the mother of Ithream. About them, we read in the Bible:

“And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; and his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah, the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; and the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; and the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David’s wife. These were born to David in Hebron.” (2 Samuel 3:2-5)

David & the Wife of Uriah, the Hittite

The Bible tells us that Prophet David had committed adultery with Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, and the wife of Uriah the Hittite, before he caused Uriah to be killed and married her. We read:

And it came to pass in an eveningtide that David arose from his bed and walked upon the roof of the king’s house. And from the roof he saw a woman washing herself, and the woman was very beautiful to look upon. And David sent and inquired after the woman. And one said, “Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?” And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her, for she was purified from her uncleanness; and she returned unto her house. And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said, “I am with child.” (2 Samuel 11:2-5)

Finally, given the facts that Prophet David in the Bible killed men and women on an equal footing and was so polygamous that he even committed adultery with the wife of Uriah, the Hittite, before causing Uriah to be killed and marrying her, why is Prophet Muhammad blamed for the presumable violence and polygamy?

Prophet Muhammad did not kill women but men only rightfully. He never committed adultery. While he had wives and concubines, he did not have the same number as David in the Bible.

Click here to read Prophet Solomon’s story for it is an integral part of Prophet David’s story!

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References:

  1. The Glorious Qur’an
  2. The Holy Bible

_________

Read Also:

1-Prophet Adam

2-Prophet Idris (Enoch)

3-Prophet Noah

4-Prophet Lot

5-Prophet Abraham

6-Prophet Shuayb

7-Prophet Ishmael

8-Prophet Isaac

9-Prophet Jacob

10-Prophet Joseph

Soucre Link
The Greatest Prophets between Christianity and Islam: 18-Prophet Solomon

The Greatest Prophets between Christianity and Islam: 18-Prophet Solomon

Prophet Solomon

Prophet Solomon’s biography in the Bible involves things not beseeming him as one of the greatest prophets

Prophet Solomon was Prophet David’s son. Both were prophets from the children of Israel. Prophet Solomon was one of the prophets whom both Christianity and Islam honor and praise.

However, Prophet Solomon’s biography in the Bible involves things not beseeming him as one of the greatest prophets as well as refutations of many suspicions that are aroused about Prophet Muhammad.

Let’s know more about Prophet Solomon’s character in Christianity and Islam according to the Bible and the Qur’an. It is recommended to have a look at Prophet David’s story as well, for it is an integral part of Prophet Solomon’s story.

Prophet Solomon in Christianity

In the Bible, Christianity honors and praises Prophet Solomon. For example, the Old Testament tells us that God loved him. We read: “Then David comforted his wife Bathsheba, and he went to her and made love to her. She gave birth to a son, and they named him Solomon. The Lord loved him” (2 Samuel 12:24)

The Bible also tells us that God gave Solomon wisdom, insight, discernment as well as unprecedented wealth and honor. We read: “I will do what you have asked. I will give you a wise and discerning heart, so that there will never have been anyone like you, nor will there ever be. Moreover, I will give you what you have not asked for—both wealth and honor—so that in your lifetime you will have no equal among kings.” (1 Kings 3:12-13)

We also read: “God gave Solomon wisdom and very great insight, and a breadth of understanding as measureless as the sand on the seashore. Solomon’s wisdom was greater than the wisdom of all the people of the East, and greater than all the wisdom of Egypt. He was wiser than anyone else, including Ethan the Ezrahite—wiser than Heman, Kalkol and Darda, the sons of Mahol. And his fame spread to all the surrounding nations. He spoke three thousand proverbs and his songs numbered a thousand and five. He spoke about plant life, from the cedar of Lebanon to the hyssop that grows out of walls. He also spoke about animals and birds, reptiles and fish. From all nations people came to listen to Solomon’s wisdom, sent by all the kings of the world, who had heard of his wisdom.” (1 Kings 4:29-34)

Prophet Solomon in Islam

Islam honors and praises Prophet Solomon. Such honor and praise are often associated with comparable honor and praise of his father, Prophet David. In the Qur’an, we read:

