Allah, the Almighty, would choose certain ones to entrust them with big assignments who might be a human or an angel.
By Editorial Staff
Allah, the Almighty, would choose certain ones to entrust them with big assignments who might be a human or an angel. From among people, Allah picked out Messengers upon whom His Scriptures were revealed and to whom the mission of proclamation of His Message is assigned. They would have to invite people to monotheism and obedience of the Creator without heedlessness or oblivion. And from among angels Allah selected certain angels who are commissioned with specific tasks and missions such as the angel Gibril (Gabriel, peace be upon him) who is entrusted with conveying the revelation to the Messengers, Mika’il (Michael, peace be upon him) who is appointed in charge of the rain and vegetation, Israfil who is appointed to blow the Trumpet when the Hour begins and other recording angels who are appointed to watch over the sons of Adam and record their deeds.
Allah (Glory be to Him) says,
Allah chooses from the angels messengers and from the people. Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Seeing. (Al-Hajj 22:75)
Among those elected people who were given preference upon all humans was a family, after which a full chapter from the Qur’an was named. It is the family of `Imran or Aal `Imran as the Qur’an entitled them. Allah, the Almighty says,
Indeed, Allah chose Adam and Noah and the family of Abraham and the family of ‘Imran over the worlds. Descendants, some of them from others. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing. [Mention, O Muhammad], when the wife of ‘Imran said, “My Lord, indeed I have pledged to You what is in my womb, consecrated [for Your service], so accept this from me. Indeed, You are the Hearing, the Knowing.” But when she delivered her, she said, “My Lord, I have delivered a female.” And Allah was most knowing of what she delivered, “And the male is not like the female. And I have named her Mary, and I seek refuge for her in You and [for] her descendants from Satan, the expelled [from the mercy of Allah ].” (Aal `Imran 3:33-36)
The above verse pinpoints Allah’s preference and selection of the family of `Imran over the whole people. There was from this family Virgin Mary, the pious and righteous woman who strove hard in worship until she had no peer in this matter. From her descended one of the five Prophets of Al-`Azm (resolution), Jesus (peace be upon him). There was as well Yahia (John) (peace be upon him) the cousin of Jesus (peace be upon them both). It is full of righteous and virtuous people, such as `Imran (Amram, the father of Mary) and Zakariyyah (Zechariah, peace be upon him) the father of Yahia (John) (peace be upon him).
Some people misinterpret this verse as they confuse `Imran, the father of Mary, with `Imran, the father of Moses especially because there is a Qur’anic verse refers to Mary as a sister of Harun (Aaron, peace be upon him) who is, as known, a brother of Moses (peace be upon him). What is the right view in this concern? Were Moses, Aaron and Mary brothers? Let’s consider this issue.
The verses referring to the lineage of Mary are as follows. The Qur’an says,
[Mention, O Muhammad], when the wife of ‘Imran said, “My Lord, indeed I have pledged to You what is in my womb… And I have named her Mary, and I seek refuge for her in You and [for] her descendants from Satan the expelled [from the mercy of Allah ].” (Aal `Imran 3:35-36)
And [the example of] Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity, so We blew into [her garment] through Our angel, and she believed in the words of her Lord and His scriptures and was of the devoutly obedient. (At-Tahrim 66:12)
These verses state initially that Mary is a daughter of `Imran. Then the Qur’an says,
Then she brought him to her people, carrying him. They said, “O Mary, you have certainly done a thing unprecedented. O sister of Aaron, your father was not a man of evil, nor was your mother unchaste.” (Maryam 19:27-28)
Also, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said in a hadith narrated by Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him), “I passed on the night when I was taken by Moses son of `Imran…” (Al-Bazzar)
Here, the conflict arises. One may understand that all of Moses, Aaron and Mary are from the same father, as apprehended from the verses and the hadith. Based on that, both Moses and Jesus would have been contemporaneous or there was a short period between them. Moreover, Moses and Jesus would be from the same family.
