An act of worship can be done only for the Creator alone
It is a matter of nature that human beings feel and express gratitude to anyone who benefits them. Such gratitude varies in extent according to the magnitude and importance of the favors done.
Human beings usually express relative gratitude to one another. Such gratitude may assume various forms. However, it should not take on the form of worship for worship is reserved for the Creator only. No matter how many favors a human being may do for a fellow human being, such favors cannot stand comparison with the least of the blessings of the Creator.
Suffice it to say that the very blessing of creation per se is much greater than any favors a human being may do for another human being. That is why, logically speaking, an act of worship can be done only for the Creator alone, without any associate or partner.
This sounds quite logical and reasonable. That is what is preached by the true religion of God (based on monotheism) everywhere and every time throughout history. In the Old Testament, we read, as the first commandment, the following verse: “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is One Lord.” (Isaiah 43:10-11)
We find an equivalent commandment in the Qur’an:
And [recall] when We took the covenant from the Children of Israel, [enjoining upon them], “Do not worship except God… (Al-Baqarah 2:83)
The Qur’an also tells us that all prophets worshiped God alone and instructed their people to do the same.
And We sent not before you any messenger except that We revealed to him that, “There is no deity except Me, so worship Me.” (Al-Anbiyaa’ 21:25)
Or were you witnesses when death approached Jacob, when he said to his sons, “What will you worship after me?” They said, “We will worship your God and the God of your fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac – one God. And we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.”(Al-Baqarah 2:133)
Usually, God tells His servants to worship Him alone in such clear-cut terms which can never be misunderstood:
Worship God and associate nothing with Him in worship (An-Nisaa’ 4:36)
Unfortunately, on earth, there are many religions which preach polytheism. One of such religions is the present-day Christianity though it is still considered one of the Abrahamic religions which were revealed by God, regardless of the considerable distortion to which it was systematically exposed.
Though the modern Christians have several polytheistic beliefs like trinity and the divinity of Jesus, we still find several verses in the New Testament which confirm monotheism. For example, we read a dialogue between the Devil and Jesus where the latter told the former that it is God only Who must be worshiped alone. The New Testament cites such a dialogue as follows:
“All this I will give you,” he said, “if you will bow down and worship me.” Jesus said to him, “Away from me, Satan! For it is written: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only.’” (Matthew 4:9-10)
Also, the New Testament tells us that Jesus taught his followers that they should pray to God alone to the exclusion of anybody else, including Jesus himself. In the New Testament, we read the following verse: “Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father. Go instead to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’” (John 20:17)
In addition, we have several verses in the New Testament indicating that Jesus himself worshiped and prayed to God. For example, we find the following verses in the New Testament:
“Very early in the morning, while it was still dark, Jesus got up, left the house and went off to a solitary place, where he prayed.” (Mark 1:35)
“After he had dismissed them, he went up on a mountainside by himself to pray. When evening came, he was there alone.” (Matthew 14:23)
“One of those days Jesus went out to a mountainside to pray, and spent the night praying to God.” (Luke 6:12)
Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” And they divided up his clothes by casting lots. (Luke 23:34)
Here, we must raise a very important question: Can God worship God? Can God pray to God?
Jesus cannot be God. God cannot worship or pray to God. To worship or pray to someone else implies that you need this one as your sustainer, provider, caretaker and guardian. One can worship his Creator only.
Given that Jesus worshiped and prayed to God, this means that Jesus took God as his guardian and creator. How can God be created, sustained, or provided for by someone else? God creates, sustains and provides for others, not vice versa.
It is ironic that nowhere in the New Testament does Jesus command people to worship him. It is worth noting that he could not do that. How could God allow Jesus to order people to worship Jesus beside Himself? How could the Creator let a creature order other creatures to worship him along with God?
In this regard, the Qur’an says:
It is not for a human [prophet] that God should give him the Scripture and authority and prophethood and then he would say to the people, “Be servants to me rather than God,” but [instead, he would say], “Be pious scholars of the Lord because of what you have taught of the Scripture and because of what you have studied.”
Nor could he order you to take the angels and prophets as lords. Would he order you to disbelief after you had been Muslims? (Aal `Imran 3:79-80)
The Qur’an also says:
And [beware the Day] when God will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, ‘Take me and my mother as deities besides God?’” He will say, “Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen.
I said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship God, my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness.
If You should punish them – indeed they are Your servants; but if You forgive them – indeed it is You who is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. (Al-Ma’idah 5:116-118)
There is no objection to paying tribute to Jesus as a prophet of God. It is lawful for people to praise their prophets. However, such praise should not amount to worship. In this respect, the Qur’an says:
O People of the Scripture, do not commit excess in your religion or say about God except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was but a messenger of God and His word which He directed to Mary and a soul [created at a command] from Him. So believe in God and His messengers. And do not say, “Three”; desist – it is better for you. Indeed, God is but one God. Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is God as Disposer of affairs.