We bestowed the same favour upon David and Solomon. Recall, when they gave judgement regarding a tillage into which the sheep of some people had strayed at night, and We were witnesses to their judgement. We guided Solomon to the right verdict, and We had granted each of them judgement and knowledge. We made the mountains and the birds celebrate the praise of Allah with David. It was We Who did all this. It was We Who taught him the art of making coats of mail for your benefit so that it may protect you from each other’s violence. Do you, then, give thanks? And We subdued the strongly raging wind to Solomon which blew at his bidding towards the land We blessed. We know everything. And We subdued many devils who dived (into the sea) for him and carried out other jobs besides that. We kept watch over all of them. (Al-Anbiyaa’ 21:78-82)

We also read:

And We had certainly given to David and Solomon knowledge, and they said, “Praise [is due] to Allah, who has favored us over many of His believing servants.” And Solomon inherited David. He said, “O people, we have been taught the language of birds, and we have been given from all things. Indeed, this is evident bounty.” (An-Naml 27:15-16)

We further read:

And to David We gave Solomon. An excellent servant, indeed he was one repeatedly turning back [to Allah]. [Mention] when there were exhibited before him in the afternoon the poised [standing] racehorses. And he said, “Indeed, I gave preference to the love of good [things] over the remembrance of my Lord until the sun disappeared into the curtain [of darkness].” [He said], “Return them to me,” and set about striking [their] legs and necks. And We certainly tried Solomon and placed on his throne a body; then he returned. He said, “My Lord, forgive me and grant me a kingdom such as will not belong to anyone after me. Indeed, You are the Bestower.” So We subjected to him the wind blowing by his command, gently, wherever he directed, And [also] the devils [of jinn] – every builder and diver And others bound together in shackles. [We said], “This is Our gift, so grant or withhold without account.” And indeed, for him is nearness to Us and a good place of return. (Saad 38:30-40)

About the subjection of wind and flowing of springs of liquid copper for Prophet Solomon, we read:

And to Solomon [We subjected] the wind – its morning [journey was that of] a month – and its afternoon [journey was that of] a month, and We made flow for him a spring of [liquid] copper. And among the jinn were those who worked for him by the permission of his Lord. And whoever deviated among them from Our command – We will make him taste of the punishment of the Blaze. They made for him what he willed of elevated chambers, statues, bowls like reservoirs, and stationary kettles. [We said], “Work, O family of David, in gratitude.” And few of My servants are grateful. (Saba’ 34:12-13)

Comments

Despite the stated honor and praise of Prophet Solomon by the Bible, it portrays Solomon’s character in such a way which does not befit Solomon as one of the greatest prophets but, in the same time, involves refutations of many suspicions aroused about Prophet Muhammad like violence, concubinage and polygamy.

Solomon & Violence

The Bible tells us that Prophet Solomon killed his older brother, Adonijah, as well as Joab the son of Zeruiah, the commander of the army, and Shimei who was one of King David’s men in order to establish the royal power in his hand.

About Adonijah’s killing, we read: “And now, as the Lord lives, who has established me and set me on the throne of David my father and made for me a house as he promised, this day shall Adonijah be put to death.” Then King Solomon sent Benaiah, son of Jehoiada, who struck him dead. (1 Kings 2:24-25)

About Shimei’s killing, we read: And the king said to Shimei: “In your heart you know very well the evil that you did to David my father. Now the Lord is bringing your own evil upon your head. But King Solomon shall be blessed, and David’s throne shall be established before the Lord forever.” The king then gave the order to Benaiah, son of Jehoiada, who went out and struck him dead. And the royal power was established in Solomon’s hand. (1 Kings 2:44-46)

The Bible tells us that Prophet Solomon enslaved the peoples whom the children of Israel could not destroy like the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites.