Some Muslim and non-Muslim scholars exert themselves to prove the claim that both Moses and Jesus belong to the family of `Imran. But, this is completely contrary to the Islamic basics of the creed. The fact is clearly maintained by the Prophet (peace be upon him) when he was asked about this. In Sahih Muslim, Al-Mughirah bin Shu`bah narrated, “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) sent me to Najran. They said to me: ‘Do you people not recite: “O sister of Harun (Aaron)” (19:28) while between Musa and `Isa there is such (gap) as there was?’ I did not know how to respond to them. So, when I returned to the Prophet, I told him about that, and he said: ‘Why didn’t you tell them that they would be named after their Prophets and righteous people before them.’” (Muslim)
The hadith of the Prophet dispels the ambiguity and reveals the truth. The Prophet clarifies that people would love to use the names of the pious people and Prophets and name the righteous ones after them. Allah’s saying “O sister of Aaron” means, according to Ibn Kathir, that she was like Aaron regarding her piousness and worship of Allah. Also, Ibn Kathir said commenting on the verses (3:33-37), “It is clear from the verses that `Imran, the father of Mary (peace be upon her), is not the father of Moses who was named `Imran as well.”
Accordingly, the Islamic narrations do not establish that both Moses and Mary are from the same father. But, it is merely a kind of similarity of names. The Prophet did not accept this claim and considered it false. People used to be named after the righteous people. The hadith proves that Mary is not a sister of Aaron or Moses, even if both fathers have with the same name.
Therefore, when the facts are examined, one comes to believe faithfully that the Qur’an is the Word of Allah.
Regardless of one’s color, nationality, or tribe, anyone who believes in the Islamic message is part of the brotherhood. With the above being the case, the logical question beckons that had this been written by Muhammad (peace be upon him) as these people allege for the purpose of uniting the Arabs, then why would he have put the exact opposite message in this book? Indeed, from the story we quoted, we can see that this Islamic message actually divided the Arabs into two distinct groups: Muslims and non-Muslim.
Muhammad (peace be upon him) also had companions that were from different tribes and were other than Arab.
He had Epilepsy?
Other people who reject the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace be upon him) agree, because of the historical evidence of Muhammad’s (Peace be upon him) impeccable character and truthfulness, that he would not have deliberately fabricated the Qur’an and his Prophethood. So they allege for some reason that he either had epilepsy or was delusional and actually believed that he was a Prophet.
Firstly, again keeping in mind that Muhammad is perhaps history’s most well documented man, there is absolutely no evidence from his life to support this claim, and all evidence suggests that Muhammad (peace be upon him) lived a normal and sane life all the way up to his death at the age of sixty (60). However, in spite of that, we will nonetheless prove that this claim is false and malicious.
Secondly, even some Orientalists themselves have rejected these claims of epilepsy as false and ridiculous. Daniel commenting on the claim of epilepsy said: “…epilepsy as applied to the Prophet was the explanation of those who sought to amuse rather than to instruct.” (Mohammad, the Sublime Qu’ran and Orientalism)
John Davenport said, “This remark that Muhammad has suffered the attacks of epilepsy is one of the false, awkward sayings of the Greeks by which they meant to stain the prestige of the propagator of a new religion, and turn the world of Christianity against his moral behavior and qualities.” (Udhri Taqsir)
There are various types of epilepsy, the main ones being grand mal, petit mal and psychomotor. Grand Mal includes generalized convulsions in which there is sudden unconsciousness with falling and shaking of the limbs. Sometimes the person screams just before the seizure and it is followed by stiffening and halted respiration. Next come jerky moves and one can bite one’s tongue and the person experiences a headache. Afterwards, they have no recollection of what happened.
When Muhammad (peace be upon him) received revelation, it was described like the ringing of a bell, while other times the Angel Gabriel came to him in the form of a man and delivered the message directly. When one compares grand mal to the description of Muhammad (peace be upon him) receiving revelation, it is obvious that he did not suffer from grand mal.
Petit Mal involves momentary lapses of awareness and more than seventy percent (70%) of patients have their first attack before the age of twenty. It involves no involuntary movements and can happen several times in a day without interruption of consciousness. This too, is in opposition to the description of Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) receiving revelation.
Firstly, Muhammad (peace be upon him) was forty (40) years old when he began to receive revelation. And each time he received revelation, it was for several minutes – not moments.