Never would the Messiah disdain to be a servant of God, nor would the angels near [to Him]. And whoever disdains His worship and is arrogant – He will gather them to Himself all together. (An-Nisaa’ 4:171-172)
Islam urges belief in all prophets of God without exaggeration or discrimination. Muslims believe in Prophet Muhammad just as they do Prophet Jesus and the rest of the prophets of God. In the Qur’an, we read the following verse:
Say, [O believers], “We have believed in God and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.” (Al-Baqarah 2:136)
Finally, it is safe to say that Muslims revere and love Jesus as the prophet of God but they cannot worship him, for Muslims worship God alone. The Qur’an tells Muslims to say:
“O People of the Scripture, come to a word that is equitable between us and you – that we will not worship except God and not associate anything with Him and not take one another as lords instead of God.” But if they turn away, then say, “Bear witness that we are Muslims [submitting to Him].” (Aal `Imran 3:64)
1- The Glorious Qur’an (Sahih International Translation)
2- The Holy Bible (Visit biblegateway.com)
Is Jesus God? Is he the son of God? How could we know? Where is the proof?
Besides, how do Muslims see Jesus? What does the Qur’an say about him?
In this episode of the Deen Show Joshua Evans, an American former Christian Missionary from South Carolina who has converted to Islam, explores the top 10 reasons why Jesus Christ is not God.
Source: The Deen Show
By Editorial Staff
Jesus is the prophet and Messenger of God according to the New Testament
The descriptions of Jesus in the New Testament include “Prophet of God” and “God’s Messenger”. I will deal with some positions where Jesus is given those two descriptions in detail.
Is Jesus the Prophet of God?
The New Testament quotes Jesus as describing himself as a “prophet”. For example, we read the following statements of Jesus to his disciples: “The one welcoming you is welcoming Me. And the one welcoming Me is welcoming the One having sent Me forth. The one welcoming a prophet in the name of a prophet will receive the reward of a prophet. And the one welcoming a righteous one in the name of a righteous one will receive the reward of a righteous one.” (Matthew 10:40-41)
We also read: And having come into His hometown, He was teaching them in their synagogue, so that they were astounded and saying “From where did this wisdom and the miracles come to this One? Is not this One the son of the carpenter? Is not His mother called Mary, and His brothers, James and Joseph and Simon and Jude? And His sisters, are they not all with us? From where then did all these things come to this One?” And they were taking-offense at Him. But Jesus said to them, “A prophet is not without honor except in his hometown and in his house”. (Matthew 13:54-58)
The New Testament also quotes a woman as describing Jesus as a “prophet” while talking to him. He did not disapprove of or negate that. We read: “’Sir,’ the woman said, ‘I can see that you are a prophet.’” (John 4:19)
Moreover, the New Testament quotes prophecies made in the Old Testament about the advent of a prophet after Moses. According to the New Testament’s authors, such prophecies stand for Jesus.
We read: “And that he may send the Messiah, who has been appointed for you…For Moses said, ‘The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you. Anyone who does not listen to him will be completely cut off from their people.’” (Acts 3:20-23)
We also read: “This is that Moses, which said unto the children of Israel, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear.” (Acts 7:37)
As a matter of fact, the above verses do not prophesy Jesus but Muhammad for two contextual clues: the first clue is that Moses did not say “of you”, i.e. the children of Israel, but said “of your brethren”. The brethren of the children of Israel are the children of Ishmael, i.e. the Arabs. The second clue is that Moses said: “Anyone who does not listen to him will be completely cut off from their people.” The Jews who did not listen to Jesus were not completely cut off from their people, but those Jews who did not listen to and betrayed Muhammad were actually cut off from their people.
Anyway, supposing that those verses prophecy Jesus, we notice that Moses said: “A prophet…like unto me”, that is to say that Christians believe that Jesus is a prophet of God according to the New Testament itself.
Is Jesus the Messenger of God?
Jesus is unequivocally described as “God’s messenger” in the New Testament. We read: “And so, dear brothers and sisters who belong to God and are partners with those called to heaven, think carefully about this Jesus whom we declare to be God’s messenger and High Priest. He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God’s house.” (Hebrews 3:1-2)
We often observe that Jesus frequently states that God “sent” rather “begot” him, which conclusively confirms that Jesus is a messenger sent by God and that his alleged sonhood of God is a metaphorical one. Had it been a literal one, Jesus would have said “begot me” rather than “sent me” and explained the nature of such irrational sonhood.