We read: “All the people who were left of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, who were not Israelites— those of their descendants who were left in the land and whom the Israelites had not been able to destroy under the ban—these Solomon conscripted as forced laborers, as they are to this day.” (1 Kings 9:20-21)

Solomon, Women and Paganism

The Bible tells us that Prophet Solomon had seven hundred wives and three hundred concubines. It is curious that the Old Testament tells us that the love for those women caused Solomon to worship false gods. We read:

“King Solomon loved many foreign women besides the daughter of Pharaoh—Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, Hittites— from nations of which the Lord had said to the Israelites: You shall not join with them and they shall not join with you, lest they turn your hearts to their gods. But Solomon held them close in love. He had as wives seven hundred princesses and three hundred concubines, and they turned his heart. When Solomon was old his wives had turned his heart to follow other gods, and his heart was not entirely with the Lord, his God, as the heart of David his father had been. Solomon followed Astarte, the goddess of the Sidonians, and Milcom, the abomination of the Ammonites. Solomon did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, and he did not follow the Lord unreservedly as David his father had done. Solomon then built a high place to Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, and to Molech, the abomination of the Ammonites, on the mountain opposite Jerusalem. He did the same for all his foreign wives who burned incense and sacrificed to their gods. The Lord became angry with Solomon, because his heart turned away from the Lord, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice and commanded him not to do this very thing, not to follow other gods. But he did not observe what the Lord commanded. So the Lord said to Solomon: Since this is what you want, and you have not kept my covenant and the statutes which I enjoined on you, I will surely tear the kingdom away from you and give it to your servant. But I will not do this during your lifetime, for the sake of David your father; I will tear it away from your son’s hand. Nor will I tear away the whole kingdom. I will give your son one tribe for the sake of David my servant and for the sake of Jerusalem, which I have chosen.” (1 Kings 11:1-13)

Finally, given the facts that Prophet Solomon in the Bible killed his brother and his father’s men to establish the royal power in his hand, married pagan women and worshipped their false gods, why is Prophet Muhammad blamed for the presumable violence and polygamy?

Prophet Muhammad did not kill a brother of his, have hundreds of women either as wives or concubines or worship false gods as Solomon did in the Bible.

Click here to read Prophet David’s story for it is an integral part of Prophet Solomon’s story!

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References:

  1. The Glorious Qur’an
  2. The Holy Bible

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Read Also:

1-Prophet Adam

2-Prophet Idris (Enoch)

3-Prophet Noah

4-Prophet Lot

5-Prophet Abraham

6-Prophet Shuayb

7-Prophet Ishmael

8-Prophet Isaac

9-Prophet Jacob

10-Prophet Joseph

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The Greatest Prophets between Christianity and Islam: 19-Prophet Zechariah

The Greatest Prophets between Christianity and Islam: 19-Prophet Zechariah

Prophet Zechariah

Zechariah and his son John are the key to the sound knowledge of Jesus

Prophet Zechariah was the father of Prophet John (Yahya) and the uncle-in-law (husband of the maternal aunt) of Mary or Jesus.

Prophet Zechariah and his son John are the key to the sound knowledge of Jesus in the light of both the Bible and the Qur’an.

While Prophet Zechariah’s character is the same everywhere in the Qur’an, there are numerous historical characters named “Zechariah” in the Bible.

Let’s know more about Prophet Zechariah’s character in Christianity and Islam. It is recommended to have a look at Prophet Yahya’s story as well, for it is an integral part of Prophet Zechariah’s story.

Prophet Zechariah in Christianity

There are so many persons named “Zechariah” in the Bible, especially the Old Testament. It seems that the name “Zechariah” was very common among the children of Israel so much so that there were a lot of people carrying this name, including Zechariah, the father of John, the Baptist.

In the Bible, we come across many people named “Zechariah”, including but not limited to: Zechariah, the son of Jeroboam (2 Kings 14:29); Zechariah, the son of Meshelemiah (1 Chronicles 9:21); Zechariah, the son of Benaiah (2 Chronicles 20:14); Zechariah, the son of Jehoiada (2 Chronicles 24:20); Zechariah, the son of Iddo (Ezra 5:1); Zechariah, the son of Bebai (Ezra 8:11); Zechariah, the son of Amariah (Nehemiah 11:4); Zechariah, the son of Shelah (Nehemiah 11:5); Zechariah, the son of Pashhur (Nehemiah 11:12); Zechariah, the son of Jonathan (Nehemiah 12:35); and Zechariah, the son of Jeberekiah (Isaiah 8:2).