Psychomotor seizures involve convulsions. They last only a few seconds are accompanied with screams and mumbles which do not make words and sentences, much less entire chapters of a book which are not only completely understandable, but of the highest eloquence.
Epilepsy takes control of one’s thoughts during seizures, yet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was in complete control during the revelation and was able to recall the event in detail, unlike one who would have an epileptic seizure.
Beyond the above facts, one must ask how could Muhammad (peace be upon him) unconsciously know about previous nations? How could he unconsciously answer questions people asked him and be so correct? No one ever stood up to claim that they too are familiar with these stories. How could he know about future events which would later come to pass? How could he have known that the Persians and Romans would go to war and who would win the war years in advance?
Therefore, when the facts are examined, the epileptic seizures theories can not only be easily ruled out as absurd but we can only conclude that this claim is made out of outright maliciousness because the evidence is overwhelmingly against them. Norman Daniel commenting on the slanders made against Muhammad (peace be upon him) saying: “All writers (referring to Western Writers) tended – more or less -to cling to fantastic tales about Islam and its Prophet… The use of false evidence to attack Islam was all but universal.” (Islam and the West)
Daniel also goes on to explain: “At the worst there was the assertion of the fantastic, and its repetition without discrimination; at the best there was the selection of only those facts that served the purpose of controversy.” (Islam and the West)
Nonetheless, material gain; desire for power; desire to unify the Arabs and ever having had epilepsy are all easily ruled out when any unbiased reader one looks into the life of Muhammad (Peace be upon him).
Source: Taken from the book Who Wrote the Qur’an?
Since his birth, the Prophet Muhammad has been protected by Allah from all the aspects of polytheism and evil deeds.
By: Mohamed Okasha
Since his birth, the Prophet Muhammad has been protected by Allah from all the aspects of polytheism and evil deeds. `Ali ibn Abu Talib narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “I never wished to engage in the acts of the people of Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic period of ignorance) except in two times but Allah prevented me in both of them. Thereafter, I never wished to engage in anything of these acts.” (Al-Bayhaqi)
The enemies of Islam continued to cast doubts about the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace be upon him) and use baseless allegations to mislead people and conceal the truth. Among the alleged claims mentioned in some Christian books is a story that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) stayed with a Christian monk called Buheira for 13 years. According to them, the Prophet spent these long years learning from Buheira, and later he claimed Prophethood and composed the Qur’an.
To clarify the truth, I am going to quote a reply to this claim by Al-Zarqani in his book Manahil Al-`Irfan (2/308) in which he said, “They say that Muhammad (peace be upon him) met the monk Buheira and learnt from him, and that the information in the Qur’an is gotten from the knowledge he took from Buheira.
The first thing we say is that this claim has no proofs. Why do not they inform us of specific statements that the Prophet heard from Buheira and when and where was this?
History affirms that the Prophet (peace be upon him) traveled to the Levant twice for business; once in his childhood and the other in his youth. He did not travel outside Mecca before his Prophethood except in these two times and he neither heard from Buheira nor from anyone else anything of religion. Moreover, it was not something secret, as there was with him his uncle Abu Talib in the first journey and Maisarah, the servant of Khadijah, in the second one.
The whole matter is that Buheira saw a cloud that shaded the Prophet from the heat of the sun. So, Buheira told the Prophet’s uncle that the young man, Muhammad, would have a great position among his people. Also, he warned Abu Talib from the Jews as they might kill him. Thereupon, his uncle brought him back and did not complete his journey. This story was narrated from some weak chains of transmission, and the narration of Al-Tirmidhi did not include the name of Buheira. Anyway, none of these narrations mentioned that the Prophet heard anything from Buheira or learnt from him even one word. Where is their evidence then? Let, consider the following points:
– If the monk Buheira was the source of this miraculous and great Islamic message, why did not he came with it and attribute it to himself.
– It is definitely impossible that a person reached a matchless rank of knowledge to the extent that he became the teacher of the whole humanity just as a result of a short meeting with a monk, while he was still a boy in a business journey and he was not able to read or write.