For example, we read: “Anyone who welcomes you welcomes me, and anyone who welcomes me welcomes the one who sent me. Whoever welcomes a prophet as a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward, and whoever welcomes a righteous person as a righteous person will receive a righteous person’s reward.” (Matthew 10:40-41)
We also read: “He took a little child whom he placed among them. Taking the child in his arms, he said to them, ‘Whoever welcomes one of these little children in my name welcomes me; and whoever welcomes me does not welcome me but the one who sent me.’” (Mark 9:36-37)
We further read: “The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to set the oppressed free.” (Luke 4:18)
We also notice that the New Testament equates a prophet, Moses, with Jesus when it comes to the most exclusive characteristics of Jesus. For example, the New Testament describes Moses as “made a ruler and judge” and “God sent him to be a ruler and savior”. All of those descriptions are usually given to Jesus exclusively in the New Testament.
We read: “So God sent back the same man his people had previously rejected when they demanded, ‘Who made you a ruler and judge over us?’ Through the angel who appeared to him in the burning bush, God sent Moses to be their ruler and savior.” (Acts 7:35)
The New Testament also equates Moses with Jesus for both were faithful to the one who appointed them. A prophet can be equated only with a prophet. A prophet cannot be equated with a son of God.
We read: “And so, dear brothers and sisters who belong to God and are partners with those called to heaven, think carefully about this Jesus whom we declare to be God’s messenger and High Priest. He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God’s house.” (Hebrews 3:1-2)
Not only does the New Testament equate Jesus with a prophet like Moses, but it also equates him with his disciples when it comes to such characteristics which are exclusive to him. Thus, nothing left in the New Testament which distinguishes Jesus and raises him above the human level.
We read: “Whoever listens to you listens to me; whoever rejects you rejects me; but whoever rejects me rejects him who sent me.” (Luke 10:16)
We also read: “Very truly I tell you, whoever accepts anyone I send accepts me; and whoever accepts me accepts the one who sent me.” (John 13:20)
We further read: “As you sent me into the world, I have sent them into the world.” (John 17:18)
“Again Jesus said, ’Peace be with you! As the Father has sent me, I am sending you.’” (John 20:21)
“That they may all be one, just as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, that they also may be in us, so that the world may believe that you have sent me. The glory that you have given me I have given to them, that they may be one even as we are one, I in them and you in me, that they may become perfectly one, so that the world may know that you sent me and loved them even as you loved me.” (John 17:21-23)
Jesus’ literal sonhood of God is negated and his prophethood is confirmed by his repeated acknowledgement of his inability to do anything by himself and his affirmation that all of his acts were actually done by God Who sent him.
We read: “By myself I can do nothing; I judge only as I hear, and my judgment is just, for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me.” (John 5:30)
In clear-cut terms, Jesus emphasized more than once that he was sent to let people know the only true God. Had Jesus been a son of God literally, he would have, for example, called on people to worship him beside God for being the son of God.
However, Jesus’ call for monotheism has only one implication which is the oneness of God and Lord as well as the negation of polytheism arising from belief in Jesus as a son of God in a literal sense for this contradicts what Jesus himself expressly called for.
We read: “Now this is eternal life: that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.” (John 17:3)
Finally, Jesus told us that he was sent only to the children of Israel. Only a prophet was sent to a certain people. A son of God would have been sent to all humanity. As God is the Lord of all mankind, His alleged son should have been a demigod for all mankind.
We read: “And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil. But he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth after us. But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. Then came she and worshiped him, saying, Lord, help me. But he answered and said, It is not meet to take the children’s bread, and to cast it to dogs.” (Matthew 15:22-26)
1- The Holy Bible (Visit biblegateway.com)
Is Jesus the Light of the World?
Is Jesus the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End or the First and the Last?
Is Jesus Life or Life-giver?
Is Jesus the Way and the Truth?
Is Jesus the Savior?
Is Jesus the Word of God?
Is Jesus in God or God in Jesus?
Are Jesus and God One?
Is Jesus the Son of God?
Is Jesus the Servant and Slave of God?
No wonder, Muslims do love Jesus. A person cannot be Muslim without believing in Jesus. Muslims believe that Jesus, like all other prophets and Messengers, was a Muslim.
While many people think that Islam is a new religion brought by Prophet Muhammad, the fact is that Islam is the religion of all prophets and messengers of God, including Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad.
“Islam” is an Arabic word meaning “submission to the will of God”. A “Muslim” is an Arabic word meaning “a person who submits to the will of God”.
In this sense, Jesus was a Muslim for he submitted to the will of God, Whom Jesus worshiped and to Whom Jesus prayed just as Muslims do.
John 6-38 reads: “For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him who sent me.”
Besides, Jesus did not accept worship for God sent prophets and messengers to call on people to worship God not themselves, and what is more he had never asked to be worshiped. He refused to be worshiped.
Matthew 15-9 quotes Jesus as saying: “They worship me in vain; their teachings are but rules taught by men.”
Watch this video to know how Jesus believed in, worshiped and called to the worship of God alone and foretold the advent of Prophet Muhammad.