It is curious that Zechariah, the father of John the Baptist, was not a prophet according to the Bible. Rather, he was just a priest of Abijah’s division.

Anyway, the Bible honors and praises Zechariah and his wife, Elizabeth who are described as “righteous”. In the Bible, we read:

“In the days of King Herod of Judea, there was a priest of Abijah’s division named Zechariah. His wife was from the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. Both were righteous in God’s sight, living without blame according to all the commands and requirements of the Lord.” (Luke 1:5-6)

Prophet Zechariah in Islam

The Qur’an honors and praises Zechariah. It tells us that he was one of the righteous. We read:

And Zechariah and John and Jesus and Elias. Each one (of them) was of the righteous. (Al-An`am 6:85)

The Qur’an also praises and describes Zechariah and his wife as “hastening to good deeds” and “supplicating and submitting to God”. We read:

And [mention] Zechariah, when he called to his Lord, “My Lord, do not leave me alone [with no heir], while you are the best of inheritors.” So We responded to him, and We gave to him John, and amended for him his wife. Indeed, they used to hasten to good deeds and supplicate Us in hope and fear, and they were to Us humbly submissive. (Al-Anbiyaa’ 21:89-90)

Relationship between Zechariah, Mary and Jesus

Christianity

In Christianity, the relationship between Zechariah on the one hand and Mary and Jesus on the other hand lies in the kinship relationship between Prophet Zechariah’s wife and Mary, not to mention the similarity in the way both conceived and the fact that Mary stayed in Zechariah’s house throughout the first three months of her pregnancy.

About the kinship relationship between Mary and Elizabeth and the same way in which they conceived, we read in the Bible:

The angel replied to her: “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore, the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. “And consider your relative Elizabeth—even she has conceived a son in her old age, and this is the sixth month for her who was called childless. For nothing will be impossible with God.” (Luke 1:35-37)

About Mary’s stay at Zechariah’s house, we read in the Bible: In those days Mary set out and hurried to a town in the hill country of Judah where she entered Zechariah’s house and greeted Elizabeth. When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped inside her, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. Then she exclaimed with a loud cry: “Blessed are you among women, and your child will be blessed! How could this happen to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? For you see, when the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby leaped for joy inside me. Blessed is she who has believed that the Lord would fulfill what he has spoken to her!” And Mary said: My soul praises the greatness of the Lord … And Mary stayed with her about three months; then she returned to her home. (Luke 1:39-56)

Islam

In Islam, the relationship between Zechariah on the one hand and Mary and Jesus on the other hand lies in the kinship relationship between Prophet Zechariah’s wife and Mary, not to mention the similarity in the way both conceived and the silence ordered for conception and delivery.

As for the kinship relationship, in the hadith on Israa’ and Miraj, John the Baptist and Jesus were referred to as cousins (children of maternal aunts) no matter if they were first or second cousins. Malik ibn Sa`sa`h quoted Prophet Muhammad as saying:

“When I went over the second heaven, there I saw Yahya (i.e. John) and `Esa (i.e. Jesus) who were cousins of each other. Gabriel said (to me), ‘These are John and Jesus; pay them your greetings.’ So I greeted them and both of them returned my greetings to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’…” (Al-Bukhari)

As for the same way the two women conceived and the silence ordered in both cases, about Zechariah, we read in the Qur’an:

At that, Zechariah called upon his Lord, saying, “My Lord, grant me from Yourself a good offspring. Indeed, You are the Hearer of supplication.” So the angels called him while he was standing in prayer in the chamber, “Indeed, Allah gives you good tidings of John, confirming a word from Allah and [who will be] honorable, abstaining [from women], and a prophet from among the righteous.” He said, “My Lord, how will I have a boy when I have reached old age and my wife is barren?” The angel said, “Such is Allah ; He does what He wills.” He said, “My Lord, make for me a sign.” He Said, “Your sign is that you will not [be able to] speak to the people for three days except by gesture. And remember your Lord much and exalt [Him with praise] in the evening and the morning.” (Aal `Imran 3:38-41)