– The religion to which the monk Buheira belonged (i.e. Christianity) does not believe in the Qur’an, the book with which Muhammad came.
We ask them to go through the Qur’an and compare it with the books of religions during Muhammad’s era, and decided from where Muhammad got the Qur’an. If this claim was partly right, the people at the Prophet’s time would stick to it and they would be delighted with it because they were keen to fight the Prophet Muhammad with every possible means. Even, when they accused him that he brought the Qur’an from a human being, they never said that he learnt from Buheira because this cannot be believed by anyone.”
These are the words of a Muslim scholar that refuted and undermined their claims with sound and clear proofs.
May Allah guide all of us to what pleases Him!
The Qur’an is the book of Allah revealed to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) in different styles of recitation.
By: Mohamed Okasha
The Qur’an is the book of Allah revealed to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) in different styles of recitation. Some allege that the Qur’an has been subject to distortion, an accusation with which Muslims charge the Gospel and the Torah. They attribute this to the companions of the Prophet claiming that they added and changed some words and chapters from the Qur’an. Those people rely on the actual differences between the Qur’an narrations that appear in some words or vowels.
Actually, Muslims do not deny the fact that there are a set of differences between the narrations of the Qur’an. But the question is “does this means distortion of the Qur’an?” In the following lines, I will touch on this issue and clarify the truth about the differences in the Qur’an narrations as well as the distortion of the Qur’an.
The fact is as simple as that the Qur’an has been narrated from the Prophet (peace be upon him) with authentic and recurrent chains of transmitters in different narrations. The proofs of this are authentic hadiths reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him). Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Gabriel taught me to recite (the Qur’an) in one style. I replied to him and kept asking him to give more (styles), till he reached seven modes (of recitation).” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) Ubayy ibn Ka`b reported that Jibril (Gabriel, peace be upon him) came to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and said: “Allah has commanded you to recite to your people the Qur’an in one style.” Upon this he said: “I ask from Allah pardon and forgiveness. My people are not capable of doing it.” He then came for the second time and said: “Allah has commanded you that you should recite the Qur’an to your people in two styles.” Upon this he (the Holy prophet) again said: “I seek pardon and forgiveness from Allah, my people would not be able to do so.” He (Gabriel) came for the third time and said: “Allah has commanded you to recite the Qur’an to your people in three styles.” Upon this he said: “I ask pardon and forgiveness from Allah. My people would not be able to do it.” He then came to him for the fourth time and said: “Allah has commanded you to recite the Qur’an to your people in seven styles, and in whichever style they would recite, they would be right.“ (Muslim) The two hadiths indicate that the Qur’an was gotten from the Prophet (peace be upon him) from Jibril (peace be upon him) from Almighty Allah (Glory be to Him) in different styles (i.e. what we call narrations of the Qur’an).
There is no single word, even the smallest conjunction, but has been directly heard and narrated from the Prophet through authentic chains of transmitters. The companions were extremely honest and conveyed the Qur’an and the Sunnah with utmost accuracy and faithfulness. The point is that the Prophet asked Allah to reveal the Qur’an to him in numerous styles so that it will be easy for Arabs, who had a lot of dialects, to understand, and thus believe in it. Allah answered his supplication and revealed the Qur’an with different styles. Allah (Glory be to Him) says,
And We have certainly made the Qur’an easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember? (Al-Qamar 54:17)
Scholars clarified that the difference of Qur’an styles is connected with the Arab dialects that were prevailing at the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Hence, it had been necessary that the Qur’an matched their styles and structures so that they could straightforwardly understand it and do not feel alienation with it. The Qur’an was so miraculous that it combined between eloquence and purity of language, and the concurrence with Arab dialects. The Qur’an has been able to capture the Arab’s hearts and made them bow to it out of respect. It became easier for them to study it, derive its rulings, act upon its orders, know its events, memorize and recite it.
However, the difference does not bring any kind of opposition or contradiction. Rather, it added to the eloquence and richness of the language of the Glorious Qur’an. Also, this helped scholars deduce additional, not contradictory, rulings and meanings. There are many examples of this one finds in the books of Tafsir (explanation of the Qur’an).
The differences found in the Qira’at of the Qur’an occur in the conjugation of verbs, the singularity, plurality and gender of words, the inflection, the vowel and the constant, the stress, the assimilation and the contraction, etc. We already have a branch of science called Al-Qira’at which studies and pursues these differences and provides the governing rules that help the learners easily memorize and understand them.
Indeed, there was no distortion or misrepresentation but the whole matter is divine. Every letter from the Qur’an is revealed by Allah (Glory be to Him). The wisdom is simply to make the Qur’an easily memorized, understood and recited.
Allah (Glory be to Him) says,
And We have certainly made the Qur’an easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember? (Al-Qamar 54:17)
The so-called synoptic gospels cannot stand comparison with the Qur’an
It is eccentric enough that some Christian apologists argue that there are synoptic Qur’ans like synoptic gospels to prove that there is nothing wrong with having more than one gospel. It is more eccentric that even such synoptic gospels portray different views even of the most basic tents of Christianity contained in the New Testament like the picture of Jesus, his mother Mary and Jesus’ teachings.
As a matter of fact, the so-called synoptic gospels cannot stand comparison with the Qur’an. It is quite unfair to draw a historical comparison between the Qur’an and the above-mentioned gospels for an uncountable number of reasons. However, I will try here to cite only a few reasons why it is a sophism to liken such synoptic or any other gospels to the Qur’an and argue that there is only one Qur’an throughout history.
Before handling the Qur’an and evidencing its textual integrity, it is convenient here to give some facts about gospels in general and synoptic gospels in particular.
Facts about Gospels
It is widely known that there are four canonical gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. There are also apocryphal gospels, non-canonical gospels, Jewish-Christian gospels and gnostic gospels. Though many Christians believe that the four canonical gospels are a revelation from God and so an accurate and authoritative representation of the life of Jesus, many scholars agree that not everything contained in such gospels is historically reliable.
Though there were gospels which were circulated in early Christianity, but they did not become canonical. Of the many gospels written in antiquity, only four gospels came to be accepted as part of the New Testament or canonical. Much literature, such as the work known today as Gospel of Thomas, lacks the narrative framework typical of a gospel. Canonical gospels specifically refer to the four books selected as canon by the early church.
Biblical scholars generally agree that early oral traditions about Jesus along with collections of accounts preceded the canonical gospels. Reza Aslan states that “the gospels were deeply influenced by Paul’s letters.” The dedicatory preface of the Gospel of Luke testifies to the existence of several accounts of the life of Jesus by the time of its composition. The term Luke uses (διήγησις diēgēsis) is a term used in classical Greek for any historical narrative.
It is widely believed that the three synoptic gospels derive from a common source or set of sources, and that they directly or indirectly borrowed from or were influenced by each other. For example, the vast majority of material in Mark is also present in either Luke or Matthew or both, suggesting that Mark was a source for Matthew and Luke. The existence of common material in Matthew and Luke not contained in Mark suggests that both Matthew and Luke had at least one other source at their disposal.
The majority view today is that Mark is the first gospel, with Matthew and Luke borrowing passages both from that gospel and from at least one other common source, lost to history. This view is known as the “two-source hypothesis”. The two-gospel hypothesis, in contrast, says that Matthew was written first (by Matthew the Apostle), and then Luke the Evangelist wrote his gospel (using Matthew as his main source) before Mark the Evangelist wrote his gospel (using Peter’s testimony). John was written last and shares little with the synoptic gospels.
The consensus among biblical scholars is that all four canonical gospels were originally written in Greek, the lingua franca of the Roman Orient.
Estimates for the dates when the canonical gospel accounts were written vary significantly; and the evidence for any of the dates is scanty. Because the earliest surviving complete copies of the gospels date to the 4th century and because only fragments and quotations exist before that, scholars use higher criticism to propose likely ranges of dates for the original gospel autographs.
As a matter of fact, all Muslims from Prophet Muhammad’s lifetime up to the Day of Judgment have only one Qur’an. The Qur’an which used to be recited by the Companions of Prophet Muhammad is the same Qur’an we recite today. However, there are some reasons why some people may think that there are differences in the text of the Qur’an.