About Mary, we read:

And shake toward you the trunk of the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe, fresh dates. So eat and drink and be contented. And if you see from among humanity anyone, say, ‘Indeed, I have vowed to the Most Merciful abstention, so I will not speak today to [any] man.’ ” Then she brought him to her people, carrying him. They said, “O Mary, you have certainly done a thing unprecedented. O sister of Aaron, your father was not a man of evil, nor was your mother unchaste.” So she pointed to him. They said, “How can we speak to one who is in the cradle a child?” [Jesus] said, “Indeed, I am the servant of Allah . He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet. (Mary 19:25-30)

Comments

There are dissimilarities in the relationship between Zechariah on the one hand and Mary as well as her son Jesus on the other hand in the Bible and the Qur’an.

The most important dissimilarity is that while Mary and Elizabeth, Zechariah’s wife, conceived in the same way in terms of the appearance of an angel and extraordinary conception, the Bible considers Jesus a physical son of God but John the Baptist a son of Zechariah.

Since the angel appeared to Zechariah and Mary in the same way and Mary and Elizabeth conceived in the same way, why is Mary’s son deemed a son of God, while Elizabeth’s son is deemed Zechariah’s son?

As a matter of fact, John the Baptist was the son of Zechariah and Elizabeth, whereas Jesus was the son of Mary only through God’s exceptional might. Both were holy prophets without discrimination in this regard.

About the prophethood of John the Baptist, in the Bible, Prophet Zechariah is quoted as saying: “And you, child, will be called a prophet of the Most High, for you will go before the Lord to prepare his ways.” (Luke 1:76)

About the Prophethood of Jesus, in the Bible, Jesus is quoted as saying: “The one who welcomes you welcomes me, and the one who welcomes me welcomes him who sent me. Anyone who welcomes a prophet because he is a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward. And anyone who welcomes a righteous person because he’s righteous will receive a righteous person’s reward.” (Matthew 10:40-41)

Click here to read Prophet Yahya’s story for it is an integral part of Prophet Zechariah’s story!

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References:

  1. The Glorious Qur’an
  2. The Holy Bible

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Read Also:

1-Prophet Adam

2-Prophet Idris (Enoch)

3-Prophet Noah

4-Prophet Lot

5-Prophet Abraham

6-Prophet Shuayb

7-Prophet Ishmael

8-Prophet Isaac

9-Prophet Jacob

10-Prophet Joseph

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The Greatest Prophets between Christianity and Islam: 20-Prophet Yahya (John)

The Greatest Prophets between Christianity and Islam: 20-Prophet Yahya (John)

Prophet Yahya (John the Baptist)

Prophet Yahya and his father Zechariah are the key to the sound knowledge of Jesus

Prophet Yahya (John) was the son of Prophet Zechariah and the first or second cousin (son of the maternal aunt) of Jesus.

Prophet Yahya and his father Zechariah are the key to the sound knowledge of Jesus in the light of both the Bible and the Qur’an.

Let’s know more about Prophet Yahya’s character in Christianity and Islam. It is recommended to have a look at Prophet Zechariah’s story as well, for it is an integral part of Prophet Yahya’s story.

Prophet Yahya or John the Baptist in Christianity

While the biography of John the Baptist is given in the Bible to pave the way for believing in Jesus’ divine sonhood and divinity, it, on the contrary, involves conclusive evidence against Jesus’ divinity.

For example, one proof against Jesus’ divinity in the biography of John the Baptist is the similarity in the miraculous birth and the glad tidings of the same. The angel had first come to Prophet Zechariah and brought him glad tidings of the birth of John and then came to Mary and brought her glad tidings of the birth of Jesus in the same way.