Therefore, when it comes to the Qur’an as a text, it must be taken into consideration that the Qur’an has several styles of recitation (Qira’at) which were all revealed to Prophet Muhammad. In this regard, Prophet Muhammad is reported to have said: “This Qur’an has been revealed in seven different styles, so recite it in the way that is easiest for you.” (Al-Bukhari) It is also reported that he said: “Gabriel taught me one style. So I kept reviewing it until he taught me more; and I kept asking him for more and he gave me more until finally there were seven styles.” (Al-Bukhari)
The Qur’anic text is not an ordinary one but such a holy, miraculous, meaningful one. It was the last holy book to be revealed to humanity. The previous scriptures had certain validity. They would be confined to certain times, places and sometimes peoples. However, the Qur’an, as the last holy book, has much longer validity. It has to be consulted from Prophet Muhammad’s lifetime up to the Day of Judgment. It must include an answer to each question which may arise throughout this prolonged period of time.
Nevertheless, a holy book cannot contain much details; otherwise, it will be voluminous, bulky and, as a result, unreadable. Thus, it was necessary that the holy book to be sent should have been comprehensive but, at the same time, concise. That was the Qur’an. It is such a holy book which is concise in wording but rich in meaning. A generic verse of the Qur’an gives answers to several questions in multiple times and places. This per se is one of the miraculous aspects of the Qur’an.
One of the reasons for the differences in the text of the Qur’an is taking the various Arabic dialects into consideration. At the time of the revelation of the Qur’an, there were so many Arabic dialects for the then Arabs were Bedouin tribes which were scattered throughout the Arabian Peninsula. Each tribe had its own dialect and Arabic pronunciation. The various Arabian tribes had a lot of variants for the same words. They had no standard dialect given their nomadic lifestyle.
It is noteworthy that, upon the advent of Islam, Arabic itself had yet to assume a standard form. The usage of the Qur’an was the first usage to be adopted by all Arabs. The Arabic language from Prophet Muhammad’s time is based on the language of the Qur’an.
Being itself a great literary miracle, the Qur’an managed to unify all Arabs though they, at the time, were pioneers in rhetoric. The Qur’an defeated all previous literary masterpieces and set a new linguistic standard which Arabs could not challenge. So, they had to adopt such standard which took into account all of their dialects and allowed them to recite it each according to one’s own accent as a way for the facilitation of the recitation and a means of propagation and circulation.
Thus, we can conclude that there is only one Qur’an which Allah meant to bear as much meanings as possible and to be recited by as many people as possible. Such considerations of meaningfulness and facilitation of recitation entailed a particular form of the Qur’an which is so resilient that it, linguistically speaking, could unify Arabs by taking in all of their local dialects, and, semantically speaking, can serve as a guide every time and everywhere.
There is only one Qur’an. The earliest copies of the Qur’an were free from vowels, dots and punctuation in general for the reasons given above. If there is another Qur’an which materially different from the Qur’an all Muslims have, let those who have it come up with it.