Thereupon, Elizabeth conceived John the Baptist and then Mary conceived Jesus in the same way despite of the impossibility of pregnancy for both. Not only was Elizabeth an old woman but also barren. Mary was a virgin maid whose fiancé had not consummated his marriage with her yet. About that, in the Bible, we read:

The angel replied to her: “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore, the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. “And consider your relative Elizabeth—even she has conceived a son in her old age, and this is the sixth month for her who was called childless. For nothing will be impossible with God.” (Luke 1:35-37)

Another proof against Jesus’ divinity in the biography of John the Baptist is sharing the call to the worship of and prayer to God alone without partners rather than preaching worship of or prayer to themselves.

Just as the Bible tells us that John the Baptist taught people how to pray to God, it also tells us that Jesus taught people how to pray to God called “Father” in the Bible rather than to himself (Jesus). In the Bible, we read:

And it came to pass that as He was praying in a certain place, when He ceased, one of His disciples said unto Him, “Lord, teach us to pray as John also taught his disciples.” And He said unto them, “When ye pray, say: Our Father who art in Heaven, hallowed be Thy name. Thy Kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in Heaven, so on earth…” (Luke 11:1-2)

Prophet Yahya in Islam

The Qur’an honors and praises Prophet Yahya in several positions. He is described as “confirming a word from Allah, honorable, abstinent and a prophet from among the righteous.” We read:

At that, Zechariah called upon his Lord, saying, “My Lord, grant me from Yourself a good offspring. Indeed, You are the Hearer of supplication.” So the angels called him while he was standing in prayer in the chamber, “Indeed, Allah gives you good tidings of Yahya (John), confirming a word from Allah and [who will be] honorable, abstaining [from women], and a prophet from among the righteous.” (Aal `Imran 3:38-39)

Prophet Yahya is also described as one of the righteous. We read:

And Zechariah and Yahya (John) and Jesus and Elias. Each one (of them) was of the righteous. (Al-An`am 6:85)

The Qur’an tells us that Prophet Yahya was given judgment when he was still a boy. We read:

[Allah] said, “O Yahya (John), take the Scripture with determination.” And We gave him judgement [while yet] a boy (Maryam 19:12)

The Qur’an praises Prophet Yahya as a member of Zechariah’s household. They are described as “hastening to good deeds” and “supplicating and submitting to God”. We read:

And [mention] Zechariah, when he called to his Lord, “My Lord, do not leave me alone [with no heir], while you are the best of inheritors.” So We responded to him, and We gave to him Yahya (John), and amended for him his wife. Indeed, they used to hasten to good deeds and supplicate Us in hope and fear, and they were to Us humbly submissive. (Al-Anbiyaa’ 21:89-90)

According to Islam, Prophet Yahya is the first or second cousin (son of maternal aunt) of Jesus. Malik ibn Sa`sa`h quoted Prophet Muhammad as saying:

“When I went over the second heaven, there I saw Yahya (i.e. John) and `Esa (i.e. Jesus) who were cousins of each other. Gabriel said (to me), ‘These are John and Jesus; pay them your greetings.’ So I greeted them and both of them returned my greetings to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’…” (Al-Bukhari)

In Islam, Yahya and Jesus are prophets without discrimination. About the prophethood of John the Baptist, in the Bible, Prophet Zechariah is quoted as saying: “And you, child, will be called a prophet of the Most High, for you will go before the Lord to prepare his ways.” (Luke 1:76)

About the Prophethood of Jesus, in the Bible, Jesus is quoted as saying: “The one who welcomes you welcomes me, and the one who welcomes me welcomes him who sent me. Anyone who welcomes a prophet because he is a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward. And anyone who welcomes a righteous person because he’s righteous will receive a righteous person’s reward.” (Matthew 10:40-41)

Click here to read Prophet Zechariah’s story for it is an integral part of Prophet Yahya’s story!

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References:

  1. The Glorious Qur’an
  2. The Holy Bible

_________

Read Also:

1-Prophet Adam

2-Prophet Idris (Enoch)

3-Prophet Noah

4-Prophet Lot

5-Prophet Abraham

6-Prophet Shuayb

7-Prophet Ishmael

8-Prophet Isaac

9-Prophet Jacob

10-Prophet Joseph

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