1- Sahih Al-Bukhari
The light of truth cannot be put out with falsehood but it will continue to enlighten the path for humanity
Lady `Aisha (the mother of the believers, may Allah be pleased with her) narrated that the commencement of the Divine Inspiration to Allah’s Messenger was in the form of good dreams which came true like bright daylight, and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave of Hira’ where he used to worship (Allah alone) continuously for many days before his desire to see his family. He used to take with him the journey food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khadija to take his food likewise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira’. The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet replied, “I do not know how to read.” The Prophet added, “The angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read and I replied, ‘I do not know how to read.’ Thereupon, he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read but again I replied, ‘I do not know how to read (or what shall I read)?’ Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said,
Read in the name of your Lord, who has created (all that exists), created man from a clot. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous. (Al-`Alaq 96:1-3)
Then Allah’s Messenger returned with the inspiration and with his heart beating severely. Then he went to Khadija bint Khuwailid and said, “Cover me! Cover me!” They covered him till his fear was over and after that he told her everything that had happened and said, “I fear that something may happen to me.” Khadija replied, “Never! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones.” Khadija then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqa ibn Naufal ibn Asad ibn ‘Abdul ‘Uzza, who, during the pre-Islamic Period became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allah wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his eyesight. Khadija said to Waraqa, “Listen to the story of your nephew, O my cousin!” Waraqa asked, “O my nephew! What have you seen?” Allah’s Messenger described whatever he had seen. Waraqa said, “This is the same one who keeps the secrets (angel Gabriel) whom Allah had sent to Moses. I wish I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out.” Allah’s Messenger asked, “Will they drive me out?” Waraqa replied in the affirmative and said, “Anyone (man) who came with something similar to what you have brought was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day when you will be turned out then I would support you strongly.” But after a few days Waraqa died and the Divine Revelation was also paused for a while.” (Al-Bukhari)
Waraqah was a pagan worshiping the idols at Mecca in the beginning of his life. He was one of four people who determined to forsake the idolatry of Quraysh and search for the right religion. This decision was at one of Quraysh’s pagan festivals. They were Waraqah ibn Naufal, `Uthman ibn Al-Huwairath, `Ubaidullah ibn Jahsh and Zayd ibn `Amr ibn Nufail. They decided to abandon the worship of idols as they deemed it contrary to every reason and sound understanding. Waraqah and `Uthman ibn Al-Huwairath professed Christianity. `Ubaidullah ibn Jahsh lived till the advent of Islam and embraced Islam. Zayd ibn Nufail kept to the remains of the religion of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham, peace be upon him) until he passed away.
Waraqah studied the Gospels and became knowledgeable of them so that he would write the Gospel. He grew old and lost his eyesight. When the revelation came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) by the angel Jibril (Gabreal, peace be upon him) the Prophet went to him upon recommendations from Khadijah, the Prophet’s wife, as Waraqah was relative of Khadijah. The Prophet related to Waraqah what happened to him and how an angel took and pressed him forcefully three times. Waraqah told him that this is the same angel that descended upon Moses (peace be upon him) with revelation. Waraqah gave the Prophet glad tidings of Prophethood, and also warned him of great harm he would receive at the hands of the disbelievers. He informed the Prophet that the people of Quraysh would expel him out of Mecca, and the Prophet found this queer.
Some scholars state that Waraqah a believer as he accepted what the Prophet said and gave him glad tiding of Prophethood. There is a hadith indicating that Waraqah is not in the Hellfire as narrated by `A’isha (may Allah be pleased with her) who said: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked about Waraqah by Khadijah: “He (i.e. Waraqah) believed in you and died before you commence Prophethood.” The Prophet replied, “I saw him in a dream wearing white clothes. If he was from the people of the Hellfire, I would saw him wearing other clothes.” (Al-Tirmidhi)
This is almost what is related about Waraqah in the books of Sirah in brief. Now, it is odd to read in some distrustful books that Waraqah was a teacher of the Prophet Muhammad who taught Muhammad the Qur’an and thus he was the actual composer of the Qu’an and the Islamic Message.
One wonder, where is in the historical texts stated that Waraqah was the teacher of the Prophet Muhammad? Which historians said that? What is the source of these allegations? What is the evidence? Who narrated that the Prophet would frequent Waraqah seeking knowledge from him? Where were the people of Qurashy, who fought the Prophet with every possible means and lost their greatest leaders in battling with Muhammad, from these claims? Had not they seen the Prophet Muhammad once learning something from Waraqah or repeating his words? Had not they saw him accompanying Waraqah? Yet, how many days and night did the Prophet spend with Waraqah? What is the likeness between Waraqah’s views and the Prophet’s ones? No answer comes but just groundless allegations and blatant lies brought out of concealed grudge and malice against Islam and Muslims. No evidence but real falsehood.
The war against Islam takes multiple forms. The enemies of Islam miss no ill or dishonest way but pave it to attack Islam although false and fabricated. Thus, their efforts are fruitless and nothing avails Islam, the ever fast spreading religion worldwide. The light of truth cannot be put out with falsehood but it will continue to enlighten the path for humanity. We are not to withhold or conceal a fact, because Islam orders us to be honest and faithful. But, what can be done with ill-intentioned and insincere suspicions that manifest the lie of its people and their concealed hatred and animosity against Islam.